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60 Cards in this Set

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As individuals move into early childhood, the primary goal with respect to movement is

The emergence of movement skill

Gabbard has referred to fundamental skills as the "movement foundation" because of their importance in

Complex skill combination used in sporting activities

Fundamental movement skills can be divided into the following three general groupings

Stability skills, locomoter skills, manipulative skills

A synonym for "qualitative" is

Process

With regard to the whole body approach, Wild suggested that

Children move through relatively invariant stages of development for the entire body

Researchers working with young children use observable motor behavior as a window into

Gross motor, affective, and cognitive development

As people move into older adulthood, they are predominately

Adapting their movements due to changes in their organismic constraints

A runner who as at at the mature stage demonstrates

Complete extension of the support leg

The learner with a solid base of fundamental movement skills

Is likely to enjoy organized athletic pursuits

It is appropriate to measure improvement in movements skills by

Examining either the movement process or the movement product

A student throwing a baseball for distance and accuracy should

Demonstrate clear rotation through the hips and spine

Spontaneous movements

Are also referred to rhythmical stereotypies

The standing long jump

Involves swinging the legs forward in preparation for a two-footed landing

A kicker at the initial stage

Maintains an erect trunk

With respect to the overarm throw for distance and accuracy,

More girls than boys remain unskilled into their middle school years

Body stature and weight are examples of what type of constraint

Structural constraint

The interaction of genetic and environmental constraints is complex. Which of the following is the most correct statement?

Training in athletics has a huge impact on performance, but genetic endowment might restrict ultimate levels of performance

Stating that 50% of athletic potential is derived from genotype menas

50% of the variability of athletic success among groups of people is genetic

Which growth curve of stature best describes rates of change in height?

Velocity curve

Which growth curve of stature best describes height at different ages?

Distance curve

After growth has ceased, why is the height of women less than height of men?

On average, women grow for two years less than men

Which of the following tissue is 25% of weight at birth, 54% of weight in men at maturity, and 45% of weight in women at maturity? In other words, which of the following demonstrates the greatest development change relative to other issues?

Muscular

Which of the following changes the least during the growth years relative to other body segments?

Head

An early-maturing male

Is likely to exceed age peers athletically until age peers catch up in growth

Visual acuity of 20/40 means that

I see at 20 feet what most people see at 40 feet

The ability to see in three dimensions is called

Depth Perception

Growth in number of muscle fibers is referred to as

Hyperplasia

From birth to age 20, heart rates

Decrease

Which of the hormones is primarily responsible for the adolescent growth spurt

Adrenal

Which of the following provides information about body position?

Kinesthesis

The use of images and words emerges most dramatically in which of Piaget's stages?

Preoperational thought

Logical thinking about events experienced occurs in which of Piaget's stages

Concrete operations

Learning cause and effect about one's movements occurs in which of Piaget's stages

Sensorimotor period

Decision making in sport is most closely associated with which of the following

Procedural knowledge

An athlete who intentionally problem solves about new situations in his sport is demonstrating

Metacognitive skills

Factual knowledge about action is called

Declarative knowledge

In terms of the developmental relationship between knowing and doing in highly strategic sports like basketball, which of the following is true

Declarative knowledge and decision making develops prior to skill execution

What type of expertise is an efficient and refined pattern of movement

Limited information processing capabilities

What type of expertise is an efficient and refined patter of movement

Technical

Several attention mechanisms, each having limited capacity, are associated with which theory of attention?

Multiple resource

Place the following in correct developmental order: 1) overinclusive, 2) overexclusive, and 3) selective attention.

2,1,3

1) Knowing; 2) knowing about knowing, and 3) knowing how to know

1,3,2

Remembering personal events is called

Episodic memory

Recognizing the similarity of new movements to previous ones is a means of enhancing recall of movements. This is an example of which of the following?

Meaningfulness

Organizing a great deal of information into groups is referred to as

Subjective Organization

Teachers and peers become important social agents in this stage propose by Erikson, during which the child strives to meet with success but social comparison and feedback may produce feelings of failure

Industry versus inferiority


"Who am I?" in the social world is a part of which Erikson stage

Identity versus role confusion

1) industry, 2) autonomy, 3) basic trust, and 4) identity

3,2,1,4

"What am I like as a person? Your are probablyh not going to understand, I'm complicated. I'm very responsible at work, which makes me feel good about myself." These are feelings from which of Erikson's stages

Middle adolescence

In Harter's model of competence motivation, success at challenges that are not too difficult or too easy leads to

Perceptions of competence and Positive Affect

Which of the following social agents plays the largest role in developing a sense of movement competence for children under 10 years old

Parents

Which of the following motivation types refers to behaviors that provide a means to an end

Extrinsic motivation

Which three human needs are satisfied through self-determination motivation theory

Relatedness, autonomy, competence

Which of the following reasons to participate in sport is not usually mentioned by children and adolescents

Win games

Which of the following is helpful to most young athletes

Moderate Arousal

Copying a model's style and skill is evident at what developmental level of self-regulation

Emulation

Self-motivational beliefs are in what phase of Zimmerman's model of self-regulation

Forethought

Which of the following have the greatest impact on adolescent participation

Peers

Which of the following is NOT self-regulatory action in forethought

Self-evaluation

Which of the following are sources of self-efficacy

Past mastery experiences and verbal persuasion