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26 Cards in this Set

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What is public health?
Attempts to promote health in populations through the application of organized community efforts.
What is preventive medicine?
Seeks to enhance the lives of individuals by helping to improve their health.
What is hygiene?
Practices aimed at preventing disease particularly cleanliness.
What is epidemiology?
The study of incidence, distribution and control of diseases and other factors relating to health.
What is the difference between public health and clinical medicine?
Preventing medicine is about the individual and public health is about the community
What is the definition of health?
A state of complete physical mental and social well being not merely the absence of disease.
What is the definition of disease?
An abnormal condition of a part, organ or system of the body resulting from various causes such as genetic defect, environmental stress and is identifiable by a group of symptoms.
What does personal hygiene include?
Washing and cleaning of the body and living area.
What does feminine hygiene include?
Daily genital cleansing, change underwear daily, loose clothing for sleep at night, change tampons and pads frequently.
What do food safety protocols include?
Cleaning of food, equipment and prep area, to avoid cross contamination.
What does medical hygiene include?
Proper dressing of injuries, use of protective clothing, cleansing of instruments, and disposal of medical waste.
What is primary prevention?
aimed at preventing disease occurrence, education, immunization.
What is secondary prevention?
Designed to detect disease earlier. Education and screening both self and medical.
What is tertiary prevention?
Geared to reducing disability resulting from disease. Education, treatment and rehabilitation.
What are the leading causes of death in ages birth to 30 days?
Birth to 30 days = infant respiratory distress syndrome.
What is the leading cause of death in ages 1 month to 1 year?
SIDS sudden infant death syndrome
What is the leading cause of death in those 1 - 5 years of age?
Motor vehicle accidents
What is the leading cause of death for those ages 5 - 12?
Motor vehicle accidents
What is the leading cause of death fore those ages 12 - 18?
Motor vehicle accidents
What is the leading cause of death for males and females ages 19-44?
Males = AIDS
Females = Motor vehicle accidents
What is the leading cause of death for those ages 45 -64?
Male = Lung cancer
Female = Breast cancer
What is the leading cause of death over the age of 65?
Coronary artery disease.
What are the risk factors for coronary heart disease and cerebrovascular disease?
smoking, hypertension, abnormal lipid levels
What gynecological cancers have early detection available for them?
cervical and endometrial cancer
What are 6 keywords in the definition of Epidemiology?
study, distribution, determinants, health related, populations, and control
What are the 10 steps of an outbreak investigation?
1. Prepare for field work
2. Establish the existence of an outbreak
3. Verify the diagnosis
4. Define and identify cases
5. Describe and orient date by time, place and person
6. Develop hypothesis
7. Evaluate hypothesis
8. carry out additional studies
9. implement control and prevention
10.communicate findings