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178 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
1) Which of the following is a purpose of the SQL standard?
A) To specify syntax and semantics of SQL data definition and manipulation
B) To specify minimal and complete standards, which permit different degrees of adoption in products
C) To define the data structures and basic operations for SQL databases
D) All of the above
D
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 245
Topic: Origins of the SQL Standard
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
2) The benefits of a standardized relational language include:
A) application longevity.
B) reduced training costs.
C) cross-system communication.
D) all of the above.
D
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 245-246
Topic: Origins of the SQL Standard
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
3) The ________ is the structure that contains descriptions of objects such as tables and views created by users.
A) SQL
B) schema
C) catalog
D) master view
;s;
B
Diff: 1 Page Ref: 247
Topic: The SQL Environment
AACSB: Analytic Skills, Use of Information Technology
4) ________ is a set of commands used to control a database, which includes security.
A) DML
B) DDL
C) DCL
D) DPL
C
Diff: 1 Page Ref: 248
Topic: The SQL Environment
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
5) ________ is a set of commands used to update and query a database.
A) DML
B) DDL
C) DCL
D) DPL
A
Diff: 1 Page Ref: 248
Topic: The SQL Environment
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
6) DDL is typically used during which phases of the development process?
A) Implementation
B) Physical design
C) Analysis
D) All of the above
B
Diff: 3 Page Ref: 251
Topic: The SQL Environment
AACSB: Analytic Skills, Use of Information Technology
7) The command for creating a database is:
A) create table.
B) create view.
C) create schema.
D) create authorization.
C
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 251
Topic: Defining a Database in SQL
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
8) The SQL command ________ defines a logical table from one or more tables or views.
A) create table
B) alter table
C) create view
D) create relationship
C
Diff: 1 Page Ref: 252
Topic: Defining a Database in SQL
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Generating SQL Database Definitions
9) Any create command may be reversed by using a ________ command.
A) truncate
B) drop
C) delete
D) unpack
B
Diff: 1 Page Ref: 252
Topic: Defining a Database in SQL
AACSB: Analytic Skills, Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Generating SQL Database Definitions
10) The first in a series of steps to follow when creating a table is to:
A) identify columns that must be unique.
B) identify each attribute and its characteristics.
C) create an index.
D) identify columns that must be null.
B
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 252, 253
Topic: Defining a Database in SQL
AACSB: Analytic Skills, Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Creating Tables
11) The SQL command ________ adds one or more new columns to a table.
A) create table
B) alter table
C) create view
D) create relationship
B
Diff: 1 Page Ref: 256
Topic: Defining a Database in SQL
AACSB: Analytic Skills, Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Changing Table Definitions
12) What does the following SQL statement do?
Alter Table Customer_T
Add (Type Varchar (2));
A) Alters the Customer_T table to accept Type 2 Varchars
B) Alters the Customer_T table to be a Type 2 Varchar
C) Alters the Customer_T table, and adds a field called "Type"
D) Alters the Customer_T table by adding a 2-byte field called "Varchar"
C
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 256
Topic: Defining a Database in SQL
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Changing Table Definitions
13) What does the following SQL command do?
insert into Customer_T values (001,'John Smith','231 West St','Boston','MA','02115');
A) Adds a new record to the Customer_T
B) Creates the Customer_T table
C) Deletes the Customer_T table
D) Updates the Customer_T table
A
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 257
Topic: Inserting, Updating, and Deleting Data
AACSB: Analytic Skills
14) Given a table named store with 5 fields: store_id, address, city, state, zipcode, why would the following insert command not work?
insert into store values ('234 Park Street')
A) It would work just fine.
B) You must specify the fields to insert if you are only inserting some of the fields.
C) There is no table keyword.
D) None of the above.
B
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 258
Topic: Inserting, Updating, and Deleting Data
AACSB: Analytic Skills
15) What does the following SQL statement do?
Delete from Customer_T
where state = 'HI';
A) Deletes all records from customer_t where the state is equal to HI
B) Removes the Customer_T table from the database
C) Deletes all records from the Customer_T table
D) None of the above
A
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 259
Topic: Inserting, Updating, and Deleting Data
AACSB: Analytic Skills, Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Deleting Database Contents
16) What does the following SQL statement do?
Update Product_T
Set Unit_Price = 775
Where Product_ID = 7
A) Changes the price of a unit called Product_T to 7
B) Changes the unit price of Product 7 to 775
C) Changes the length of the Unit_Price field to 775
D) Updates the Product_T table to have a unit price of 775
B
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 259
Topic: Inserting, Updating, and Deleting Data
AACSB: Analytic Skills, Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Updating Database Contents
17) Which of the following is a technique for optimizing the internal performance of the relational data model?
A) Avoiding indexes on secondary keys
B) Clustering data
C) Not reporting statistics to save machine resources
D) Using random index organizations
B
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 260
Topic: Internal Schema Definitions in RDBMSs
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
18) Indexes are created in most RDBMSs to:
A) provide a quicker way to store data.
B) decrease the amount of disk space utilized.
C) provide rapid random and sequential access to base-table data.
D) increase the cost of implementation.
C
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 260
Topic: Internal Schema Definitions in RDBMSs
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Creating Indexes
19) In an SQL statement, which of the following parts states the conditions for row selection?
A) Select
B) From
C) Where
D) Group By
C
Diff: 1 Page Ref: 261
Topic: Processing Single Tables
AACSB: Analytic Skills, Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Clauses of the SELECT Statement
20) What does the following SQL statement do?
