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58 Cards in this Set

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Who would not be one of the people who determines building construction used in a structure?



A) Architect


B) Structural Engineer


C) Building Manager


D) Contractor

C) Building Manager



The type of building construction used in a structure is determined by the architect, structural engineer, or contractor

Locally adopted building ________ regulate the type of construction based on the intended use, structure size, and presence or lack of an automatic fire suppression system



A) Standards


B) Codes


C) Policies


D) Guidelines

B) Codes

Building codes are adopted by the __________



A) Authority Having Jurisdiction


B) Local Government


C) Structure Engineer


D) NFPA

A) Authority Having Jurisdiction

NFPA ________, Building Construction and Safety Code



A) 5000


B) 1500


C) 4000


D) 1700

A) 5000

True or False?



Factory built homes are generally exempt from local building codes

True

Factory built homes are regulated by the US Federal Government through the ______________



A) NFPA


B) Department of Housing and Urban Development


C) International Code Council


D) Authority Having Jurisdiction

B) Department of Housing and Urban Development

The IBC and NFPA classify buildings into _______ types of construction



A) 4


B) 6


C) 5


D) 3

C) 5

Name the 3 building elements every building is composed of

1) Structural Frame


2) Floor Construction


3) Roof Construction

Type I construction



A) Ordinary


B) Fire Resistive


C) Noncombustible


D) Wood or Stick Frame

B) Fire Resistive

This type of construction proves the highest level of protection from fire development and spread as well as collapse

Type I

In Type 1 Construction, walls, floors and ceilings must be able to resist fire for a period of ___ to ___ hours



A) 2-3


B) 1-2


C) 3-4


D) 4-5

C) 3-4

This type of construction is said to be the most collapse resistant

Type I

The protection by fire walls can be _________ when owners and contractors make unprotected penetrations through them



A) Reduced


B) Increased

A) Reduced

True or False?



Type I construction can burn but will not degrade from the effects of the fire

False



Type I construction will not burn, but the structure may degrade from the effects of the fire

True or False?



The structural integrity of a Type I building can be compromised with the addition of combustible materials

True

In Type 1 construction, _______ are extremely difficult to penetrate for the purpose of ventilation



A) Windows


B) Doors


C) Roofs


D) Celings

C) Roofs

Buildings that are composed of materials that will not contribute to fire development or spread

Type II

Type ___ (Noncombustible or Limited Combustible)

Type II

The rating assigned to a material or assembly after standardized testing by an independent organization: identifies the amount of time a material or assembly will resist a typical fire

Fire-Resistance Rating

The fire resistance rating for Type II construction is generally how long?



A) 1-2 Hours


B) 2-3 Hours


C) 3-4 Hours


D) 4-5 Hours

A) 1-2 Hours

These buildings are more prone to collapse because they are constructed of lighter weight materials with lower fire-resistive ratings



A) Type I


B) Type III


C) Type IV
D) Type II

D) Type II

True or False?



Type III construction is normally used when fire risk is expected to be low, or fire suppression and detection systems are designed to meet the fuel load of the contents

False



Type II Construction

Type ____ (Ordinary Construction)

Type III

This type of construction is commonly found in older schools, business, and residential structures



A) Type IV


B) Type V


C) Type II
D) Type III

Type III

This construction type requires that exterior walls and structural members be constructed of noncombustible materials



A) Type I


B) Type II


C) Type III


D) Type IV

C) Type III

Type ____ construction buildings may contain a number of conditions that can affect their behavior during a fire

Type III

Solid Materials used to prevent or limit the vertical and horizontal spread of fire and the products of combustion in hollow walls or floors, above false ceilings, in penetrations for plumbing or electrical installations, in penetrations of a fire rated assembly, or in cocklofts and crawl spaces

Fire Stop

Type ___ construction has interior features that are made of wood and exterior walks and supports that are noncombustible

Type III

These can reduce the amount of open area in void spaces in which fire can travel



A) Load-Bearing Wall


B) Fire Stops


C) Joists


D) Fire Walls

B) Fire Stops

True or False?



