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36 Cards in this Set

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What is the earliest example of executive power:
Royal Govenors
Article II requirements for Pres?
35 years old, 14 years US resident, a natural born citizen
Tenure of Office?
4 year terms with no limits
The 22nd Amendment now limits to two four year terms (total of 10 years in office)
Electoral college:
Incorporates the Connecticut Compromise
-protects small states
-538 electors total (add reps and senate) DC gets 3
12th Amendment (1804):
separate elections for pres and VP
Order of Succession:
President
Vice President
Speaker of the House
President Pro Tempore of the Senate
Secretary of state, treasure, defense
Jobs of the VP:
assume office is pres can't, preside over senate and break ties, little power
How are VP's chosen?
-Geographical balance
-bring part back together at convention
-Achieve social/cultural balance
-used to overcome shortcomings
What is the ultimate check on the president?
Removal!!
How many votes to remove pres?
2/3rds of the senate
2 presidents that were impeached?
Andrew Johnson and William Jefferson Clinton
Powers of the president:
Legislative Agenda, chief-of-state, treaty, chief executive, veto, appointment, commander-in-chief, chief diplomat, pardoning power
3 types of powers:
Express, Implied, Inherent
Chief Executive power:
Carry out laws
head of state powers:
foreign policy
Chief Legislature:
veto legislation
Constitutional Powers:
Appointment power (executive officers, ambassadors, military, federal judges) and Pardoning Powers (provide restoration to individual charged of a crime)
Head of State Powers:
power to make treaties (formal agreements, 2/3 vote of senate, executive agreements), receive ambassadors, commander and chief
Executive agreements:
agreements entered into by the president and don't require senate approval
Quasi-treaties:
not binding and only with the president currently in office
Line-item veto:
Veto part of the bill instead of the whole thing
Controversial Powers:
Executive privilege (some info does not have to be disclosed to congress or the courts), Presidential Signing Statements (written pronouncement by the pres. made when signing a bill into law)
The Power and success of the presidency is dependent on:
personality, informal powers, goals, timing of events
Washington's Precedents:
established primacy of the national gov't, established cabinet system, prominence of chief executive in foreign affairs, claimed inherent powers
John Adams:
-emergence of political parties
Thomas Jefferson:
-Role of the president in the legislative process and as party leader
Constitutional Approach:
Taftian- Legislative primacy
Stewardship Approach:
Modern- presidency primacy
Andrew Jackson:
Made extensive use of veto, reasserted the supremacy of the national govt.
Modern presidency begins when:
With FDR
What does the Modern President have to do:
lead a large gov't (bureaucracy), play an active and leading role in foreign and domestic policy, play a strong legislative role, and use technology to get 'close to Americans'
How did FDR shift the president's powers?
shifted the powers from that of simply executing policy to making it
What the public expects from the president today:
formulate legislative plans, construct coalitions within congress,
Office of Management and Budget:
prepares the president's annual budget proposal, reviews the budget and programs of the executive departments, supplies economic forecasts, and conducts detailed analyses of proposed bills and agency rules
Executive Orders:
a rule or regulation issued by the president that has the effect of law
National Security Council:
the president's principle forum for considering national security and foreign policy matters
-includes the Pres, VP, sec of state, sec of treasury, sec of defenses, and the assistant to the president for national security affairs