Select * From Customer Where Cust_Type = "Best"
A) Selects all the fields from the Customer table for each row with a customer labeled "Best"
B) Selects the "*" field from the Customer table for each row with a customer labeled "Best"
C) Selects fields with a "*" in them from the Customer table
D) Selects all the fields from the Customer table for each row with a customer labeled "*"
A
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 262
Topic: Processing Single Tables
AACSB: Analytic Skills, Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Clauses of the SELECT Statement
21) What result will the following SQL statement produce?
Select Avg(standard_price) as average from Product_V;
A) The average of all products in Product_V
B) The average Standard_Price of all products in Product_V
C) The average price of all products
D) None of the above
B
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 265
Topic: Processing Single Tables
AACSB: Analytic Skills, Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Using Expressions
22) Which of the following questions is answered by the SQL statement?
Select Count (Product_Description) from Product_T;
A) How many products are in the table Product_T?
B) How many products have product descriptions in the Product Table?
C) How many characters are in the field name "Product_Description"?
D) How many different columns named "Product_Description" are there in table Product_T?
B
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 265
Topic: Processing Single Tables
AACSB: Analytic Skills, Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Using Functions
23) What results will be produced by the following SQL query?
Select sum(standard_price) as Total_Price
from Product_V
where Product_Type = 'WOOD';
A) The total price of all products that are of type wood
B) The total price of all products
C) The Standard_Price of the first wood product in the table
D) The Standard_Price of any wood product in the table
A
Diff: 3 Page Ref: 266
Topic: Processing Single Tables
AACSB: Analytic Skills, Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Using Expressions
24) Which of the following counts ONLY rows that contain a value?
A) Count
B) Count(*)
C) Tally(*)
D) Checknum
A
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 266
Topic: Processing Single Tables
AACSB: Analytic Skills, Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Using Functions
25) Which of the following will produce the minimum of all standard prices?
A) Select standard_price from Product_V where Standard_Price = min;
B) Select min(standard_price) from Product_V;
C) Select Standard_Price from min(Product_V);
D) Select min(Standard_Price) from Product_V where Standard_Price = min(Standard_Price);
B
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 266
Topic: Processing Single Tables
AACSB: Analytic Skills, Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Using Functions
26) What will result from the following SQL Select statement?
Select min(Product_Description)
from Product_V;
A) The minimum value of Product_Description will be displayed.
B) An error message will be generated.
C) The first product description alphabetically in Product_V will be shown.
D) None of the above.
C
Diff: 3 Page Ref: 266
Topic: Processing Single Tables
AACSB: Analytic Skills, Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Using Functions
27) Which of the following is the wildcard operator in SQL statements?
A) < >
B) *
C) =
D) &
B
Diff: 1 Page Ref: 267
Topic: Processing Single Tables
AACSB: Analytic Skills, Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Using Wildcards
28) What result set will the following query return?
Select Item_No
from Order_V
where quantity > 10;
A) The Item_No of all orders that had more than 10 items
B) The Order_Id of all orders that had more than one item
C) The Order_Id of all orders that had more than 10 items
D) The Item_No of all orders that had 10 or more items
A
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 267
Topic: Processing Single Tables
AACSB: Analytic Skills, Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Using Comparison Operators
29) What result set will the following query return?
Select Item_No, description
from item
where weight > 100 and weight < 200;
A) The Item_No and description for all items weighing less than 100
B) The Item_No for all items weighing between 101 and 199
C) The Item_No and description for all items weighing between 101 and 199
D) The Item_No for all items weighing more than 200
C
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 270, 271
Topic: Processing Single Tables
AACSB: Analytic Skills, Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Using Ranges for Qualification
30) To eliminate duplicate rows in a query, the ________ qualifier is used in the SQL Select command.
A) alter
B) distinct
C) check
D) specific
B
Diff: 1 Page Ref: 271, 272
Topic: Processing Single Tables
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Using Distinct Values
31) What result set is returned from the following query?
Select Customer_Name, telephone
from customers
where city in ('Boston','New York','Denver');
A) The Customer_Name and telephone of all customers
B) The Customer_Name and telephone of all customers living in either Boston, New York or Denver
C) The Customer_Name and telephone of all customers living in Boston and New York and Denver
D) The Customer_Name of all customers living in Boston, New York or Denver
B
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 273
Topic: Processing Single Tables
AACSB: Analytic Skills, Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: IN and NOT IN with Lists
32) To get all the customers from Hawaii sorted together, which of the following would be used?
A) ORDER BY
B) GROUP BY
C) HAVING
D) SORT
A
Diff: 1 Page Ref: 274
Topic: Processing Single Tables
AACSB: Analytic Skills, Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Sorting Results: The ORDER BY Clause
33) A single value returned from an SQL query that includes an aggregate function is called a(n):
A) agate.
B) scalar aggregate.
C) vector aggregate.
D) summation.
B
Diff: 1 Page Ref: 274
Topic: Processing Single Tables
AACSB: Analytic Skills, Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Categorizing Results: The GROUP BY Clause
34) Multiple values returned from an SQL query that includes an aggregate function are called:
A) vector aggregates.
B) scalar aggregates.
C) agates.
D) summations.
A
Diff: 1 Page Ref: 274
Topic: Processing Single Tables
AACSB: Analytic Skills, Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Categorizing Results: The GROUP BY Clause
35) Which of the following can produce scalar and vector aggregates?
