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33 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Purpose of Political Parties

  • is to nominate candidates for public office and to get as many of them elected as possible
  • once elected, these officials try to achieve the goals of their party through legislation and program initiatives

Republican Party

Red Elephant

Red Elephant

Interest Groups

organization of people with common interests that tries to influence government and its policies

Role of media in elections

monitors, shapes and determines the public agenda


reports on leaders & issues they think are important


can be biased or inaccurate

secrecy of ballots

anonymous so people feel free to vote how they want without outside pressure

factors that influence voting

  • Income/Occupation
  • Education
  • Gender/Age
  • Religious and Ethnic Background
  • Geography

universal requirements for voting

1.States require voters to be resident
2.A person can have only one residence
3.Some states have provided registration qualifications that require people to have lived in a place for a certain amount of time
4.Naturalized citizens can vote once they become citizens

Liberal

  • believe in government action to achieve equal opportunity and equality for all.
  • government to alleviate social ills and to protect civil liberties and individual and human rights.
  • role of the government should be to guarantee that no one is in need.
  • emphasize the need for the government to solve problems.

Left vs. Right

opposite ends of the political spectrum

open primary

primary election in which any registered voter may vote in either party's primary election

closed primary

primary election in which only voters registered as party members can vote in selecting that party's candidates

election day

  • a day legally established for the election of public officials
  • the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November in an even year designated for national elections in the United States

nomination

naming a candidate for political office

general election

regular election of candidates for an office

caucus

meeting of party members who select the candidates to run for election

ballot

a process of voting, in writing and typically in secret

precinct

smallest unit or area for administering elections and local voting

polling place

a building where voting takes place during an election

public opinion

aggregation of views shared by a segment of society on issues of interest or concern to people

poll

survey of people scientifically selected to provide opinions about something

political socialization

the process by which people acquire political beliefs

suffrage

right to vote

electorate

the body of people entitled to vote

disenfranchised

deprive (someone) of the right to vote.

independent

not associated with any political party

incumbent

person currently holding political office

political party

organized group that seeks to win elections in order to influence the activities of government

ideology

a system of ideas and ideals, especially one that forms the basis of economic or political theory and policy.

platform

a political party’s stand on important issues and
the party’s general principles

exit polls

survey of randomly selected fraction of voters after they have voted

endorse

publicly declare support for a particular candidate in an election

Democratic Party

Blue Donkey

Blue Donkey

Conservative

  • believe in personal responsibility, limited government, free markets, individual liberty, traditional American values and a strong national defense
  • government should provide people the freedom necessary to pursue their own goals
  • emphasize empowerment of the individual to solve problems