Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/25

Click to flip

25 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Constitutional Convention

meeting held in Philadelphia to create a new constitution



James Madison

a leading convention delegate from Virginia



Virginia Plan

a plan giving supreme power to the central government and creating a bicameral legislature made of two groups, or houses, of representatives

New Jersey Plan

a plan creating a unicameral, or one-house, legislature

Great Compromise

an agreement that gave each state one vote in the upper house and a number of representatives based on its populations in the lower house

Three-Fifths Compromise

only three-fifths of a state's slaves were counted when deciding representation in Congress

popular sovereignty

the idea that political power belongs to the people

federalism

the sharing of power between a central government and the states

legislature branch

a Congress of two houses that proposes and passes laws

executive branch

the president and the departments that help run the government

judicial branch

a system of all the national courts

checks and balances

a system that keeps any branch of government from becoming to powerful

amendments

changes or additions to the Constitution

antifederalists

people who opposed the Constitution

George Mason

delegate who opposed the Constitution

Federalists

people who supported the Constitution

amendments

official changes to a document

Bill of Rights

Constitutional amendments that protect the rights of citizens



advocate

to plead in favor of

Name one reason Philadelphia was chosen as the site of the Convention?

It was where America had declared independence

What action did the delegates took about the slave trade?

They agreed to end the slave trade in 20 years.

Why did George Mason oppose the Constitution?

It was because it did not contain a section that guaranteed individual rights.

Why did states hold constitutional conventions?

It was to give citizens the right to discuss and vote on the Constitution.

What kind of bill did several states demanded?

They wanted a bill that would promise and protect individual rights.

Why do you think the Constitution has lasted more than 200 years?

It fits the needs of a changing nation.