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53 Cards in this Set

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Sumptuary laws are

c. laws that regulate expenditures on luxury goods such as clothing and furnishings

Of the various motivations for dress, which is the one generally acknowledged to be the primary motive?

c. decoration

The word zeitgeist is a German word that means...

a. the spirit of the times

Draped clothing is...
c. made by pinning, folding, pleating, and/or belting fabrics around the body.

Which of the following is an accurate statement about fashion?

c. Fashion appears to have originated in Western Europe during the Middle Ages.

The word tunic is generally applied to a garment that is described as follows:

D-a garment to cover the torso that has an opening for the head and arms and is roughly T-shaped.
The garments of the civilizations of the ancient world were, with few notable exceptions, draped rather than tailored. T/F
A-true
The closest modern equivalent to what archeologist call a "fibula" would be...
e. a safety pin

The name of some authors give to the skirt-like garment worn by Egyptian men and women is...

b. schenti
animal skins were worn by priests and kings as upper body coverings because
c. the believed the powers of the animal would be magically transferred to the wearer.

Woolen garments were worn by Egyptian priests when they served in their ceremonial roles in the temples. T/F

b. False

Which of the following textile fibers were most extensively used in ancient Egypt?

c. linen

The evidence found to date indicates that only Egyptian women were tattooed. T/F

a. True

The Minoans lived..

c. the island of Crete

What is the name of the garment described here: A garment for men and women that was cut full and pinned with a number of small pins over the arms...

a. Ionic chiton

The name of the garment in which Greek philosophers were most likely to be depicted was

c. himation

Under this garment the philosopher would most likely be shown as wearing

e. nothing

Infants in ancient Greece were wrapped in bands of fabric, a practice called

b. swaddling

The components of Greek military costume included a close-fitting, shaped body armor that, in modern terminology, is called:

a. cuirass

The Hercules knot, the stephane, and laurel wreath were all part of Greek costume for

a. a bride

Which of the following garments was restricted in use to male Roman citizens?

e. toga

Which of the following garments would be worn by a respectable married Roman woman?

e. stola

Pallium, himation, chlamys, and paludamentum all fall under the general category of

c. mantles

If a Roman man said he was going to "put on the sagum" he meant that

b. he was going to war

A Roman woman who wore a saffron-colored palla, six pads of artificial hair, and a flammeum would have been

a. a bride

The most elaborately cut, fitted, and patterned garments of any of those classical antiquity were the clothes of

e. Crete

Wool was the fabric most used by poor people during the Middle Ages. T/F

a. True

One of the most important elements of Byzantine costumes was

c. jewelry

How were married and older women distinguished from unmarried younger women in the 10 &11 centuries?

a. Unmarried women wore their hair loose and uncovered.

The reason given for the developement of long, pointed toed shoes in the 12th century by a monk of the time was

c. A local count wanted to hide his bunions

These long pointed shoes were called

d. a (poulines) and c (pulley-toes)

During the 14th century what had been called cote in women's dress was called a gown. T/F

a. true

During the 14th and 15th centuries styles for men and women began to change much more rapidly than had been the case in earlier centuries. T/F

a. true

The 15th century jacket was worn with

c. hose

Until they reached the age of four or five, boys of the 15th century were dressed the same as girls. T/F

a. true

The costume of students of the Middle Ages served as the basis for modern academic gowns. T/F

a. true

The custom of buttoning men's coats from the left over the right probably originated from the construction of medieval plate armor. T/F

a. true

The period which we call the Renaissance

b. grew out of a renewed interest in the writings and art of classical antiquity

Among the developments of the Renaissance that continues in use in present-day life can be included
The plays of William Shakespeare, patterns and styles in textile fabrics, the invention of gunpowder (as a propellant), and styles in furniture
e. all of the above
Which of the following descriptions most accurately reflects the overall character of women's clothing during the Italian Renaissance of the 15th century?
b. Lavish use of opulent fabrics gave garments of relatively straight cut a splendid appearance and rich decorative effects were achieved by carefully manipulating layers of garments.
A ferroniere was
b. a chain of metal or pearls worn across the forehead with a jeweled decoration located at the center of the forehead

The word "chopines" means

a. a high, platform-soled shoe

The word camicia in Italian refers to

e. a ( a man's shirt) and b (a woman's chemise)

Spain became a major imfluence in both politics and fashions in the 16th century because

a. it gained enormous wealth as a result of Columbus' voyage to the New World

Intermarriage amoung memebers of royal families from different parts of Europe helped to spread fashions from one region to another. T/F

a. True

The development of the fashion for wide, stiff neck ruffs came about, in part, because

b. skills for making lace developed rapidly during the 16th century

The slashed decoration with contrasting fabric linings underneath are supposed to have originated

c. with the Swiss army

A major change in the fit of stockings came about

c. when knitting machines were invented at the time of Queen Elizabeth I

Which of the following were NOT elements of men's costume during the 16th century in Northern Europe?

c. farthingales

Which of the following are undergarments today, but were a visible part of the outer garments in the 16th century

a. petticoats

Which garment is called a conch?

b. Sheer, gauze-like veils worn cape-like over the shoulders, with high, standing collar behind the head.

Which garment is called a farthingale?

a. Dresses with enormous skirts worn over a wheelshaped device.

The material used for stuffing trunk hose and doublets to achieve a fashionable silhouette in the 16th century was called, in England,
a. bombast