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163 Cards in this Set

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The autonomic nervous subsystem has sympathetic nerves and ________nerves

Parasympathetic

The technical term for constricted pupils is

Miosis

You examine the subject that is under the combined influence of PCP and cocaine and you observe that the subject exhibits HGN. This is an example of the _______ effect.

Overlapping

Which of the following drugs usually cause HGN? Methamphetamine, Valium, Peyote, Marijuana, Cocaine

Valium CNS depressant and anti-tranquilizer

Adderall is an example of what drug category? CNS stimulants, narcotic analgesics, hallucinogens, CNS depressants, disassociative anesthetics.

CNS stimulants

Which of the following usually will be present with a subject impaired by MDMA? Blood pressure will be lowered, eyes will not be able to converge, HGN will be present, pulse rate will be lowered, pupils will be dilated.

Pupils will be dilated

Unless it is physically impossible to do so, the DRE will always use the _______ pulse point to measure a subject's pulse rate.

Left radial

Which of the following is not a drug from the hallucinogen drug category? MDMA, STP, MDA, 2CB, THC

THC

Amphetamines produce the same effects as cocaine with the exception of? Pupil dilation, elevated pulse rate, anesthesia, elevated blood pressure, no exception both produce the exact same effects listed above.

Anesthesia

The gap between two new cells is called the______.

Synapse

How many validated clues have been established for the modified Romberg balance test?

None

How many validated clues have been established for the walk and turn test?

Eight

The DRE average range for pupil size in room light is_______?

2.5mm to 5.0mm

The drug _______is an example of a synthetic narcotic analgesic? Dilaudid, percodan, Demerol, codeine, Oxycodone

Demerol

The drug _______ is an example of an anti-anxiety tranquilizer? Xanax, Thorazine, Elavil, Amobarbital, Chloral Hydrate

Xanax

In blood pressure measurement, the lower number is called the________ pressure.

Distolic

Which of the following drugs is a disassociative anesthetic? Heroin, Thorazine, DMX, methadone, cocaine.

DMX

Which of the following drugs usually will not cause the pupils to dilate? MDMA, methaqualone, methamphetamine, peyote, PCP.

PCP

You examine a subject under the influence of PCP and marijuana and you find that the subjects pulse rate is 102 BPM. This is an example of the _______ effect.

Additive

Which subcategory of narcotic analgesic normally causes an elevated body temperature? The synthetics, the alkaloids, the opium derivatives, all narcotic analgesics cause elevated blood temperature, no narcotic analgesics cause elevated body temperature.

No narcotic analgesics causes elevated body temperature.

DRE average range of adult pulse rate is_______?

60-90 bpm

The technical term for an abnormally rapid heart rate is_____?

Tachycardia

In the 2013 - 2014 national roadside survey of alcohol and drug use by driver's study, approximately _____ percent of drivers tested positive for at least one drug.

20 %

"Crank" is the street name for ________,

Methamphetamine

Which of the following is not a validated clue for the one leg stand test? Hopping, raising arms, putting the foot down, failing to count out loud, swaying.

Failing to count out loud

List the seven DRE drug categories and provide one example of a specific drug for each category.

CNS Depressant, alcohol


CNS Stimulant, meth


Hallucinogen, payote


Dissociative Anesthetic, PCP


Narcotic Analgesics, Heroin


Inhalants, aerosol paint


Cannabis, Marijuana

Define the term drug as it is used in the drug evaluation and classification program.

A substance when taken into the human body that will impair the ability to operate a motor vehicle safely.

Which two DRE drug categories will usually cause a lowering of the blood pressure and pulse rate?

CNS depressant and narcotic analgesics

Which DRE drug categories usually cause lack of convergence?

CNS depressant, Dissociative Anesthetic, inhalants and Cannabis

What 3 DRE drug categories usually cause horizontal gaze nystagmus?

CNS depressant, Dissociative Anesthetic, inhalants

In blood pressure measurements, what is the higher number called?

Systolic

What period of time must the subject estimate during the Modified Romberg balance test?

30 seconds

The DRE average range of pupil size in room light is 2.5 mm to ____?

5.0 mm

What is the name of the pulse point located in the crease of the wrist?

Radial

Which of the following DRE drug categories usually slow the reaction of the pupils to light? Hallucinogen, CNS Stimulant, Dissociative Anesthetic, Cannabis

CNS Stimulant

How many validated clues have been established for the finger to nose test?

None

Chloral hydrate is a drug belonging to which DRE drug category?

