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50 Cards in this Set

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1. Which of the following is an example of a synarthrotic joint?

a) the sutures between two cranial bones


c) the joint between a tooth and the mandible.d) all of the above are examples of synarthrotic joints.



2, Which of the following pairs of anatomical terms are correctly associated with theirsynonym (two words that mean the same)?
cranial, superior
3. The study of the structure of molecules is also known as:
Structural biology
4. In this method of visualizing internal structures, a strong magnetic field and lowfrequency sound waves are used.
MRI

If a section is taken through the body that produces superior and inferior body halves,then this is a section along the _______ plane.

Horizontal


Transverse

6. Which of the following is/are (a) non-membranous organelle?

a) flagella


b) microvilli


c) cilia


d) cytoskeleton


e) all of the above are non-membranous organelles.

7. Which of the following organelle is involved in movement of chromosomes during celldivision?

centrioles

8. These are vesicles contain digestive enzymes involved in removal of damagedorganelles.

Lysosomes

9. One of the characteristic features of this primary tissue type is that the cells arepolarized (i.e. they have an apical and basal end).

epithelia

10. These types of membranes line body passages that open to the body surface.

mucous membranes

11. One of the characteristic features of this primary tissue type is that the cells make up aminority of the tissue volume.

connective tissue

With regard to bone, osteocytes are found in:

the lacunae

Which of the following bones develop by intramembranous ossification?

a) patella


b) clavicle


c) parietal


d) all of the above

14. In which type of connective tissue would you expect to find an approximately equalmixture of extracellular protein fibers and ground substance?

Connective tissue proper

The epithelia cells of this type of membrane produce a secretion called transudate.

serous membranes

This is the extra stratum of epidermal cells found only in thick skin.

stratum lucidum

This is the stratum where Langerhan cells (a.k.a. Dendritic cells) are most commonlyfound.

stratum spinosum

As the epidermal cells move through this stratum they die

stratum granulosum

As epidermal cells move through this stratum desmosomes form holding the cellstogether

stratum spinosum

20. The synthesis of keratin and keratohyalin reaches its peak as the epidermal cells movethrough this stratum.

stratum granulosum

21. This type of hair is fine in diameter and lacks pigment.

Vellus hair

22. In which type of tissue would you expect to find glial cells?

neural tissue

23. Which of the following is/are an accessory joint structure?

bursa


menisci


fat pads


intracapsular ligaments



24. In terms of the classification of bones based on their most prominent feature, whichof the following is/are a short bone?

the cuboid bone




the scaphoid





25. In terms of the classification of bones based on their most prominent feature, whichof the following is/are an irregular bone?

a lumbar vertebra

26. Which of the following is/are TRUE of nails?

They consist of dead, keratinized epidermal cells.




They serve, in part, to prevent mechanical distortion of the fingertip whengrasping an object.

27. Which of the following best describes an amphiarthrotic type joint?

a) Joints where slight movement between the articular elements is allowed tooccur

28. In terms of the classification of bones based on their most prominent feature, whichof the following is/are an pneumatized bone?

the ethmoid

29. Which of the following integumentary glands produce a viscous, cloudy solutionresponsible for body odor?

Apocrine sweat glands

Which of the following develop during puberty?

Apocrine sweat glands

31. The secretions of sebaceous glands _____.

a) coat the hairs and surface of the integument helping to prevent dessication.




b) contain anti-bacterial enzymes and antibodies that prevent bacterial growth on thesurface of the epidermis.



c) are sometimes associated with hair follicles.


d) all of the above correctly complete the sentence.

32. Which of the following is/are TRUE?

b) Incisions made parallel to the lines of cleavage is easier to close and will remainclosed better than one made across the lines of cleavage.

33. In this type of epithelium the cells are box-shaped and have their nucleus located nearthe center of the cell

cuboidal epithelial cells

The epidermis is an example of a _____.

stratified squamous epithelium

35. Which of the following is made up of fibrocartilage?

a minicus

Sebaceous glands use this method of secretion

holocrine

37. In this method of secretion the epithelial cell bursts open releasing secretoryvesicles.

holocrine

38. In this mode of secretion the apical end of the epithelial cell becomes filledwith vesicles and breaks off from the rest of the cell.

apocrine

39. In this type of secretion secretory vesicles are exocytosed across the cellmembrane at the apical end of the epithelial cell.

merocrine

40. This type of intercellular attachment holds the cell membrane of adjacent cellsso closely together that fluids cannot pass between the cells.
Tight junctions (occluding junctions)
41. This type of intercellular attachment connects the cytoplasm of one cell to thecytoplasm of an adjacent cell.
Gap junctions (communicating junctions)

42. This type of intercellular attachment is characteristic of the lining of theintestinal tract.

Tight junctions (occluding junctions)

43. An intercellular attachment of this type is characteristically found betweenepidermal cells and the basement membrane.

Desmosomes (anchoring junctions)

A diarthrosis is also termed a synovial joint.

TRUE

The central canal of an osteon is lined by periosteum

FALSE

Unlike bone, cartilage is not vascularized.

TRUE

The pelvic cavity is a subdivision of the thoracic cavity.

FALSE

Hyaline cartilage is the most common type of cartilage in the body.

TRUE

Epithelia are attached to the basement membrane by hemidesmosomes.

TRUE

Once an epidermal cell reaches the surface of the epidermis it takes up to two weeks before it is shed.

TRUE AND FALSE