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66 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
One type of processor, called ____, integrates the functions of a processor, memory, and a video card on a single chip
system-on-a-chip
The higher the bus ____, the faster the transmission of data, which results in programs running faster
clock speed
A megabyte (MB) is equal to approximately one ____ bytes
million
Memory slots on the motherboard hold ______ ______
memory modules
Processors contain a control unit and a(n) ____.
arithmetic logic unit (ALU)
A FireWire ____ is a device that plugs in a FireWire port on the system unit and contains multiple FireWire ports in which you plug cables from FireWire devices.
hub
A transistor can act as an electronic ____ that opens or closes the circuit for electrical charges
switch
The computer uses a(n) ____ because it recognizes only two states
binary system
cleaning your computer or mobile device ____, you can help extend its life.
once or twice a year
Devices outside the system unit often attach to ____ on the system unit by a connector on a cable
ports
Some computer and chip manufacturers use the term ____ to refer to a personal computer processor chip
Microprocessor
____ headsets allow smart phone users to connect their telephone to a headset wirelessly
Bluetooth
The system unit on an Ultra-Mobile PC, a smart phone, and a ____ usually consumes the entire device.
PDA
Current personal computer processors have ____ in the gigahertz range
clock speeds
A computer executes programs that are in
RAM
Programmers use ____ instructions to program a PROM chip.
microcode
Nearly all video cards today use the ____, as well as many hard disks and network cards.
PCI Express bus
Most computers use ____ to hold their startup instructions because it allows the computer easily to update its contents
flash memory
Most of Intel's processor chips include ____, which provides the capability to track computer hardware and software, diagnose and resolve computer problems, and secure computers from outside threats
vPro technology
Each byte resides temporarily in a location in memory that has a(n) ____.
address
The ____ converts the AC power into DC power that a peripheral requires.
AC adapter
A(n) ____, which can be used as a removable flash memory device, adds memory, communications, multimedia, and security capabilities to computers.
ExpressCard module
A ____ is equal to one billionth of a second.
nanosecond
The ____ is used to transfer actual data.
data bus
Parallel processing divides a single problem into portions so that multiple ____ work on their assigned portion of the problem at the same time.
processors
The ____ card connects a monitor.
video
13. Some computer and chip manufacturers use the term ____ to refer to a personal computer processor chip. d. microprocessor
microprocessor
A(n) ____ is a device that connects to the system unit and is controlled by the processor in the computer.
peripheral
Some motherboards include all necessary capabilities and do not require ____.
adapter cards
. A processor contains small, high-speed storage locations, called ____, that temporarily hold data and instructions.
registers
High-performance personal computers today may use a processor in the Intel ____ family.
Core
RAM is also called ____.
main memory
Adapter cards are circuit boards that provide connections and functions not built into the ____.
motherboard
High-performance personal computers today may use a processor in the Intel ____ family.
Core
A FireWire ____ is a device that plugs in a FireWire port on the system unit and contains multiple FireWire ports in which you plug cables from FireWire devices.
hub
Manufacturers of ROM chips often record data, instructions, or information on chips called ____.
firmware
A(n) ____ adapter card connects speakers or a microphone.
sound
Processors contain a control unit and a(n) ____.
arithmetic logic unit (ALU)
Notebook computers can run using either batteries or a(n) ____.
power supply
The motherboard is sometimes called the ____.
system board
Most personal computers today use a ____-bit bus.
64
Each byte resides temporarily in a location in memory that has a(n) ____.
address
By cleaning your computer or mobile device ____, you can help extend its life.
once or twice a year
Most computers use ____ to hold their startup instructions because it allows the computer easily to update its contents.
flash memory
A ____ joins a cable to a port.
connector
To attach multiple peripherals using a single USB port, you can use a(n) ____.
USB hub
Current personal computer processors have ____ in the gigahertz range.
clock speeds
The ____ card connects a monitor.
video
Memory slots on the motherboard hold ____.
memory modules
USB supports ____ and Plug and Play, which means you can attach peripherals while the computer is running.
hot plugging
Nonvolatile memory does not lose its contents when ____.
power is removed from the computer
____ headsets allow smart phone users to connect their telephone to a headset wirelessly.
Bluetooth
Bit is short for ____.
binary digit
A(n) ____ adapter card connects speakers or a microphone.
sound
The process of obtaining a program instruction or data item from memory is called ____.
fetching
The ____ converts the AC power into DC power that a peripheral requires.
AC adapter
A megabyte (MB) is equal to approximately one ____ bytes.
million
A FireWire ____ is a device that plugs in a FireWire port on the system unit and contains multiple FireWire ports in which you plug cables from FireWire devices.
hub
. The processor interprets and executes a program's instructions while the program is in ____.
RAM
A computer executes programs that are in ____.
RAM
To attach multiple peripherals using a single USB port, you can use a(n) ____.
USB hub
Intel's Centrino 2 mobile technology, which may have a Pro designator depending on its capabilities, integrates wireless functionality in ____.
notebook computers and Tablet PCs
A(n) ____, which can be used as a removable flash memory device, adds memory, communications, multimedia, and security capabilities to computers.
ExpressCard module
A ____ is equal to one billionth of a second.
nanosecond
A transistor can act as an electronic ____ that opens or closes the circuit for electrical charges.
switch
L1 cache usually has a very small capacity, ranging from 8 KB to ____.
128 KB