A) ORDER BY
B) GROUP BY
C) HAVING
D) SORT
B
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 274
Topic: Processing Single Tables
AACSB: Analytic Skills, Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Categorizing Results: The GROUP BY Clause
36) What will be returned when the following SQL statement is executed?
Select driver_no,count(*) as num_deliveries
from deliveries
group by driver_no;
A) A listing of all drivers, sorted by driver number
B) A listing of each driver as well as the number of deliveries that he or she has made
C) A count of all of the deliveries made by all drivers
D) None of the above
B
Diff: 3 Page Ref: 275
Topic: Processing Single Tables
AACSB: Analytic Skills, Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Categorizing Results: The GROUP BY Clause
37) What will be returned when the following SQL statement is executed?
Select driver_no, count(*) as num_deliveries
from deliveries
where state = 'MA'
group by driver_no;
A) A listing of all drivers who made deliveries to state = 'MA', sorted by driver number
B) A listing of each driver who made deliveries to state = 'MA' as well as the number of deliveries that each driver has made to that state
C) A count of all of the deliveries made to state = 'MA' by all drivers
D) None of the above
B
Diff: 3 Page Ref: 275
Topic: Processing Single Tables
AACSB: Analytic Skills, Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Categorizing Results: The GROUP BY Clause
38) Which of the following finds all groups meeting stated conditions?
A) Select
B) Where
C) Having
D) Find
C
Diff: 1 Page Ref: 276
Topic: Processing Single Tables
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Qualifying Results by Categories: The HAVING Clause
39) What will be returned when the following SQL query is executed?
Select driver_no, count(*) as num_deliveries
from deliveries
group by driver_no
having count(*) > 2;
A) A listing of all drivers who made more than 2 deliveries as well as a count of the number of deliveries
B) A listing of all drivers
C) A listing of the number of deliveries greater than 2
D) A listing of all drivers who made more than 2 deliveries
A
Diff: 3 Page Ref: 276
Topic: Processing Single Tables
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Qualifying Results by Categories: The HAVING Clause
40) Which of the following is true of the order in which SQL statements are evaluated?
A) The SELECT clause is always processed first.
B) The SELECT clause is always processed last.
C) The SELECT clause is processed before the ORDER BY clause.
D) The GROUP BY clause is processed before the WHERE clause.
C
Diff: 3 Page Ref: 277
Topic: Processing Single Tables
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
41) A ________ view is materialized when referenced.
A) virtual
B) dynamic
C) materialized
D) base
B
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 277
Topic: Using and Defining Views
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
42) A view may not be updated directly if it contains:
A) the DISTINCT keyword.
B) derived columns and expressions in the SELECT clause.
C) uses the GROUP BY or HAVING clause.
D) all of the above.
D
Diff: 1 Page Ref: 280
Topic: Using and Defining Views
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
43) SQL is both an American and international standard for database access.
TRUE
Diff: 1 Page Ref: 243
Topic: Introduction
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
44) SQL has been implemented only in the mainframe and midrange environments.
FALSE
Diff: 1 Page Ref: 244
Topic: Introduction
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
45) SQL originated from a project called System-S.
FALSE
Diff: 1 Page Ref: 245
Topic: History of the SQL Standard
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
46) One of the original purposes of the SQL standard was to provide a vehicle for portability of database definition and application modules between conforming DBMSs.
TRUE
Diff: 1 Page Ref: 245
Topic: Origins of the SQL Standard
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
47) A major benefit of SQL as a standard is reduced training costs.
TRUE
Diff: 1 Page Ref: 245
Topic: Origins of the SQL Standard
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
48) Implementation of a standard can never stifle creativity and innovation.
FALSE
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 246
Topic: Origins of the SQL Standard
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
49) Applications can be moved from one machine to another when each machine uses SQL.
TRUE
Diff: 1 Page Ref: 245
Topic: Origins of the SQL Standard
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
50) A catalog is the structure that contains object descriptions created by a user.
FALSE
Diff: 1 Page Ref: 247
Topic: The SQL Environment
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
51) Some DBMS can handle graphic data types as well as text and numbers.
TRUE
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 248
Topic: The SQL Environment
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
52) DCL is used to update the database with new records.
FALSE
Diff: 1 Page Ref: 248
Topic: The SQL Environment
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
53) A database table is defined using the data definition language (DDL).
TRUE
Diff: 1 Page Ref: 248
Topic: The SQL Environment
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
54) A database is maintained and queried using the data mapping language (DML).
FALSE
Diff: 1 Page Ref: 248
Topic: The SQL Environment
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
55) The CREATE SCHEMA DDL command is used to create a table.
FALSE
Diff: 1 Page Ref: 252
Topic: Defining a Database in SQL
AACSB: Analytic Skills, Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Generating SQL Database Definitions
56) When creating tables, it's important to decide which columns will allow null values before the table is created.
TRUE
Diff: 1 Page Ref: 252
Topic: Defining a Database in SQL
AACSB: Analytic Skills, Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Creating Tables
57) When creating a table, it is not important to consider foreign key—primary key mates.
FALSE
Diff: 1 Page Ref: 253
Topic: Defining a Database in SQL
AACSB: Analytic Skills, Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Creating Tables
58) A referential integrity constraint specifies that the existence of an attribute in one table depends upon the existence of a foreign key in the same or another table.
