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16 Cards in this Set

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Someone with whom we have an affectionate relationship

Reinforcement-affect add affect model

The theory that we like people with whom we associate positive feelings and dislike those with whom we associate negative feelings.

Domain- general model

A model that attempts to explain a wide range of different behaviors, according to a simple general rule (such as; do it if it's rewarding)

Social exchange

The trading of benefits within relationships.


A state of affairs in which one person's benefits and costs from a relationship are proportional to the benefits and costs incurred by his or her partner.

Domain- specific model

A model that presumes that the governing principles vary from one domain of behavior to another (such as friendship versus romance versus parent- child relationship)

Social support

Emotional, material, or informational assistance provided by other people.

Health psychology

The study of behavioral and psychological factors that affect illness.

Self - disclosure

The sharing of intimate information about oneself.

Communal sharing

A form of exchange in which members of a group share a pool of resources, taking when they are in need and giving when others are in need.

Authority ranking

A form of exchange in which goods are divided according to a person's status in the group.

Equality matching

A form of exchange in which each person gets the same as the others.

Market pricing

A form of exchange in which everyone gets out in proportion to what they put in.

Proximity -attraction principle

The tendency to become friends with those who live or work nearby.

Mere exposure effect

The tendency to feel positively toward people, places, or things we have seen frequently.

Social capital

Assets that can be drawn from one's network of personal relationships.