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59 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Beau’s Lines
-if single nail = trauma
-if all nails = systemic
Beau’s Lines
-if single nail = trauma
-if all nails = systemic
Onychomadesis (nail shedding)
-nail shedding, detaching from prox aspect
-multiple digits = systemic cause
Pitting - Punctate depressions are focal abn. keratinization areas in the prox nail matrix; caused by psoriasis (irregular), alopecia areata (small + geometric), eczema
Onychorrhexis - longitudinal fissures + ridges w/ thinning; caused by lichen planus, trauma, tumors compressing nail matrix.
-Mild = normal aging
Onychorrhexis in lichen planus: Tx - inject prox nail fold w/ kenalog
Onychorrhexis - longitudinal fissures (lines w/ lateral nail fold)
Onychorrhexis
Trachyonychia - rough nails, thin, sandpaper nails; caused by proximal nail matrix damage from psoriasis, alopecia areata, lichen planus, eczema: Tx - biotin
Trachyonychia - rough nails, thin, sandpaper nails; caused by proximal nail matrix damage from psoriasis, alopecia areata, lichen planus, eczema: Tx - biotin
Koilonychia - lung issues, iron deficiency
Koilonychia - lung issues, iron deficiencies
Onycholysis - distal nail plate detaches; seen in psoriasis + onychomycosis
Onycholysis
Onycholysis
Habit Tic Deformity - push cuticles back
Onychauxis - thickens nail appearance due to subungual hyperkeratosis; caused by psoriasis / onychomycosis
Splinter hemorrhage:
-subacute bacterial endocarditis
-trauma
Nevi
Nevi
Nevi
Subungual hemorrhage
Subungual hemorrhage
Subungual Hematoma
Subungual Hematoma
Hutchinson’s sign and Melanoma
Hutchinson’s sign and Melanoma
Hutchinson’s sign and Melanoma
Amelanotic Melanoma
Squamous on great toe
Congenital Malalignment of Great toes
Congenital Malalignment of Great toes
Pachyonychia Congenita
Psoriasis: Tx - tazorac, oral cyclosporine, topical steroids, Vit D Dovonex, Remicade
Psoriasis: Tx - tazorac, oral cyclosporine, topical steroids, Vit D Dovonex, Remicade
Psoriasis: Tx - tazorac, oral cyclosporine, topical steroids, Vit D Dovonex, Remicade
Lichen Planus
Alopecia Areata
Eczema
Clubbing: COPD/Heart issues, Lova bonds angle
Distal Lateral Subungual: T. Rubrum
Proximal Subungual: T. Rubrum
White superficial: T. mentagrophytes and Non­dermatophyte molds
Not so typical­­­ - Pseudomonal infection
Paronychia
Onychocryptosis
Pincer Nail
Verruca
Onychogryphosis
Onychogryphosis
Onychogryphosis
Pyogenic granuloma - outpouching of vasc tissue: Tx - bovi; DDx - amelanotic melanoma
Fibroma - outpouching of nail matrix into nail plate; Tx - anesthetize + curette to remove in total
Koenen’s Tumor/Tuberous Sclerosis: Multi subungual fibroma in mentally handicapped children
Koenen’s Tumor/Tuberous Sclerosis - Multi subungual fibroma in mentally handicapped children
Fibromas
Fibromas
Glomus - looks blue; Tx - take off plate + excise tumor
Glomus - looks blue; Tx - take off plate + excise tumor