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31 Cards in this Set

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Lincoln's 10% plan

a southern state could be readmitted into the Union once 10 percent of its voters pledged allegiance to the Union

Freedman's Bureau

help former black slaves and poor whites in the South in the aftermath of the U.S. Civil War

Texas Constitution of 1876

Current constitution

Texxas gubernational Election of 1860

Houston wins

Development of Railroads

was one of the most important phenomena of the Industrial Revolution

Red river wars

military campaign launched by the United States Army in 1874 to remove the Comanche, Kiowa, Southern Cheyenne, and Arapaho Native American tribes from the Southern Plains and forcibly relocate them to reservations in Indian Territory

Demise of Bison

Due to overhunting by Texans

Cattle Drives

Moving cattle from one place to another

Sharecropping

system of agriculture in which a landowner allows a tenant to use the land in return for a share of the crops produced on their portion of land.

Lumber Industry

Produced big number and it's bonanza period was taking place

Cotton Culture

Slave labor replaced by tenant farming andsharecropping

Disenfranchisement of Blacks

Series of laws, new constitutions and practices aimed deliberately at blacks rights

Populist Party

Pushed for graduated income tax, better working conditions and pay (as well as free coining of silver)... Did not accomplish anything

James Stephen Hogg reforms

Anti Trust legislation, anti lynching, Texas railroad commission, bring blacks into Texas democratic party

Galveston Storm of 1900

Largest hurricane disaster in history; impetus for city commission form of government

Life at the turn of the century

Few steam tractors and mechanized farms, gas and electricity available in large communities, few automobiles, no paved roads outside of cities

Leisure Activities

Divided between race, horse racing

Education

1883: State real estate/property tax to support school, 1884: school districts under supervision of county judges, minorities are separate but not equal

Literature and Music

H.A. McArdle- painter, Elisabeth Ney- sculptor, Scott Joplin, Blind Lemon Jefferson, Huddy "leadbelly" Ledbetter

Spindletop

salt dome oil field located in the southern portion of Beaumont, Texas

Beamount Texas (before/after)

Before: Small farming community and Mill town, in 1901: the boom town

Pattillo Higgins

Founder of oil at spindletop

Columbus "Dad" Joiner

Schemer,raised funds to drill in east texas through fragility of elderly women ¾)ZV^j

H.L. Hunt

Wins oilfield over poker, wells produce 500,000 barrels/year with no sign of yielding

Progressive movement

is the term applied to a variety of responses to the economic and social problems rapid industrialization introduced to America

National Progressive Reforms

16-19th Amendment, Pure food and drug act,Meat inspection act, child labor laws

Four factors leading to progressivism in Texas

Texas Economy, Political and Cultural climate, Reforms themselves, Federal Government

White primaries

elections in the south that only allowed whites to vote

Texas reforms:

Tax insurance, protection of funds, municipal government, labor laws, prison reform, prohibition and womens suffrage

Texas women at the turn of the century

No right to vote, right to sue and make contracts, could own property with restrictions, single women had more legal rights

Employment of women

only 8% employed outside of the home