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25 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Constitutional Convention

meeting held in Philadelphia to create a new constitution

James Madison

a leading convention delegate from Virginia

Virginia Plan

a plan giving supreme power to the central government and creating a bicameral legislature made of two groups, or houses, of representatives

New Jersey Plan

a plan creating a unicameral, or one-house, legislature

Great Compromise

an agreement that gave each state one vote in the upper house and a number of representatives based on its populations in the lower house

Three-Fifths Compromise

only three-fifths of a state's slaves were counted when deciding representation in Congress

popular sovereignty

the idea that political power belongs to the people


the sharing of power between a central government and the states

legislature branch

a Congress of two houses that proposes and passes laws

executive branch

the president and the departments that help run the government

judicial branch

a system of all the national courts

checks and balances

a system that keeps any branch of government from becoming to powerful


changes or additions to the Constitution


people who opposed the Constitution

George Mason

delegate who opposed the Constitution


people who supported the Constitution


official changes to a document

Bill of Rights

Constitutional amendments that protect the rights of citizens


to plead in favor of

Name one reason Philadelphia was chosen as the site of the Convention?

It was where America had declared independence

What action did the delegates took about the slave trade?

They agreed to end the slave trade in 20 years.

Why did George Mason oppose the Constitution?

It was because it did not contain a section that guaranteed individual rights.

Why did states hold constitutional conventions?

It was to give citizens the right to discuss and vote on the Constitution.

What kind of bill did several states demanded?

They wanted a bill that would promise and protect individual rights.

Why do you think the Constitution has lasted more than 200 years?

It fits the needs of a changing nation.