Renovations can cause safety hazards

True



Renovations can change the interior arrangement, exit paths and structural integrity of a structure

Type ____ (Heavy Timber/ Mill Construction)

IV

Type ___ is characterized by the use of large-dimensioned lumber

Type IV

As a general rule in Type IV construction, structural members must be greater than ___ inches



A) 7


B) 8


C) 9


D) 10

B) 8

Type IV construction has a fire resistive rating of ___ hours



A) 3


B) 1


C) 2


D) 4

C) 2

Any other materials used in construction and not composed of wood must have a fire-resistance rating of at least __ hour/s



A) 1


B) 2


C) 3


D) 4

A) 1

Type __ structures are extremely stable and resistant to collapse due to the sheer mass of their structural members

Type IV

In Type IV, the _____ structural elects form an insulating effect derived from it's own char that reduces heat penetration to the inside of the beam



A) Plastic


B) Concrete


C) Timber


D) Particle Board

C) Timber

In Type __, exterior walls are constructed of noncombustible materials while interior elements are constructed of solid or laminated wood with no concealed spaces

Type IV

Small-dimensioned lumber that is glued together to form a laminated structural element that may fail when exposed to fire because the glue holding the laminates together may be affected by the heat

Glulam Elements

Type __ (Wood or Stick Frame)

Type V

Walls of a building that by design carry at least some part of the structural load of the building in the direction of the ground or base

Load-Bearing Wall

In Type V construction, the exterior load-bearing walls are composed entirely of ______



A) Concrete


B) Composite Materials


C) Wood


D) Gypsum

C) Wood

The most common example of this type of construction is a single-family dwelling or residence

Type V

Type V, construction consists of framing materials that include wood __x__ or __x__ inch studs



A) 3x3, 2x4


B) 2x4, 2x6


C) 3x4, 3x6


D) 4x6, 2x4

B) 2x4, 2x6

An upright post in the framework of a wall for supporting sheets of lath and plaster, wallboard, or similar material



A) Joist


B) Veneer


C) Stud


D) Plank

C) Stud

Most structures built in the northern climates mandate __ inch exterior wall cavities for increased insulation



A) 4


B) 6


C) 8


D) 10

B) 6

True or False?



Shake shingles increase the fire load in a neighborhood

True

Type __ construction now includes the use of prefabricated wood truss systems in place of solid floor joists

Type V

Under fire conditions, _______ I-beams fail and burn much more rapidly than solid lumber



A) Particle Board


B) Plywood


C) Synthetic Wood


D) Medium-density Fiberboard

B) Plywood

Wood I-beams have a _______ surface area than solid lumber and are a liability in fire conditions



A) Lower


B) Higher

B) Higher

A ________ is a structure that i built in a factory and shipped to the location where it is installed

Manufactured Home

Manufactured homes make up ___ percent of all housing sales in the US



A) 20


B) 40


C) 25


D) 35

C) 25

True or False



Manufactured homes are not required to conform to the model building codes

True

Manufactured homes built before ____ have ______ fire resistance than those of current construction



A) 1967, More


B) 1976, Less


C) 1976, More


D) 1967, Less

B) 1976, Less

True or False?



Even though lightweight building materials are used in manufactured homes, that are not very susceptible to early failure in a fire



False



Lightweight building materials are always very susceptible to early failure in a fire

The use of lightweight materials makes forced entry much _________



A) Harder


B) Easier

B) Easier

Manufactured homes may have open crawl spaces beneath them which provides an additional source for ________ during a fire



A) Carbon Dioxide


B) Carbon Monoxide


C) Nitrogen


D) Oxygen

D) Oxygen

According to an NFPA analysis of fires, there has been a steady ______ in fires in manufactured homes since ________



A) Decline, 1990


B) Increase, 1980


C) Decline, 1980


D) Increase, 1990

C) Decline, 1980