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12 Cards in this Set

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mortality
number of people that die each yea. infant mortality rate-number of babies that die each yea(normally high in poor countries)
demographic transition
a change in population over time stage 1-low growth (high suffering, population not growing, high birth and mortality rate) stage 2-high growth (death rate drops, birth rate remains high) stage 3-moderate growth(death rate declines, and birth rates decline-medical advances enable people to live longer) stage 4-low growth/stationary phase(low TFR and no growth-women are educated in these countries, which leads to the low TFR)
TFR
the Total Fertility Rate is the number of children born to each woman. 2.1 is the number that must achieved to reach replacement level
megalopolis
large"super city" in North America it includes New York City, Boston, Philadelphia, and Washington DC.
population density
the number of people living in an area it is calculated by dividing the number of people by the amount of land (area) number of people/amount of land (area)= population density
eugenics
a population policy that favors the growth or reduction of one particular ethnic group extreme example of Eugenics Nazi Germany
replacement level
2.1 the number of children each woman needs to have in order to keep the population even.
what four areas in the world have the largest population density? Why is the population so dense in each of these areas?
China next to rivers for agriculture, India next to rivers for agriculture, Europe people live near coalfields, Megalopolis (North America) people gather around the big cities, which are on the coast
what can governments do to affect population?
three different population policies: Expansive-encourages population growth (Sweden has a year long maternity leave for mothers who have babies), Eugenic-favors one race/culture over others (Nazi Germany), Restrictive-limits birth rates(China-one child policy)
do all countries with a low TFR encourage immigration? Why or why not?
no, some countries want low growth, like China. some countries do not want any immigration, like Japan. Japan wants to keep its culture, and China most likely doesn't have the room to accept immigrants.
what type of country is represented in the population pyramid below? How do we know?
this pyramid represents a wealthy country. We know this because there is a low birth rate and a low death rate. The low birth rate indicates that women are educated, and the low death rate indicates that they have the money to develop and perform medicine. This is an aging population. This is an example of a country like the United States, or Switzerland.
what type of country is represented in the population pyramid below? How do we know?
This pyramid represents a poor country. We know this because there is a very high birth rate and high infant mortality rate. This indicates that the country does not have the money for medicine.