FALSE
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 255
Topic: Defining a Database in SQL
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Creating Data Integrity Controls
59) The DELETE TABLE DDL command is used to remove a table from the database.
FALSE
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 257
Topic: Defining a Database in SQL
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Removing Tables
60) The ALTER TABLE command is used to change a table definition.
TRUE
Diff: 1 Page Ref: 256
Topic: Defining a Database in SQL
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Changing Table Definitions
61) The SQL command used to populate tables is the INSERT command.
TRUE
Diff: 1 Page Ref: 257
Topic: Inserting, Updating, and Deleting Data
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
62) An insert command does not need to have the fields listed.
TRUE
Diff: 1 Page Ref: 257
Topic: Inserting, Updating, and Deleting Data
AACSB: Analytic Skills
63) The following command would work fine:
insert into budget values 121,222,111;
FALSE
Diff: 1 Page Ref: 257
Topic: Inserting, Updating, and Deleting Data
AACSB: Analytic Skills
64) The DROP command deletes rows from a table individually or in groups.
FALSE
Diff: 1 Page Ref: 259
Topic: Inserting, Updating, and Deleting Data
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Deleting Database Contents
65) In order to update data in SQL, one must inform the DBMS which relation, columns, and rows are involved.
TRUE
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 259
Topic: Inserting, Updating, and Deleting Data
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Updating Database Contents
66) Indexes generally slow down access speed in most RDMS.
FALSE
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 260
Topic: Internal Schema Definitions in RDBMSs
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
67) The WHERE clause includes the conditions for row selection within a single table or view and the conditions between tables or views for joining.
TRUE
Diff: 1 Page Ref: 261
Topic: Processing Single Tables
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Clauses of the SELECT Statement
68) Expressions are mathematical manipulations of data in a table that may be included as part of the SELECT statement.
TRUE
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 263, 264
Topic: Processing Single Tables
AACSB: Analytic Skills, Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Using Expressions
69) Count(*) tallies only those rows that contain a value, while Count counts all rows.
FALSE
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 265
Topic: Processing Single Tables
AACSB: Analytic Skills, Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Using Functions
70) The asterisk (*) wildcard designator can be used to select all fields from a table as well as in WHERE clauses when an exact match is not possible.
TRUE
Diff: 1 Page Ref: 267
Topic: Processing Single Tables
AACSB: Analytic Skills, Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Using Wildcards
71) The comparison operators = and != are used to establish a range of values.
FALSE
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 267
Topic: Processing Single Tables
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Using Comparison Operators
72) If multiple Boolean operators are used in an SQL statement, NOT is evaluated first, then AND, then OR.
TRUE
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 268
Topic: Processing Single Tables
AACSB: Analytic Skills, Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Using Boolean Operators
73) The following two SQL statements will produce the same results.
Select last_name, first_name
from customer
where credit_limit > 99 and credit_limit < 10001;
Select last_name, first_name
from customer
where credit_limit between 100 and 10000;
TRUE
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 270, 271
Topic: Processing Single Tables
AACSB: Analytic Skills, Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Using Ranges for Qualification
74) Adding the DISTINCT keyword to a query eliminates duplicates.
TRUE
Diff: 1 Page Ref: 271, 272
Topic: Processing Single Tables
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Using Distinct Values
75) The following two SQL statements will produce different results.
Select last_name, first_name
from customer
where state = 'MA' or state = 'NY' or state = 'NJ' or state = 'NH' or state = 'CT';
Select last_name, first_name
from customer
where state in ('MA','NY','NJ','NH','CT');
FALSE
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 273
Topic: Processing Single Tables
AACSB: Analytic Skills, Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Using IN and NOT IN with Lists
76) The ORDER BY clause sorts the final results rows in ascending or descending order.
TRUE
Diff: 1 Page Ref: 273, 274
Topic: Processing Single Tables
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Sorting Results: The ORDER BY Clause
77) A single value returned from an SQL query that includes an aggregate function is called a vector aggregate.
FALSE
Diff: 1 Page Ref: 274
Topic: Processing Single Tables
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Categorizing Results: The GROUP BY Clause
78) When a GROUP BY clause is included in an SQL statement, only those columns with a single value for each group can be included.
TRUE
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 274, 275
Topic: Processing Single Tables
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Categorizing Results: The GROUP BY Clause
79) The HAVING clause and the WHERE clause perform the same operation.
FALSE
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 276, 277
Topic: Processing Single Tables
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Qualifying Results by Categories: The HAVING Clause
80) The following query totals sales for each salesperson.
Select salesperson_id, sum(sales)
from salesperson
group by salesperson_id;
TRUE
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 276
Topic: Processing Single Tables
AACSB: Analytic Skills, Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Categorizing Results: The GROUP BY Clause
81) The following query totals sales in state= 'MA' for each salesperson.
Select salesperson_id, sum(sales)
from salesperson
group by salesperson_id
having state = 'MA';
FALSE
Diff: 3 Page Ref: 276
Topic: Processing Single Tables
AACSB: Analytic Skills, Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Qualifying Results by Categories: The HAVING Clause
82) The ORDER BY clause is the first statement processed in an SQL command.
FALSE
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 277
Topic: Processing Single Tables
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
83) The WHERE clause is always processed before the GROUP BY clause when both occur in a SELECT statement.
TRUE
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 277
Topic: Processing Single Tables
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
84) The FROM clause is the first statement processed in an SQL command.
TRUE
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 277
Topic: Processing Single Tables
AACSB: Analytic Skills, Use of Information Technology
85) The content of dynamic views is generated when they are referenced.
