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86 Cards in this Set

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Cartilage Cell-

Chondrocytes
Cartilage-Mesenchymal Cells
Cartilage-Mesenchymal Cells
Cartilage -Chondroblasts Cells
Cartilage - Chondrocyte Cells
Cartilage Growth, specifically, Appositional Growth
Bone

Along the edge are Osteoblasts

In the center = Osteocytes
Bone Cells =

Osteoclasts
Bone Cell = Osteocytes
Name the Process
Mineralization:
a. Mineralized Bone
b. Osteoid Layer
c. Osteoblasts
Bone Cells =

Osteoclasts
Compact Bone at the edge
Cancellous Bone in the middle
Cross section of Cortical Bone
Bone:

Top: Haversian System

Tiny dots: Osteocyte Lacunae

Center of the rings = Haversian Canals that contain the neurovascular system
Haversian Canal
Canaliculi (tiny striations)
Little dots = osteocyte lacuna
One large ring = Haversian System
Lamella
Osteocytes
Haversian Center
Canaliculi
Bone Formation =
Endochondral Ossification

Zone 1 = resting cartilage
Zone 2 =Proliferating cartilage
Zone 3 = Hypertrophic cartilage
Zone 4 = Calcified Cartilage
Zone 5 = Ossification
3 types of Cartilage =
Hyaline
3 Types of Cartilage =
Fibrocartilage
3 Types of Cartilage =
Elastic
The white dots are lacunae with chondrocytes
Dendrite
Nucleus
Cell Body
Axon Hillock
Axon
Neuron
Unipolar Neuron
Presynaptic Neuron with all the synaptic vessels

Postsynaptic Membrane

Postsynaptic Neuron with no vessels
Astrocyte
Microglial Cells
Microglial cells
Neuron
Astrocyte
Oligodendrocyte
I think this is a microglial cell...please doublecheck!
White matter on the left

Gray matter on the right
Cerebellum:
Granule Layer (dark purple)
Molecular Layer (white layer)
Cerebellum
Molecular Layer
Granule Layer
Very important Slide
Cerebellum

Molecular Layer
Perkinje Cells
Granule Layer
Cerebellum

You can only see the Perkinje Cell (the black dot)
Spinal Cord
Spinal Cord
Blood vessel = blood brain barrier
Blood vessel = blood brain barrier

astrocytes
choroid plexus
Outside to inside:

Skeletal Muscle
Epimysium
Perimysium
Endomysium
Striated Muscle - parts of 3 muscle fibers

A = Dark staining A bands

I = Light staining I bands

F= nucleus of bfibroblast in endomysium

N = muscle nucleus against sarcolemma
Cardiac Muscle
Cardiac Muscle
Smooth muscle
Smooth muscle
smooth muscle
smooth muscle = during contraction
One axon giving rise to 3 motor end plates
Epithelial Cells =

Squamous
Identifier:Flat
(Blood Vessel)
Epithelial Cells

Simple Cuboidal
Epithelial Cells

Columnar
Epithelia

Stratified Layer
Epithelia

Psuedostratified
Epithelia

Transitional
Epithelia

Microvilli
Made of Microfilaments
Fcn: Increase surface area
covered by protein coat, Glycocalyx
Do not move
Epithelia

Microvilli -
Microfilaments is in the middle and the round circles are the microvilli
epithelia

cilia
Epithelia

Top: Zonula Occulens = Tight Junction = forms a continuous band around cell to fuse neighboring cells to prevent flow of material between cells

Middle : Zonula Adherens = Provides adhesion to neighboring cells

Bottom: Macula Adherens (desmosomes) = Strong cell-to-cell adhesion

Note:
a. Tight Junctions seal epithelium
b. Desmosomes and ZA provides structural support
c. Gap Junctions allow ion exchange between neighboring epithelia
Epithelia

Gap Junctions
Epithelia

Gap Junctions
Epithelia

Infoldings of the Basal membrane = increase surface area

Found in tissues that is subjective to stress...tongue or skin

Foliate Papillae of the tongue
Epithelia

Basal Lamina
Functions:
physical support
negative charge barrier
differentiation of overlaying cells
Olfactory Neurons projecting to the brain
Basal Lamina at the olfactory epithelium
epithelial cells

Apical pole
lumen/free surface
lateral surface
basal lamina
Basal Pole
Modifications of the Apical Surface of the Epithelium

Cilia
Cilia

Pseudostratified Columnar
Back and forth motion to create flow of fluid in one direction
Use ATP as the energy source for movement
What is the function that this slide is depicting?
Epithelium

Secretion
The picture is of the Apocrine Secretion
Erythrocytes
Function:
Carry O2 and CO2
NO nucleus or organelles
Large surface to volume ratio makes for efficient gas exchange
Sickel cell anemia
mutation of one nucletide in DNA (glutamic acid to valine)
Neutrophils

Nucleus: multilobulated
Phagocytosis of bacteria
hours to days
Eosinophils
Nucleus: Bilobed

Phagocytosis; defense against parasites
8-12 days
Basophils


Nucleus: Irregular Shape
Basophilic granules contain heparin and histamine
Fcn: associated with Allergies
Monocytes

Nucleus is indented/folded

Source of Macrophage, ingulf and digest bacteria, dead or dying cells
Platelets
Numerous cytoplasmic organelles
Functions: release clotting factors at injury sites and release serotonin to slow or stop blood flow; vasoconstrict
Basophil
Lymphocytes
Lymphocytes
Monocytes
Platelets
Platelets

Fibrin
Platelets
Erythrocytes
Neutrophilic Myelocyte
Hemopoiesis

Red Bone Marrow
Sinusoid capillaries
Adipocytes
Cords of Hemopoietic Cells
Erythropoiesis
Decrease in ribosomes, basophilia, nuclear volume
Increase in chromatin condensation, hemoglobin
Erythropoiesis - RBC
Granulopoiesis - Neutrophil, Eosinophil, and Basophil
Megakaryoblast
Megakaryocyte
Sinusoids