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25 Cards in this Set

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Attachment for the anterior part of the hip joint capsule

Intertrochanteric line

Inside lg't of the head of the femur?

Inside lg't of the head of the femur?

= Ligamentum teres,
pelvis -> fovea capitis
inside: a. of the head of the femur

= Ligamentum teres,


pelvis -> fovea capitis


inside: a. of the head of the femur

Where are vv.'s & n.?

Where are vv.'s & n.?

Superior gluteal vv.'s & n. travel between gluteus minimus (deep) & medius.

Superior gluteal vv.'s & n. travel between gluteus minimus (deep) & medius.

External rotation of the hip m.'s

Obturator internus + gemelli


Quadratus femoris m.


Piriformis m.


Gluteus maximus m.

Internal rotation of the hip m.'s

Gluteus medius & minimus mm;


TFL (tensor fasciae latae)

Balance m.' of the hip

Gluteus maximus (by tensing the iliotibial tract)


TFL* m. (by tensing the iliotibial tract)


Abductor mm. (gluteus medius & minimus)

Testing strength of hip m.'s

Trendelenburg test


Tests strength of gluteus medius/minumus m.'s & stability of the hip joint




test is + contralaterally when the pelvis drops on the side where the foot is lifted from the floor

Posterior thigh m.'s

Hamstrings


Medial: Semimebranosus, Semitendinosus


Lateral: Biceps femoris (long & short head)




Most: O = ischial tuberosity; N = tibial n.


BFSH: N = common fibular n.

Iliotibial band syndrome

Iliotibial band passes over


lateral femoral condyle




Can be irritated by repeated flexion of the knee.

Anatomic variation of


Sciatic n.

Tibial division - always inferior to piriformis m.


Fibular division - wrt/ piriformis m.:


87% inferior


12% through


1% superior

Intramuscular injection

Must avoid superior gluteal & sciatic n.'s




-> inject in the upper right quadrant of the gluteal region

Blood supply of the posterior thigh

Perforating branches from deep femoral a.


-> penetrate the insertion of adductor magnus




- anastosmosis w/ branches of


medial & lateral femoral circumflex vv.'s


& inferior gluteal vv.'s


= cruciate anastosmosis

Innervation of the gluteal area & posterior thigh

Upper sacral n. roots


Medial & lateral femoral circumflex a.'s
= branches of deep femoral a.

Medial & lateral femoral circumflex a.'s


= branches of deep femoral a.

Perthes disease

Perthes disease

= avascular necrosis of head of the femur due to insufficient blood supply
- Anastosmosis only after closure of the epiphyseal plate

= avascular necrosis of head of the femur due to insufficient blood supply


- Anastosmosis only after closure of the epiphyseal plate