CNS Depressant

What is the active impairing chemical in cannabis? ETOH, MDMA, THC, STP

THC

Which of the following drugs is a CNS stimulant; methamphetamine, codeine, secobarbital, Valium, Demerol

Methamphetamine

In a blood pressure measurement, the lower number is called the ______ pressure.

Diastolic

Which of the following drugs is a hallucinogen. MDA, THC, Cocaine, PCP, Librium

MDA

What formula expresses the approximate statistical relationship between blood alcohol concentration and Nystagmus onset angle?

BAC= 50- angel of onset

Which of the following is not considered a drug within the means of this course? Secobarbital, heroin, nicotine, alcohol, model airplane glue

Nicotine

What period time is a subject asked to estimate during the modified Romberg balance test?

30 seconds

How does the drug Methaqualone affect the eyes anyway unlike most CNS depressants?

Dilates the pupils.

Ketamine usually produces _____. Miosis, average range blood pressure, ptosis, nystagmus, lowered body temperature.

Nystagmus

What categories of drugs will usually cause lack of convergence?

(DIDC) Depressants, inhalants, disassociative anesthetics, cannabis

The first step in the DRE drug evaluation 12-step process is_____?

Breath alcohol test

Which of the following usually will be present with the subject under the influence of a CNS stimulant? Body temperature will be lowered, HGN and VGN will be present, pupil reaction to light will be slowed, blood pressure will be below the DRE average range, pulse rate will be depressed

Pupil reaction to light will be slowed

Which two CNS depressants usually caused the pupils to dilate?

Methaqualone/Soma

A common street name for methamphetamine is______.

Crank

Anti-anxiety tranquilizers are sometimes called the _____tranquilizers.

Minor

Sympathomimetic drugs artificially cause the transmission of messages that produce _____blood pressure and pulse rate.

Elevated

The technical term for the dynamic balance involving levels of salt, water, sugars and other materials in the body fluids is______.

Homeostasis

With HGN, what angle of onset would be most consistent with a BAC of 0.15%?

35 degrees

If a person is under the influence of heroin alone, what would be the most likely range of people size in the room light for that person?

1.0 - 2.5 mm

Which of the following drugs usually will not cause the pupils to dilate? MDMA, Peyote, PCP, Methamphetamine, Methaqualone

PCP

How many validated clues have been established for the One Leg Stand test?

Four (PUSH)

The drug Thorazine is a_____. Anti-psychotic tranquilizer, non-barbiturate, anti-Anxiety tranquilizer, barbiturate, anti-depressant

Anti-psychotic tranquilizer

The drug Ritalin will usually produce the following? Bradycardia, Nystagmus, Mydriasis, Miosis, ptosis

Mydriasis

Bruxism is defined as______.

Grinding of the teeth

The effects of cocaine are felt the quickest when the drug is_____?

Smoked

Which of the following is not a validated clue for the walk and turn test? Failing to count the steps out loud, stepping off the line, starting to soon, taking the wrong number of steps, raising the arms while walking

Failing to count the steps out loud

The pulmonary artery is unique because it is the only artery that_____.

Carries blood depleted of oxygen.

Which of the following drugs is a CNS stimulant? Methamphetamine, codeine, secobarbital, Valium, Demerol.

Methamphetamine

In a blood pressure measurement, the lower number is called the_______pressure.

Diastolic

Which of the following drugs is a hallucinogen? MDA, THC, Cocaine, PCP, Librium

MDA (MOLLY)

The technical term for an abnormally rapid heart rate is_____.

Tachycardia

Which of the following is not a component (part) of the Sphygmomanometer? Compression cuff, diaphragm, Manometer, pressure control valve, pressure bulb

Diaphram

Someone who is under the influence of diazepam usually will have_____.

Average sized pupils

Which of the following DRE drug categories will usually cause the pupils to constrict? Narcotic analgesics, cannabis, hallucinogens, CNS depressants, inhalants

Narcotic analgesics

One of the instrument used to measure blood pressure is called a_____.

Sphygmomanometer

Which one of the following usually will be true of a subject under the influence of a CNS depressant? Blood pressure will be elevated, lack of convergence will be present, body temperature will be elevated, pulse rate will be in the DRE average range, pupils will be constricted

Lack of convergence will be present

Where is the radio pulse located?

On the wrist

Which of the following usually will not be present with the subject under the influence of PCP? Blood pressure will be elevated, lack of convergence will be present, HGN, pulse will be slowed, pupils will be within the average range DRE ranges.

Pulse will be slowed.