TRUE
Diff: 1 Page Ref: 278
Topic: Processing Single Tables
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Using and Defining Views
86) Materialized views are stored on disk and are never refreshed.
FALSE
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 278, 279
Topic: Processing Single Tables
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Using and Defining Views
87) The views are created by executing a CREATE VIEW SQL command.
TRUE
Diff: 1 Page Ref: 279
Topic: Processing Single Tables
AACSB: Analytic Skills, Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Using and Defining Views
88) When the SELECT clause in the create view statement contains the keyword DISTINCT, the view can be used to update data.
FALSE
Diff: 1 Page Ref: 280
Topic: Processing Single Tables
AACSB: Analytic Skills, Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Using and Defining Views
1) A join operation:
A) brings together data from two different fields.
B) causes two tables with a common domain to be combined into a single table or view.
C) causes two disparate tables to be combined into a single table or view.
D) is used to combine indexing operations.
B
Diff: 1 Page Ref: 290
Topic: Processing Multiple Tables
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
2) A join in which the joining condition is based on equality between values in the common columns is called a(n):
A) equi-join.
B) unilateral join.
C) natural join.
D) both A and C.
D
Diff: 1 Page Ref: 291, 292
Topic: Processing Multiple Tables
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Equi-join
3) A join that is based upon equality between values in two common columns with the same name and where one duplicate column has been removed is called a(n):
A) equi-join.
B) natural join.
C) multivariate join.
D) inner join.
B
Diff: 1 Page Ref: 292, 293
Topic: Processing Multiple Tables
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Natural Join
4) The most commonly used form of join operation is the:
A) outer join.
B) union join.
C) equi-join.
D) natural join.
D
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 292
Topic: Processing Multiple Tables
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Natural Join
5) A join in which rows that do not have matching values in common columns are still included in the result table is called a(n):
A) natural join.
B) equi-join.
C) outer join.
D) union join.
C
Diff: 1 Page Ref: 293, 294
Topic: Processing Multiple Tables
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Outer Join
6) The outer join syntax does not apply easily to a join condition of more than ________ tables.
A) two
B) three
C) four
D) any number of
A
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 294
Topic: Processing Multiple Tables
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Outer Join
7) In which of the following situations would one have to use an outer join in order to obtain the desired results?
A) A report is desired that lists all customers who placed an order.
B) A report is desired that lists all customers and the total of their orders.
C) A report is desired that lists all customers, the total of their orders during the most recent month, and includes customers who did not place an order during the month (their total will be zero).
D) There is never a situation that requires only an outer join.
C
Diff: 3 Page Ref: 293, 294
Topic: Processing Multiple Tables
AACSB: Analytic Skills, Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Outer Join
8) One major advantage of the outer join is that:
A) information is easily accessible.
B) information is not lost.
C) the query is easier to write.
D) all of the above.
B
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 295
Topic: Processing Multiple Tables
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Outer Join
9) An operation to join a table to itself is called a:
A) sufficient-join.
B) inner join.
C) outer join.
D) self-join.
D
Diff: 1 Page Ref: 297
Topic: Processing Multiple Tables
AACSB: Analytic Skills
Subtopic: Self Join
10) A type of join where a table is joined to itself is called a(n):
A) unary join.
B) self-join.
C) unnatural join.
D) pinned join.
B
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 297
Topic: Processing Multiple Tables
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Self Join
11) A type of query that is placed within a WHERE or HAVING clause of another query is called a:
A) master query.
B) subquery.
C) superquery.
D) multi-query.
B
Diff: 1 Page Ref: 298
Topic: Processing Multiple Tables
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Subqueries
12) SQL provides the ________ technique, which involves placing an inner query within the WHERE or HAVING clause of an outer query.
A) grouping
B) joining
C) subquery
D) union
C
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 298, 299
Topic: Processing Multiple Tables
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Subqueries
13) ________ takes a value of true if a subquery returns an intermediate results table which contains one or more rows.
A) IN
B) HAVING
C) EXISTS
D) EXTENTS
C
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 301, 302
Topic: Processing Multiple Tables
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Subqueries
14) EXISTS will take a value of ________ if the subquery returns an intermediate results table which contains one or more rows.
A) FALSE
B) 1
C) TRUE
D) undefined
C
Diff: 1 Page Ref: 302
Topic: Processing Multiple Tables
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Subqueries
15) In SQL, a(n) ________ subquery is a type of subquery in which processing the inner query depends on data from the outer query.
A) correlated
B) paired
C) natural
D) inner
A
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 303
Topic: Processing Multiple Tables
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Correlated Subqueries
16) ________ use the result of the outer query to determine the processing of the inner query.
A) Correlated subqueries
B) Outer subqueries
C) Inner subqueries
D) Subqueries
A
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 303
Topic: Processing Multiple Tables
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Subqueries
17) The ________ clause is used to combine the output from multiple queries into a single result table.
A) INTERSECT
B) DIVIDE
C) COLLATE
D) UNION
D
Diff: 1 Page Ref: 306
Topic: Processing Multiple Tables
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Combining Queries
18) A ________ is a temporary table used in the FROM clause of an SQL query.
A) correlated subquery
B) derived table
C) view table
D) none of the above
B
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 305, 306
Topic: Processing Multiple Tables
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Using Derived Tables
19) In order for two queries to be UNION-compatible, they must:
A) both have the same number of lines in their SQL statements.
