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38 Cards in this Set

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Can transmit respiratory infections and are minimized by the used of dental dams and high-velocity suction

Aerosols

What are the 4 links in the chain of infections

Virulence


Number Of Microorganisms


Susceptible Host


Portal Of Entry

Symptoms are severe and are short duration

Acute Infection

What immunity is by a vaccination with an antigen

Active Artificial Immunity

What immunity is acquired by contacting a disease and is recovering form that disease

Active Natural Immunity

Most common route of contamination occurs though

Direct Contact

Touching or contact with a patient blood or other body fluids

Direct Contact

Infections that can be spread from another person or through contact with body fluids are called

Communicable Disease

A persistent infection in which the symptoms come and go

Latent Infection

An infection of long duration

Chronic Infection

Designed to protect employees against occupational exposure to blood-borne pathogens

OSHA Blood-Born Pathogens Standard

Touching or contact with a contaminated surface or instrument

Indirect Contact

Exposure enters the mucosal surfaces of the eyes, nose, or mouth

Droplet Infection

Exposure enters throughout the skin, such as through needle sticks, cuts, and human bites

Precutaneous

Exposure contacts mucous membranes, such as the eye or the mouth

Premucosal

Any reasonably anticipated skin, eye, or mucous membrane contact, or percutaneous injury with blood or any other potentially infectious materials, that occurs during work hours

Occupational Exposure

Standard of care that is designed to protect healthcare providers from pathogens that can be spread by blood or any other body fluid, execration, or secretion

Standard Precautions

Items such as protective clothing, masks, gloves, and eyewear to protect employees are considered

Personal Protective Equipment

Waste that presents a danger to humans or to the environment

Hazardous Waste

Waste that is capable of transmitting an infectious disease

Infectious Waste

Contaminated needles, scalpel blades, orthodontic wires, and endodontic instruments are considered

Sharps

The most severe form of immediate allergic reaction

Anaphylaxis

Immunity that is present at birth

Inherited Immunity

Immunity that develops during a persons lifetime

Acquired Immunity

How often should the Exposure Control Plan be reviewed and updated

Annually

True or False: Irritant Dermatitis does not involve the immune system

Ture

What is the most critical piece of PPE

Gloves

When should utility gloves be worn

When disinfecting the treatment area


When preparing instruments for sterilization

Example of contaminated waste

Patient napkins


Used barriers

Another term for infectious waste

Regulated Waste

What type of allergic reaction is the most serious

Type I

What is the most common type of allergic reaction

Type IV

Waste that presents a danger to humans or to the environment (toxic chemicals)

Hazardous Waste

Immunity were antibodies are acquired from an outside source like the placenta or breast milk
Passive Natural Immunity
Immunity that develops as a result of receiving antiserum with antibodies from another host
Passive Artificial Immunity
What waste contains disposable paper towels, paper mixing pads, and empty food containers
General Waste
Waste that has been in contact with blood or other body fluids, like used barriers and patient napkins
Contaminated Waste
Waste that is blood-soaked, soft tissue, and sharps
Infectious or Regulated Waste