Where is the brachial pulse located?

In the crook of the arm

Which of the following will usually be present with a subject under the influence of a hallucinogen?

Pulse will be elevated

How long should the subject stand on each foot during the One Leg Stand?

30 seconds

Chloral hydrate is a _____.

Non-barbiturate

For the purposes of the DRE drug influence evaluation, the average range of adult blood pressure is _____?

120-140/70-90

HGN is most likely to be observed any subject under the influence of? LSD, Oxycodone, Cocaine, Hashish, PCP

PCP

The chemical name for heroin is _____.

Diacetyl Morphine

An example of a synthetic narcotic analgesic is _____.

Demerol

PCPs observable effects generally last ____ hours.

Four to six

The phenomenon known as "Synesthesia" is most commonly associated with _____.

Hallucinogens

An example of a hallucinogen is _______.

Psilocybin

If the subject is under the influence of a hallucinogen, their pupils will usually _____.

Be dilated

Amphetamines produce the same effects as cocaine with the exception of _______.

Anesthesia

The drug ______ belongs to the CNS depressant category. Secobarbital, Demerol, Methamphetamine, psilocybin, Codine.

Secobarbital

Which of the following is most likely cause pupils to dilate? Xanax, ketamine, Thorazine, codeine, methamphetamine

Methamphetamine

When examining a drug impaired person who is tolerant to the effects of the specific drug, which of the following is the DRE most likely to observe.

Clinical signs of impairment

Which of the following drugs is a narcotic analgesic? Methamphetamine, cocaine, Secobarbital, Valium, codeine

Codeine

Which of the following must you can accomplish before you can be certified as a DRE?

Prepare and submit an approved DRE great Curriculum Vitae

Which of the following drugs is a CNS depressant? MDA, LSD, cocaine, peyote, Xanax

Xanax

Which of the following is a metabolite of THC? Diacetyl THC, Marinol, Carboxy THC, Hashish, Sinsemilla

Corboxy THC

Inhalant the produces effects that generally last five minutes or less is ____. Amyl Nitrate, glue, Nitrous Oxide, Butyl Nitrite, Isobutyl Nitrite

Nitrous Oxide

Which of the following is a volatile solvent? Nitrous oxide, hydrogen sulfide, toluene, amyl nitrite, ketamine

Toluene

The narcotic analgesic drugs sometimes called "drugstore" heroin is _____. Morphine, codeine, Numorphan, Dilaudid, hycodan

Dilaudid

The portion of a DRE trial in which the prosecution and defense question your education, training, and work experience is called the _______. Quantum meruit, in capite, Voir Dire, ad valorem, in extremis

Voir Dire

When smoked, marijuana's effects reach their peak in approximately _____ minutes.

10-30 minutes

Which of the following will be observed in the subject under the influence of cannabis? Pulse rate will be slowed, HGN will be present, pupils will be constructed, pulse rate will be elevated, none of the above will be present

Pulse rate will be elevated

Reddening of the conjunctivae is likely to be observed in a subject under the influence of ___________. Marijuana, heroin, Xanax, ketamine, Peyote.

Marijuana

The active ingredient found in cannabis is _______.

Delta 9 THC

Which subcategory of inhalants usually cause below average pulse rate? Volatile solvents, aerosols, anesthetic gases, no subcategory: All inhalants elevate pulse rate, all subcategories: All inhalants lower pulse rate

No subcategory: all inhalants elevate pulse rate

You examine the subject and observe the following: 0.00 BAC HGN but no VGN; eyes do not converge; 7.0 MM pupils in room light; pulse of 98 BPM; BP of 148/94; temperature of 98.6; subject complains of dizziness and nausea and a sticky residue is found on the subjects fingers and lip. The subject is badly impaired on all divided attention test. In your opinion the subject is under the influence of _____.

An inhalant

You examine in impaired subject that has inhaled Amyl nitrate. Which of the following would you NOT expect to observe in that subject? Lowered blood pressure, elevated pulse rate, lack of convergence, constricted pupils, HGN

Constricted pupils

The Fentanyl's Purdue signs and symptoms of _____. CNS stimulants, is associative and aesthetics, narcotic analgesics, hallucinogens, CNS depressants

Narcotic analgesics

Morphine belongs to which DRE drug category? Narcotic analgesics, CNS depressants, hallucinogens, CNS stimulants, inhalants

Narcotic analgesics

The chemical name for Heroin is ______. Morphine Chlorate, Trimethyl Morphine, Diacetyl Morphine, Hydrochloric Morphine, Morphine Sulfate

Diacetyl Morphine

An example of a synthetic narcotic analgesic is ______. Psilocybin, Methamphetamine, Secobarbital, Demerol, Codeine

Demerol

With HGN, an approximate angel of onset of ___ degrees normally corresponds to a 0.10 BAC

40 degrees

Where is the radio pulse located

On the wrist

The DRE average range for the higher value of blood pressure is?