B) both output compatible data types for each column and return the same number of rows.
C) both return at least one row.
D) all of the above.
B
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 306
Topic: Processing Multiple Tables
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Combining Queries
20) The UNION clause is used to:
A) combine the output from multiple queries into a single result table.
B) join two tables together to form one table.
C) find all rows that do not match in two tables.
D) none of the above.
A
Diff: 1 Page Ref: 306
Topic: Processing Multiple Tables
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Combining Queries
21) Establishing IF-THEN-ELSE logical processing within an SQL statement can be accomplished by:
A) using the if-then-else construct.
B) using the immediate if statement.
C) using the CASE keyword in a statement.
D) using a subquery.
C
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 308
Topic: Processing Multiple Tables
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Conditional Expressions
22) All of the following are guidelines for better query design EXCEPT:
A) understand how indexes are used in query processing.
B) use a lot of self-joins.
C) write simple queries.
D) retrieve on the data that you need.
B
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 312, 313
Topic: Tips for Developing Queries
AACSB: Analytic Skills
Subtopic: Guidelines for Better Query Design
23) Explicit commands to manage transactions are needed when:
A) a transaction consists of just one SQL command.
B) multiple SQL commands must be run as part of a transaction.
C) autocommit is set to off.
D) none of the above.
B
Diff: 3 Page Ref: 314
Topic: Ensuring Transaction Integrity
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
24) User-defined transactions can improve system performance because:
A) transactions are processed as sets, reducing system overhead.
B) transactions are mapped to SQL statements.
C) speed is improved due to query optimization.
D) all of the above.
A
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 315
Topic: Ensuring Transaction Integrity
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
25) An interactive command that can be used to dynamically control a user session for appropriate integrity measures is:
A) rollback.
B) rollforward.
C) set autocommit.
D) expunge.
C
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 315
Topic: Ensuring Transaction Integrity
AACSB: Analytic Skills, Use of Information Technology
26) The ________ DBA view shows information about all users of the database in Oracle.
A) DBA_USERS
B) USERS
C) DBA_VIEWS
D) DBA_INDEXES
A
Diff: 1 Page Ref: 316
Topic: Data Dictionary Facilities
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
27) If the DBA wishes to describe all tables in the database, which data dictionary view should be accessed in Oracle?
A) dba_tab_privs
B) dba_tab_comments
C) dba_table_label
D) dba_tables
D
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 316
Topic: Data Dictionary Facilities
AACSB: Analytic Skills, Use of Information Technology
28) What results would the following SQL statement produce?
select owner, table_name
from dba_tables
where table_name = 'CUSTOMER';
A) A listing of all customers in the customer table
B) A listing of the owner of the customer table
C) A listing of the owner of the customer table as well as customers
D) An error message
B
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 316
Topic: Data Dictionary Facilities
AACSB: Analytic Skills, Use of Information Technology
29) User-defined data types:
A) can be a subclass of a standard type.
B) can behave as an object.
C) can have defined functions and methods.
D) can have all of the above.
D
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 317
Topic: SQL: 2008 Enhancements and Extensions to SQL
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
30) A new set of analytical functions added in SQL:2008 is referred to as:
A) OLAF functions.
B) MOLAP functions.
C) average functions.
D) OLAP functions.
D
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 317
Topic: SQL: 2008 Enhancements and Extensions to SQL
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Analytical Functions
31) RANK and DENSE-RANK are examples of:
A) ceilings.
B) door functions.
C) window functions.
D) moving functions.
C
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 318
Topic: SQL: 2008 Enhancements and Extensions to SQL
AACSB: Analytic Skills, Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Analytical Functions
32) All of the following are new data types added in SQL:200n EXCEPT:
A) BIGINT.
B) BIT.
C) MULTISET.
D) XML.
B
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 319
Topic: SQL: 2008 Enhancements and Extensions to SQL
AACSB: Analytic Skills, Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: New Data Types
33) ________ differs from array because it can contain duplicates.
A) BIGINT
B) XML
C) MULTISET
D) TABLE
C
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 319
Topic: SQL: 2008 Enhancements and Extensions to SQL
AACSB: Analytic Skills
Subtopic: New Data Types
34) The MERGE command:
A) allows one to combine the INSERT and UPDATE operations.
B) allows one to combine the INSERT and DELETE operations.
C) joins 2 tables together.
D) none of the above.
A
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 319-320
Topic: SQL: 2008 Enhancements and Extensions to SQL
AACSB: Analytic Skills, Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Other Enhancements
35) Extensions defined in SQL-99 that include the capability to create and drop modules of code stored in the database schema across user sessions are called:
A) stored procedures.
B) Persistent Stored Modules.
C) flow control modules.
D) none of the above.
B
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 320
Topic: SQL: 2008 Enhancements and Extensions to SQL
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Programming Extensions
36) A named set of SQL statements that are considered when a data modification occurs are called:
A) stored procedures.
B) treatments.
C) triggers.
D) trapdoors.
C
Diff: 1 Page Ref: 321
Topic: Triggers and Routines
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
37) All of the following are part of the coding structure for triggers EXCEPT:
A) event.
B) condition.
C) selection.
D) action.
C
Diff: 1 Page Ref: 323
Topic: Triggers and Routines
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Triggers
38) While triggers run automatically, ________ do not and have to be called.
