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43 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Germanic Tribes
Tribal folk who followed a migratory existence - lived in preurban village communities and frequently raided & plundered nearby lands
Loyalty; the fidelity of the warrior to his chieftan
3000 line epic - first monumental literary composition in a European vernacular language - tale of daring Scandinavian prince
Emporer of the Romans - Frankish chieftan Charles the Great-leader of the Holy Wars - wanted to restore Roman under christain leadership
Carolingian Renaissance
A time of copying the manuscripts & making of liturgical and devotional objects - started by Charlemagne
enamel work produced by pouring molten colored glass between thin gold partitions, any object ornament in this way
The sytem of political organization prevailing in Europe 9-15 century - basis is the exchange of land for military defense/service
the procedure by which a feudal lord granted a vassal control over a fief
a code of behavior practiced by upper class men and women of medieval society
Scandinavain seafarers - first to colonize iceland -set up colony in Greenland - were master shipbuilders -Norsemen - "Rus"
William of Normandy
Leader of Vikings - led 5000 vikings across English channel to sieze throne of England
Norman Conquest
Conquest of throne of England by Vikings - marked transfer of power in England from Anglo Saxon rulers to Norman noblemen & thus to France
an unfree peasant
in feudal society, land/property given to a warrior in return for military service
Christian Crusades
began as a effort to rescue Jerasalem from Muslim turks - 11th to 13th century - began as religious became economical
the principle by which a fief was passed from father to son
Medieval Romance
a tale of adventure that supplanted the older Chanson de Geste and that deals with knights,king,ladies acting under impulse of love,religious faith or desire for adventure
Code of Courtly Love
longing of a nobleman for a usually unattainable woman - basis for concepts of romantic love in Western literature & life
Chretien de Troyes
Author of "Lancelot"
a knight in King Arthur's court - Guinevere's lover - dramatizes the feminization of the chivalric ideal
a sacred act or pledge in medieval Christianity - a visible sign of God's grace
intermediate realm occupied by the soul after death and before the last judgement - soul could benefit from prayers and good works on their behalf
Hildegard of Bingen
Leading mystic of the twelfth century - wrote Know the Ways of the Lord - wrote treaties on medicine, science & wrote hymns
Pope Innocent III
Wrote On the Misery of the Human Condition -one of Christendoms most influential popes
Memento mori
"remember death" a warning of the closeness of death and the need to prepare for ones own death
Morality Play
Medieval drama that dealt with the struggle between good and evil and the destiny of the soul in the hereafter
an allegory is a story with two meanings, a literal meaning and a symbolic meaning. Form of extended metaphor, in which objects, persons, and actions in a narrative, are equated with the meanings that lie outside the narrative itself.
essentially a moral allegory that illustrates the pilgramage from life to death, exposition of the Catholitic priesthood in helping christian achieve salvation
Dante Alighieri
Florentine poet - author of Divine Comedy, Commedia Divinia
Ecclesiatical censure that excludes the individual from receiving the sacraments
the excommunication of an entire city or state - used to dissuade secular rulers from opposing papal policy
denial of the revealed truths or Orthodox doctrine by a baptized member of the church, an opinion or doctrine contrary to church dogma
A special court designed to stamp out heresy - brought to trial people whole local townspeople denounced as heretics
Romanesque Style (characteristics)
Round arches and uniform system of stone vaults in the upper zones of the nave & side aisles
Christian Pilgrimage
Christians traveled to the shrine to seek pardon from sins or pay homage to a particular saint/healing or miracle cure
The remains of saints and martyrs - objects of holy veneration - ie: piece of cross Jesus crucified on
Decorated container that held the relics - sometimes made in the shape of the relic
Semi-circular space enclosed by the lintel over a doorway and the arch above it
Gothic Style (characteristics)
Sophisticated and majestic expression of an age of faith - clear break with classical past - dynamic system of thrusts & counterthrusts, soared heavenly, infused form with symbolism
Flying buttress
A flying buttress is a free-standing buttress attached to the main structure by an arch or a half-arch.
Cult of the Virgins
Inspired worship at thrones in Mary's honor-Mary as second Eve-woman who redeemed humankind from damnation
Stained Glass(symbolism)
lux nova - new light - symbolic equivalent of God - windows were mediators of God's love-could transport Christian from th slime of this earth to the purity of heaven
Santiago de Compostela
Saint James Major was said to have brought Chrisianity to Spain - martyred on his return to Judea - body recovered & buried at Compostela