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27 Cards in this Set

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Allies
The nations including the U.S., Britain, France, and the Soviet Union, that joined the fight in WWII against Germany and the other Axis nations.
Anti-Semitism
The hatred of Jews, their religion, and their culture.
Aryan
This term was used by the Nazis to mean a superior, Germanic race of blonde hair and blue eyes.
Axis
The nations, including Italy and Japan, that fought in WWII against the Allies.
Concentration camp
A prison in which “enemies of the German state” were sent.
Crematoria
Ovens in which death camp victims’ bodies were burned.
Deportation
The Jews forced relocation from their homes to other places – ghettos and concentration camps.
Einsatzgruppen
Killing squads, mobile killing units.
Final Solution
The Nazi plan to murder by gassing all the Jews of Europe
Fuhrer
German for “leader,” used in reference to Adolf Hitler.
Genocide
The systematic killing of a nation or race of people.
Gestapo
Nazi secret police.
Ghetto
Special sections of larger towns and cities surrounded by fences, walls, and armed guards where Jews were forced to live.
Holocaust
“Destruction by Fire,” refers to the Nazi killing of 6 million Jews 1933-1945.
Judenrein
A place without Jews.
Kristallnacht
“Night of Broken Glass”
Liberation
Setting free.
NAZI
National Socialist German Workers’ Party.
Nuremberg Laws
These laws defined Jews, excluding them from German society, and removed all their civil rights.
Resistance
Fighting back to prevent the oppressor from achieving his/her goal in spite of great danger.
Righteous Gentiles
Non-Jews who risked their own lives to save Jews during WWII.
Round up
The taking of Jews from their homes and transporting them to ghettos or concentration camps. The Nazis would swoop down and gather up a large number of Jews.
Scapegoat
A person who is blamed for the mistakes and failures of others.
SS
Schutzstaffel – ran the concentration camps.
Swastika
An old religious ornament, adopted by the Nazis as their party symbol.
Third Reich
Hitler’s name for Germany 1933-1945
Yom Hashoa
Holocaust Remembrance Day