A) trapdoors
B) routines
C) selects
D) updates
B
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 324
Topic: Triggers and Routines
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Routines
39) SQL-invoked routines can be:
A) procedures.
B) functions.
C) all of the above.
D) none of the above.
C
Diff: 1 Page Ref: 324
Topic: Triggers and Routines
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Routines
40) All of the following are advantages of SQL-invoked routines EXCEPT:
A) flexibility.
B) efficiency.
C) sharability.
D) security.
D
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 324
Topic: Triggers and Routines
AACSB: Analytic Skills, Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Routines
41) A procedure is:
A) stored within the database.
B) given a unique name.
C) called by name.
D) all of the above.
D
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 324
Topic: Triggers and Routines
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Routines
42) Embedded SQL consists of:
A) hard-coded SQL statements included in a program written in another language.
B) SQL encapsulated inside of other SQL statements.
C) SQL written into a front-end application.
D) SQL translated to a lower-level language.
A
Diff: 1 Page Ref: 327
Topic: Embedded SQL and Dynamic SQL
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
43) In order to embed SQL inside of another language, the ________ statement must be placed before the SQL in the host language.
A) GET SQL
B) EXEC SQL
C) RUN SQL
D) SQL SQL
B
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 328
Topic: Embedded SQL and Dynamic SQL
AACSB: Analytic Skills, Use of Information Technology
44) Dynamic SQL:
A) is used to generate appropriate SQL code on the fly as an application is processing.
B) is quite volatile.
C) is not used widely on the Internet.
D) creates a less flexible application.
A
Diff: 1 Page Ref: 327
Topic: Embedded SQL and Dynamic SQL
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
45) An equi-join is a join in which one of the duplicate columns is eliminated in the result table.
FALSE
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 291
Topic: Processing Multiple Tables
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Equi-join
46) A join in which the joining condition is based on equality between values in the common column is called a(n) equi-join.
TRUE
Diff: 1 Page Ref: 291
Topic: Processing Multiple Tables
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Equi-join
47) The joining condition of an equi-join is based upon an equality.
TRUE
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 291
Topic: Processing Multiple Tables
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Equi-join
48) A natural join is the same as an equi-join, except that it is performed over matching columns that have been defined with the same name, and one of the duplicate columns is eliminated.
TRUE
Diff: 1 Page Ref: 292
Topic: Processing Multiple Tables
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Natural Join
49) The natural join is very rarely used.
FALSE
Diff: 1 Page Ref: 292
Topic: Processing Multiple Tables
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Natural Join
50) An SQL query that implements an outer join will return rows that do not have matching values in common columns.
TRUE
Diff: 1 Page Ref: 293
Topic: Processing Multiple Tables
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Outer Join
51) Using an outer join produces this information: rows that do not have matching values in common columns are not included in the result table.
FALSE
Diff: 1 Page Ref: 293
Topic: Processing Multiple Tables
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Outer Join
52) One major disadvantage of the outer join is that information is easily lost.
FALSE
Diff: 3 Page Ref: 295
Topic: Processing Multiple Tables
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Outer Join
53) There is a special operation in SQL to join a table to itself.
FALSE
Diff: 3 Page Ref: 297
Topic: Processing Multiple Tables
AACSB: Analytic Skills
Subtopic: Self Join
54) Joining tables or using a subquery may produce the same result.
TRUE
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 299
Topic: Processing Multiple Tables
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Subqueries
55) The following queries produce the same results.
select customer_name, customer_city
from customer, salesman
where customer.salesman_id = salesman.salesman_id
and salesman.lname = 'SMITH';
select customer_name, customer_city
from customer
where customer.salesman_id =
(select salesman_id
from salesman
where lname = 'SMITH');
TRUE
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 299
Topic: Processing Multiple Tables
AACSB: Analytic Skills, Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Subqueries
56) The following query will execute without errors.
select customer.customer_name, salesman.sales_quota
from customer
where customer.salesman_id =
(select salesman_id
where lname = 'SMITH');
FALSE
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 298
Topic: Processing Multiple Tables
AACSB: Analytic Skills, Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Subqueries
57) In order to find out what customers have not placed an order for a particular item, one might use the NOT qualifier along with the IN qualifier.
TRUE
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 301
Topic: Processing Multiple Tables
AACSB: Analytic Skills, Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Subqueries
58) EXISTS takes a value of false if the subquery returns an intermediate result set.
FALSE
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 302
Topic: Processing Multiple Tables
AACSB: Analytic Skills, Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Subqueries
59) When EXISTS or NOT EXISTS is used in a subquery, the select list of the subquery will usually just select all columns as a placeholder because it doesn't matter which columns are returned.
TRUE
Diff: 1 Page Ref: 303
Topic: Processing Multiple Tables
AACSB: Analytic Skills, Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Subqueries
60) A subquery in which processing the inner query depends on data from the outer query is called a codependent query.
FALSE
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 303
Topic: Processing Multiple Tables
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Subqueries
61) The following SQL statement is an example of a correlated subquery.
select first_name, last_name, total_sales
from salesman s1
where total_sales > all
(select total_sales from salesman s2
where s1.salesman_id != s2.salesman_id);
TRUE
Diff: 3 Page Ref: 303
Topic: Processing Multiple Tables
AACSB: Analytic Skills, Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Subqueries
62) A correlated subquery is executed once for each iteration through the outer loop.
TRUE
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 303
Topic: Processing Multiple Tables
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Correlated Subqueries
63) Subqueries can only be used in the WHERE clause.