120-140

Once alcohol is consumed, most passes through the stomach into which organ where it passes quickly into the blood?

Small intestine

How many validated clues have been established for the walking turn test?

Eight

Where in the body is the most alcohol metabolized?

Liver

Which of the following is not part of a DRE drug influence evaluation?? One leg stand, breath test, finger count, officer observations

Finger count

The DRE average range for diastolic blood pressure is?

70-90

Which of the following drugs usually do not increase pulse rate? Heroin, cannabis, ketamine, methamphetamine

Heroin

Bruxism is usually associated with someone under the influence of what DRE drug category?

CNS stimulants

The DRE category that usually causes the pupils of the eyes to constrict is?

Narcotic analgesics

How many validated clues have been established for the one leg stand test?

Four

Which of the following are common forms of alcohol? Marinol, methanol, dronabinol, rutalbital

Methanol

As applied for this course, a drug is any substance that when taken into the human body can impair ____.

The ability of the person to operate a vehicle safely

The first DRE laboratory validation study was the ____.

John's Hopkins study

Ingesting drugs from two or more drug categories is called ____.

Polydrug use

In the Los Angeles validation field study, slightly more than what percentage of the subjects examined were found to have more than one drug in their system?

70%

Which of the following was the most ingested drug in the LAPD DRE field study?

PCP

The afferent nerves are also known as the _____ nerves.

Sensory

What is the artery used in the measurement of blood pressure?

Brachial

Which of the following would most likely be referred to as a speedball? Crack and methamphetamine, cocaine and heroin, heroin and PCP, crack in PCP, marijuana and PCP

Cocaine and heroin

What was the landmark Arizona state Supreme Court case that established the admissibility of HGN as evidence of alcohol alcohol impairment?

State vs Blake

What is the correct DRE test sequence?

Modified Romberg balance, walk and turn, one leg stand, finger to nose

There are ___ systematic and standardized steps that are performed any complete DRE drug influence evaluation.

12

The diameters of the pupillometer's circles/semi circles are indicated in?

Millimeters

The technical term for abnormally large or dilated pupils is____.

Mydriasis

Nystagmus is defined as _____.

Involuntary jerking of the eyes

A subject under the combined influence of heroin and PCP will usually have constricted pupils. This is called the ___ effect.

Overlapping

Which of the following usually will not affect body temperature? CNS depressants, narcotic analgesics, hallucinogens, disassociative anesthetics, CNS stimulants

CNS depressants

Which of the following must you accomplish before you can be certified as a DRE? Conduct a minimum of 12 instructor observed and approved drug evaluations, qualify as an expert witness in a drug related case, personally arrest at least six persons for drug related offenses, correctly identify impairment due to at least five drug categories, attend five certification training courses

Conduct a minimum of 12 instructor observed an approved drug evaluations

There are _____ subcategories of CNS stimulants?

Three

Desoxyn is a drug in the ___ DRE drug category. CNS depressants, narcotic Analgesics, disassociative anesthetic, hallucinogen, CNS stimulant

CNS stimulant

Demetol

Synthetic narcotic analgesic

Thorazine

CNS Depressant Anti-psychotic tranquilizer

Chloral Hydrate

CNS Depressant Non-barbiturate

Numorphan

Narcotic analgesic Opium derivative

Valium

CNS depressant anti-anxiety tranquilizer

Xanax

CNS depressant anti-anxiety tranquilizer

LSD

Hallucinogen

Dilaudid

Narcotic analgesic derivative

Ritalin

CNS stimulant

Hallucinogens/CNS Stimulants

Sympathomimetic

MDMA (Ecstasy)

Hallucinogen

DOM (STP)

Hallucinogen

2CB

Hallucinogen

Percodan

Narcotic analgesic

Desoxyn

CNS stimulant

Codeine

Narcotic analgesic natural alkaloid

Thebaine

Narcotic analgesic natural alkaloid

Hycodan

Narcotic analgesic derivative

Lortab

Narcotic analgesic derivative

Dexedrine

CNS stimulant amphetamine

Librium

CNS depressant anti-anxiety tranquilizer