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32 Cards in this Set

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Levothyroxine

Thyroid hormone:


To treat hypothyroidism, myxedema, and cretinism

Repository Corticotropin

Pituitary adrenocorticotropic hormone


To diagnose adrenocortical disorders; acts as antiinflammatory agent; to treat acute MS

Prednisone (Deltasone)

Adrenal hormone: glucocorticoid


To decrease inflammatory occurrence; as an immunosuppressant; to treat dermatologic disorders


Humalog (Lispro)

Antidiabetic: insulin-rapid acting


To control diabetes mellitus; to lower blood sugar


Regular Humulin R

Antidiabetic: insulin-short acting


To control diabetes mellitus; to lower blood sugar


Humulin N

Antidiabetic: insulin-intermediate-acting


To control diabetes mellitus; to lower blood sugar


Glargine (Lantus)

Antidiabetic: insulin-long-acting


To control diabetes mellitus; to lower blood sugar


glipizide ( Glucotrol )

sulfonylurea, second-generation


To control hyperglycemia in type 2 diabetes mellitus

metformin (Glucophage)

biguanide


To control hyperglycemia in type 2 diabetes mellitus


latanoprost (Xalatan)

Prostaglandin analogue


Decreases IOP in open-angle glaucoma; may have a role in narrow-angle glaucoma, but more studies needed.

Mafenide Acetate (Sulfamylon Cream)

Topical anti-infective


To treat second- and third-degree burns; to prevent organism invasion of burned tissue areas; to treat burn infections


Glipizide: Contraindications

diabetic ketoacidosis

Glipizide: adverse reactions

hypoglycemia, tachycardia

Glucagon: stimulates

glycogen breakdown

Glucagon: counteracts __________ effects

insulin

Metformin: hold when?

48 hours prior to and after IV contrast dye due to increased risk of lactic acidosis or renal failure****

Sulfonylureas: Hypoglycemic reaction:

Similar to those of insulin**
More frequent in older patients***

Hypoglycemia: if insulin induced

correct by glucagon

Hypoglycemia: administer

Dextrose 50% IV

Major complication of Insulin use:

Hypoglycemia—glucose < 70

Rapid Acting: Humalog (Onset, Peak, Duration)

Onset: 5-15 min
Peak: 30-90 min
Duration: 2-5 hr

Intermediate Acting: Onset, Peak, Duration

Onset: 1-2 hr
Peak: 6-12 hr
Duration: 18-24 hr

Short Acting: Onset, Peak, Duration

Onset: 30 min
Peak: 2-4 hr
Duration: 6-8 hr

Long-Acting: Onset, Peak, Duration

Onset: 1 hr
Peak: NONE
Duration: 24 hr

Insulin may be administered in adjusted doses that depended on _______________

individual blood glucose test results (sliding scales)

Glucose Levels: Prediabetes

>120 fasting

Symptoms of diabetes (the three P's)

Polyuria-increase urination, Polydipsia-increased thirst, Polyphagia-increased hunger

Non-insulin-dependant diabetes mellitus (NIDDM)

Type 2 Diabetes

Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus (IDDM)

Type 1 Diabetes

Maturity-onset or Adult-onset diabetes

Type 2 Diabetes

Juvenile-Onset Diabetes

Type 1 Diabetes

Metformin

doesn't cause hypo or hyperglycemia