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18 Cards in this Set

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-form+ < (いかがですか、どうですか、いいと思います)

Making a suggestion form

どうしたらいいですか

What should I do?

どうしたらいいでしょうか

What should I do? (More polite)

どうしたらいいと思いますか

What do you think I should do?

Verb (plain, nonpast form) + ことにする

Deciding to do something form

Verb (plain, nonpast) + ことにしている

Deciding to do something and actually doing it (making it a rule to do)

Noun + にする

Decide on (something)

Verb (plain, nonpast) + ~ことになる

Decision made beyond speakers control

Noun の/ verb (dictionary form) + 前に

Something occurring before

Noun の/ verb (た-form) + 後で

Something occurring after (in any space of time)

て-form of verb + から

Something occurring after (right after)

Time expression + 前に/後に

Time expression (before/ ago) (later, after)

Noun + /でない


-adj (plain, np) + resultant


-adj + /でない clause


Verbs (plain, np)

conditionals

Root of ます form (ex:食べ) + なさい

Formal command

Root + e-column hiragana (ex: 買え、話せ、乗れ)

Plain command (female speakers do not use, unless used to quote)

-form + +< いけない、ならない、だめだ、こまる

You must not (do...)

Dictionary form +

Don't...

-adj: root + (小さい=小さく)


-adj: root + (きれい=きれいに)

Adverbial form of adjs