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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
1. According to the textbook, prosocial behavior is defined
b. as any behavior that is good for other people or for society as a whole.
2. According to the textbook, the opposite of prosocial behavior is
b. antisocial behavior.
3. Which of the following is NOT a good example of prosocial behavior?
d. Wearing a jacket when it is cold
4. As discussed in the textbook, the sociologist Phil Kunz once performed a study in which he sent 578 Christmas cards to a sample of complete strangers living in Chicago, Illinois. He received a total of 117 cards in return, as well as several phone calls—despite the fact that he did not know any of these people. Kunz's findings provide good evidence of:
a. reciprocity.
5. Equity and equality are two types of __________.
c. norms
6. Jose sometimes feels that he is a "taker" rather than a "giver"—that he is not contributing his fair share at work or in relationships. Research suggests that, as a result, Jose is likely to
d. feel depressed, feel guilty, and look for opportunities to give back more.
7. Alicia and her friends are singing karaoke. Alicia is an extremely talented singer—much better than her friends. She feels awkward about being so good, however, so she sort of "fakes bad”; she doesn't want her friends to be envious of her singing talent. Social psychologists would say that Alicia is experiencing
b. sensitivity about being the target of threatening upward comparison.
8. If you are concerned that you are getting less than you deserve, then social psychologists would say that you are worried about __________; if you are concerned that you are getting MORE than you deserve then social psychologists would say that you are worried about ________.
b. being underbenefited, being overbenefited
9. Social psychologists often make use of a game called __________ to study people's tendencies to cooperate versus compete.
b. the prisoner's dilemma
10. How does money impact self-sufficiency?
b. More money tends to increase one’s sense of self-sufficiency.
11. Research on forgiveness in relationships indicates that
b. more forgiveness ultimately leads to better relationships.
12. People who forgive others tend to have
a. better physical and mental health than people who hold grudges.
13. What percent of women wash their hands after using the restroom if they believe no one else is in the restroom?
b. 39%
14. A series of studies conducted in restaurants indicates that when people dine in groups, they tend to order __________. This finding can be explained by the fact that __________.
b. a variety of different items—more variety than expected by chance, people don't like to order the same items that others are ordering.
15. During the hurricane and subsequent flooding in New Orleans several years ago, survivors reported that they were much more likely to search for displaced family members than for friends. This finding supports the idea of
b. kin selection.
16. Social psychologists distinguish between two types of helping, which are defined by different motives:
d. altruistic and egoistic
17. Last weekend Victor helped his sister move into her new apartment. He didn't really feel like helping her, but he wanted to put her "in his debt," because he is planning to ask her if he can stay at her place for a couple of weeks. By helping his sister move, Victor was thus apparently engaging in
a. egoistic helping.
18. The notion that “feeling another’s pain” motivates us to help others is called the
b. empathy-altruism hypothesis.
19. According to the hypothesis, people help others to relieve their own distress
d. negative state relief
20. In general, in which of the following situations are women more likely to offer help than men?
a. In close relationships
21. Research on gender and helping indicates that female helpers
b. are more likely to help females than males.
22. As discussed in the textbook, "spring break sex" (low-commitment sex) often represents a "good deal" for men and a "bad deal" for women. Interestingly, both men and women tend to travel in same-sex packs during spring break. Moreover,
a. while men do things to try to help each other succeed at engaging in sex, women do things to help each other avoid engaging in any (regrettable) sex.
23. If a bus full of mixed-sex beautiful people crashed into a bus full of mixed-sex ugly people, would the beautiful group be more likely to receive top-notch help?
a. Yes—regardless of the circumstances
24. Someone who is high on the dimension of belief in a just world would be MOST likely to agree with a statement like
c. "People who are in jail right now deserve to be there."
25. In general, how does mood affect helping?
a. People in good moods tend to be more helpful.
26. In social psychology, the tendency for people to be less likely to offer help when they are in the presence of others than when they aren't is known as
b. the bystander effect.
27. Pluralistic ignorance is MOST likely to occur
d. when you are with a group of strangers.
28. In terms of your willingness to offer help to others, audience inhibition can be an obstacle to which of the following?
a. Deciding whether or not to help
29. In one well-known study of helping behavior, researchers examined helping among a sample of theology students. Students were either (a) put under time pressure or not put under time pressure and (b) expecting to give a speech about the parable of the (very helpful) Good Samaritan or expecting to give a speech about something else. What did the researchers find?
b. In this study, helping was not affected by the speech manipulation.
30. Suppose that you are in an emergency situation and need help. Social psychological research suggests that your BEST bet is to
b. identify a particular person, tell him or her that you need help, and tell him or her precisely what to do.