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17 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
h2o percentage in infants
77%
H2o percentage in elderly
45%
What is ADH
what does it do?
Where is it found in the brain?
antidiuretic hormone

decrease urine output

Post-pit of brain
S&S of dehydration
poor skin turgor
weightloss
weakness
dry membranes
high urine specific gravity with low volume
increased hematocrit
weak,rapid, thready pulse
S&S of fluid overload
weight gain
possible edema
^ BP
crackles in lungs
low urine SG with high volume
BMP Levels
Na+ : 135-145
K+ : 3.5-5.4
Co2: 22-26
BUN: 7-23
Glucose: 80-120
Creatinine: 0.4-1.6
Chloride: 100-110
ABG levels
PH: 7.35 - 7.45
Co2: 35-45
Hco3: 22-26
Pediatric formula for fluids
20 cc per Kg
ways to give fluid
PO
IV
TPN
Enema
PICC
CVL (central venous line)
S&S of HYPOnatremia
mental confusion
muscle cramps
seizures
S&S of HYPERnatremia
dry mucous membranes
loss of skin turgor
siezure
oliguria
S&S of HYPOkalemia
muscle weakness
decreased reflexes
paralysis
ECG changes (small T-waves)
ABD pain
S&S of HYPERkalemia
Elevated T waves on EKG
S&S of HYPOcalcemia
Shvostek's sign
Trousseau's sign
muscle spams
S&S of HYPERcalcemia
abd pain
anorexia
constipation
polyuria
Foods high in sodium
catsup
dried fruits
canned foods
tomato or vegetable juice
foods high in potassium
avacado
baked potato
tuna/codfish