FALSE
Diff: 1 Page Ref: 305
Topic: Processing Multiple Tables
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Using Derived Tables
64) The UNION clause is used to combine the output from multiple queries into a single result table.
TRUE
Diff: 1 Page Ref: 307
Topic: Processing Multiple Tables
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Combining Queries
65) IF-THEN-ELSE logical processing cannot be accomplished within an SQL statement.
FALSE
Diff: 1 Page Ref: 308
Topic: Processing Multiple Tables
AACSB: Analytic Skills, Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Conditional Expressions
66) Figuring out what attributes you want in your query before you write the query will help with query writing.
TRUE
Diff: 1 Page Ref: 311
Topic: Tips for Developing Queries
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
67) It is better not to have a result set identified before writing GROUP BY and HAVING clauses for a query.
FALSE
Diff: 1 Page Ref: 311
Topic: Tips for Developing Queries
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
68) Specifying the attribute names in the SELECT statement will make it easier to find errors in queries and also correct for problems that may occur in the base system.
FALSE
Diff: 1 Page Ref: 312
Topic: Tips for Developing Queries
AACSB: Analytic Skills
69) Correlated subqueries are less efficient than queries that do not use nesting.
TRUE
Diff: 1 Page Ref: 313
Topic: Tips for Developing Queries
AACSB: Analytic Skills
Subtopic: Guidelines for Better Query Design
70) Combining a table with itself results in a faster query.
FALSE
Diff: 1 Page Ref: 313
Topic: Three-Tiered Database Location Architecture
AACSB: Analytic Skills
Subtopic: Guidelines for Better Query Design
71) A transaction is the complete set of closely related update commands that must all be done, or none of them done, for the database to remain valid.
TRUE
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 314
Topic: Ensuring Transaction Integrity
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
72) Transaction integrity commands are not used to identify whole units of database changes that must be completed in full for the database to retain integrity.
FALSE
Diff: 3 Page Ref: 315
Topic: Ensuring Transaction Integrity
AACSB: Analytic Skills, Use of Information Technology
73) RDBMSs store database definition information in system-created tables which can be considered a data dictionary.
TRUE
Diff: 1 Page Ref: 315
Topic: Data Dictionary Facilities
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
74) DBA_USERS contains comments on all tables in an Oracle database.
FALSE
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 316
Topic: Data Dictionary Facilities
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
75) SQL:2008 allows one to calculate linear regressions, moving averages and correlations without moving the data outside of the database.
TRUE
Diff: 1 Page Ref: 317
Topic: SQL: 2008 Enhancements and Extensions to SQL
AACSB: Analytic Skills, Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Analytical Functions
76) MULTISET is similar to the table datatype.
FALSE
Diff: 1 Page Ref: 319
Topic: SQL: 2008 Enhancements and Extensions to SQL
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: New Data Types
77) Persistent Stored Modules are extensions defined in SQL:1999 that include the capability to add and drop modules of code.
TRUE
Diff: 1 Page Ref: 320
Topic: SQL: 2008 Enhancements and Extensions to SQL
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Programming Extensions
78) A routine is a named set of SQL statements that are considered when a data modification occurs.
FALSE
Diff: 1 Page Ref: 321
Topic: Triggers and Routines
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
79) Constraints are a special case of triggers.
TRUE
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 322
Topic: Triggers and Routines
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Triggers
80) Triggers can be used to ensure referential integrity, enforce business rules, create audit trails, replicate tables, but cannot call other triggers.
FALSE
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 322
Topic: Triggers and Routines
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Triggers
81) Triggers have three parts: the event, the condition, and the action.
TRUE
Diff: 1 Page Ref: 323
Topic: Triggers and Routines
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Triggers
82) A function has only input parameters but can return multiple values.
FALSE
Diff: 1 Page Ref: 324
Topic: Triggers and Routines
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Routines
83) The advantages of SQL-invoked routines are flexibility, efficiency, shareability and applicability.
TRUE
Diff: 1 Page Ref: 324
Topic: Triggers and Routines
AACSB: Analytic Skills, Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Routines
84) A procedure is run by calling it by its name.
TRUE
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 325
Topic: Triggers and Routines
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Routines
85) SQL statements can be included in another language, such as C or Java.
TRUE
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 327
Topic: Embedded SQL and Dynamic SQL
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
86) When a subquery is used in the FROM clause, it is called a denied table.
FALSE
Diff: 1 Page Ref: 305
Topic: Processing Multiple Tables
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Using Derived Tables
87) Establishing IF-THEN-ELSE logical processing within an SQL statement can now be accomplished by using the CASE keyword in a statement.
TRUE
Diff: 1 Page Ref: 308
Topic: Processing Multiple Tables
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Conditional Expressions
88) User-defined functions can improve system performance because they will be processed as sets rather than individually, thus reducing system overhead.
FALSE
Diff: 2 Page Ref: 315
Topic: Ensuring Transaction Integrity
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
89) Persistent Sorted Modules are extensions defined in SQL-99 that include the capability to create and drop modules of code stored in the database schema across user sessions.
FALSE
Diff: 1 Page Ref: 320
Topic: SQL: 2008 Enhancements and Extensions to SQL
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Programming Extensions
90) A trigger is a named set of SQL statements that are considered when a data modification occurs.
TRUE
Diff: 1 Page Ref: 321
Topic: Triggers and Routines
AACSB: Use of Information Technology
Subtopic: Triggers