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43 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Under the US Constitution, what happens if a state law conflicts with a federal law?
the federal law takes precedence
The Cabinet meets only at the request of the
President
Congress was given the power to levy and collect income taxes by the adoption of the
16th Amendment
What special power does the Governor have?
Vetoing items of appropriation bills
A bill is a proposed law and does not become a law until it has been
passed by both houses of Congress & approved (signed) by the President
A constitutional right which protects the individual against unjust imprisonment is known as
Habeas corpus
The famous U.S. Supreme Court that declared segregation in public school unconstitutional was called
Brown vs Board of Education
Since federal judges are appointed by the President of the U.S., the constitution specifies that these judges hold office for
for life unless removed by impeachment
The U.S. Constitution gives the national government sole power over
foreign affairs
The U.S. Constitution requires that the President meet the following qualifications (3 things)
Be a natural born citizen
At least 35 years of age
Resident of U.S. for at least 14 years
U.S. Senators are elected for terms of how many years?
six years
The amendment to the U.S. Constitution can be changed by the amending process. Proposed amendments can be ratified and become effective when they are approved by
a three-fifths vote of those persons voting on the amendment at a general election
Powers not delegated to the U.S. Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the states, are reserved to the
states
The most basic idea of our constitutional system, found in the Declaration of Independence, is that
Government derives its power from the people
When displayed from the wall of crossed staffs, the U.S. flag should be
to its own right (the viewer's left), with its staff in front of the other staffs
Concurrent powers are powers that can be exercised by
both the national and state government
When the flags of two or more nations are displayed together
the flags of two or more nations should be approximately equal size and flown at the same height during peacetime
The first instance of the U.S. Supreme Court's use of the power of judicial review was in the case of:
Marbury vs Madison
Article VI of the U.S. Constitution provides that:
the Constitution, national laws, and U.S. treaties are the supreme laws of the land
When should the U.S. flag be flown upside down?
Only as a signal of distress
The Preamble to the U.S. Constitution emphasizes that the power of government is...
derived from the people
The U.S. Congress is required to meet at least:
Once each year
How are each state's Electoral votes divided?
All go to the candidate who wins the majority of the popular vote in that state
The Constitution of the U.S. requires that the President be elected by the:
Electoral college
By action of Congress, the membership of the U.S. House of Representatives is set at
435
To convict a person for treason, the Government must:
Present testimony of al least two witnesses to the same treasonous act or secure a confession in open court
Primarily, the determination of eligibility requirements for voting is the responsibility of:
the states
U.S. Citizenship is defined by which amendment?
14th Amendment
The Bill of Rights of the U.S. Constitution refers to:
the first ten amendments
By constitutional authority, the President of the U.S. has some military powers. One power is:
function as commander-in-chief of the army and navy.
The U.S. Constitution provides for a federal system of government which is charcterized by:
the division of power between the national government and the state governments
Amendment XXII of the U.S. Constitution states that no person shall be elected to the office of President for more than:
two terms
When flags of states, cities, or localities are flown on the same halyard with the flag of the U.S., the U.S. flag:
should always be at the peak
In foreign affairs, the authority to recogize countries and governments resides with the:
President of the U.S.
Congress has the power to:
Levy and collect taxes

Borrow money on the credit of the U.S.

Coin money and regulate its value
The first three articles of the U.S. Constitution provide the constitutional basis for the principle known as:
separation of powers
The U.S. Constitution provides that membership in the House of Representatives be apportioned among the states according to each state's:
total population
Among the many issues facing the delgates at the Constitutional Convention of 1787, one of the most difficult was determining the method to be used in electing:
the President of the U.S.
The Declaration of Independance is considered to be one of the most significant documents in the history of man's struggle for freedom. The man most responsible for the actual writing of the document was:
Thomas Jefferson
The Constitution of the U.S. forbids the states to pass any ex post facto law. What is the definition of "ex post facto"?
It means "after the fact". New laws passed by the states cannot be applied to crimes that were committed before the law was made.
If the office of Governor becomes vacant, the position is taken by the:
Lieutenant Governor
The presiding officer of the U.S. House of Representatives is the:
Speaker of the House
The powers granted to the U.S. Congress by Article I of the U.S. Constitution are called
delegated powers