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41 Cards in this Set

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According to our textbook, the current rise in global sea level can be attributed to ________.

melting of glaciers

Which of the following helps determine past climate on the basis of tree rings?

dendrochronology

Over the ENTIRE past 70 million years there has been ________.
a global cooling
For the ENTIRE last 10,000 years Earth temperatures can be ________

warm and fairly steady

Oxygen isotope analysis is used when studying _________ and climate change.

ice cores

Isotopes are atoms of the same element that have different numbers of ________ in their nuclei.

neutrons

Oxygen isotopes can cause long-term climate change, True or False?

False.

_________________ refers to the shape of the Earth's orbit and varies over a period of 100,000 years.

Eccentricity

The Earth's axis wobbles like a top over an approximate period of _____________.

26,000 years

___________________ refers to the variation in the Earth's axial tilt, which varies from 22.1° to 24.5° from the vertical.

Obliquity

The oceans add significant amounts of carbon dioxide to the atmosphere, true or false?

False.

A ________________ will amplify a change to a system. One example is if global climate were to cool, ice would expand and would reflect back more incoming radiation, leading to further cooling.

positive feedback mechanism

True or False: Humid continental climates is influenced by moist ocean bodies.
False. Humid continental climates are found in the middle of land masses, far from the ocean.

True or False: Humid continental climates are found in both the northern and southern hemisphere.
False


What does the climate look like in the Ice Cap?


a) Cold, wet,


b)cold, dry


c) cold, icy

B. Cold, dry

True or False


The snow of the Ice Cap protect the Earth from heating up?

True.
True or False:

Tropical cyclones are common weather systems within the subarctic regions?

False
What causes the lack of rain within subarctic climates?

a. Wind


b. Ocean currents


c. Cold temp


d. All of the above

C. Cold temp
Which are types of air pollution? Select all that apply.

A) Car Exhaust


B) Burning Forests


C) Factories


D) Aerosols

A,B,C, D.

Which location best fits an A-type climate?

A) Papua New Guinea


B) Australia


C) Antarctica


D) Mediterranean Sea

A. Papua New Guinea

True or False: In order to be classified as a desert climate it must have an average temperature above 86°F?
False
Desert climates are broken down into what two categories?

A. Hot and Humid


B. Hot and Arid


C. Hot and Cold


D. Hot and Wet

C. Hot and cold.


Which type of desert climate gets more precipitation?


A) Hot Desert Climate


B) Cold Desert Climate


C) They get equal amounts


D) They both get no precipitation


B) cold desert climate
Hot Desert Climates are most often found in subtropical regions. True or False?
True


In the polar climates, what contributes the most to the bitter cold temperatures?


A. Low Sun Angles


B. Seasonal Variation in the Day Length


(sun light hours)


C. A High Albedo (reflected Insolation)


D. All of the Above

D. All of the above

True or False: The majority of Greenland is considered Tundra (ET).
False

True or False: Polar climates relate to the surrounding Ocean as well?
True

Which of these statements is NOT true of Humid Subtropical climate zones?

A.) Summers are hot and humid


B.) Winter temperatures typically drop below zero


C.) Located on the east coasts of continents

D.) Sydney, Australia is considered a Humid Subtropical zone
B. Winter temperatures typically drop below zero.

True or False: Humid Subtopical climates are found ONLY in the Southern Hemisphere.
False


The yearly range in temperature in the tropical humid climate throughout the year is?


A) 36 to 38 °F


B) 36 to 37°F


C) 35 to 36°F

B. 36-37 degrees


Which of the following statements is incorrect? The principal regions with a tropical climate in the Southern Hemisphere are:


A) Amazon Basin in Brazil


B) Southern Canada


C) Congo Basin in West Africa


D) Indonesia

B. Southern Canada

Tropical climates are the most affected by:

A. ITCZ


B. El Nino


C. Albedo


D. Humboldt Current

A. ITCZ

Which one is NOT one of the subtypes of Tropical Climate?

A. Tropical Monsoon


B. Tropical Tundra


C. Tropical Rain Forest


D. Tropical Savanna

B. Tropical Tundra

How long does summer last in the Tundra?

A) 6-10 months


B) 6-10 weeks


C) 4-8 months


D) 4-8 weeks

B. 6-10 weeks.


what is Albedo?


A) The maximum stream flow with out causing a flood


B) A flat disk of dim reddish light that forms high in the atmosphere


C) Albedo is the fraction of solar energy reflected back into space


D) a plant species adapted to the constantly wet conditions of wetlands

C. The fraction of solar energy reflected back into space.


In what three locations can the less common subtype form of the Mediterranean climate (Csb) be found?


A. Coastal California, Mediterranean Sea, Central Chile


B. Southwestern Australia, southwestern South Africa, Central Asia


C. Northwestern Iberia, Parts of Southern Australia, Coastal California


C. Northwestern Iberia, Parts of Southern Australia, and Coastal California.

The Mediterranean climate has two seasons which are? Select all that apply

A. Winter


B. Spring


C. Fall


D. Summer

A. Winter


D. Summer

Large Variations in precipitation between seasons, generally associated with shifts in wind direction is known as which of the following:

A) Cyclone


B) Hurricane


C) Monsoon


D) Tsunami

C. Monsoon

True or False: Humid Subtropical Climates are wet year-round and have hot summers with relatively short and intermittent cold seasons.
True.

True or false

Ice caps are in the north and south poles.

True

Which is the colder climate: polar ice caps, or polar tundra

A) Polar Ice Caps


B) Polar Tundra

A. Polar ice caps