Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/20

Click to flip

20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

4 types of early photographic processes

1. Daguerrotype: small, metal, unique object




2. Tintype: cheaper metal alternative to Dag.




3. Carte-de-vistre




4. Calotype: paper negative, reproducible, poor quality, over-patented (prevented popular use)

DAGUERRE

French


documented changing Paris


invented daguerrotype (with others)


- French gov't gave technology away for free



Henry Fox Talbot

English


inventor of calotype


- imposed restrictive patents


inspired by camera obscura-based sketching

Julia Margaret Cameron

calotype


photographed leading figures of her salons


- often in costume, TABLEAU

Romanticism / pre-Raphaelite

reaction to industrialization


- dark Satanic mills


nostalgic, return to nature (harmonious)


precursor to modernism




return to classical imagery & mythology


reaction to flattening nature of photography

EARLY PHOTOGRAPHY

1. usurped traditional representational practices


2. extended colonial reach


3. established visual "scientific" metric (realism)


4. democratized individual, institutional history

Instrumental photography

1. created new forms of picture making




2. mapped new territories




3. enforced cultural, political mores




4. visually rationalized colonial excursions


- manifest destiny, British colonization of India, China, PHOTOGRAPHY AS SOFT WEAPON

Civil War photography

Mathew Brady, Timothy O'Sullivan, Alexander Gardner




no frontline work - exposures too long


cannon balls, bodies


creating scenes for added drama

Classical depictions of nature

William Henry Jackson, Carlton Watkins




nature as conquerable


figures placed in frame for scale


immersive


harmonious


SENSE OF PLACE

Romantic depictions of nature

Edward Muybridge




photo should rival nature


NOT harmonious, awe-inspiring


chaotic, harsh, dramatic


proto-Modernist vision


split b/w foreground + background

Documentary photography

1. indexical


2. lyrical : using ph's elusive objectivity to enhance a fiction




Farm Security Administration - document federal gov't employment efforts - Walker Evans



Tableau

often created using multiple photos (montage)


moral lesson



MODERNISM

Dadaism, Surrealism, Futurism, New Objectivism, Cubism, development of psychology




1890s - 1918 - First Modernist Era


WWI transforms Europe into modern continent





ART NOUVEAU

movement mean to humanize all new materials

Bauhaus

collage


art school in Germany


photograms


architecture, typography


better life through design


utopian endeavor

PICTORIALISM

tableau style with realistic flavor


"Good Joke" by Alfred Stieglitz


creation of photo rather than simply recording


provoke emotion in viewer

Alfred Stieglitz

Photo-Secessionists


- carry over from Victorian era pictorials


291 Gallery


wanted photo to be perceived as art


1. experimental photographer


2. cultural impresario (curator, Camera Work)


3. artist (cloud photos)

STRAIGHT PHOTOGRAPHY

Paul Strand


high contrast, sharp focus


play up the qualities that differentiate photo from other mediums (particularly painting)

AMERICAN MODERNISM

essence - form, beauty of all things


deeply Romantic


Ansel Adams, Aaron Siskind, Edward Weston

REPORTAGE

Robert Capa, Henri Cartier-Bresson (Magnum, decisive moment)


war photography (Capa), concerned ph


humanistic, documentary


Leica - handheld camera


ph as call to action, change hearts/minds


Magazines as vehicle for spread of images