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32 Cards in this Set

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a single piece of film uninterrupted by cuts

establishing shot

often a long shot or series of shots that establish a scene

long shot

shot from a long distance; full body

medium shot

most commonly used; medium length from the object being shot


the image being shot takes up at lease 80% of the frame

extreme close-up

takes up the frame as a whole like an eye or hand

two shot

a scene between two people exclusively from one angle; used in conversation

eye level

shot taken from normal height

high angle

camera is above the subject; makes the subject look smaller than normal or less powerful

low angle

camera looks up at the subject; makes subject look large and powerful


stationary camera that moves side to side


camera pivots up and down along a vertical axis


camera moves to make an object seem closer or further away; used during character revealing moments


camera is on a track that allows it to move with the action


camera is on a crane over the action; overhead shots

high key lighting

scene is flooded with light; bright

low key lighting

scene is flooded with shadows; darkness

bottom lighting

direct lighting from below

side lighting

direct lighting from one side

front lighting

soft lighting on the actor's face; halo effect

back lighting

strong lighting behind the subject


most common editing technique; two pieces of film are spliced together to cut to another image


kind of fade in when one image is replaced by another


new image wipes off the previous image


cut or dissolve to an image that has happened in the past


a shot of one subject, then another, then back to the first

cross cutting

cut into action that is happening simultaneously

point of view

shows what things look like from the perspective of someone or something in the scene

eye-line match

cut to an object, then to a person; shows what a person seems to be looking at


can be from black or white; start in darkness and gradually assumes full brightness (fade in) or vice versa (fade out)

diegetic sound

sound that would be logically heard by the characters in the film

non-diegetic sound

sound that could not be heard by the characters but is designed to be heard by the audience