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23 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Ida Tarbell
launched a devastating exposé against Standard Oil and its ruthlessness. She was a famous Muckraker. One of the most important female muckrakers.
Robert M. LaFollette
American Republican (and later a Progressive) politician. He served as a member of the U.S. House of Representatives, was the Governor of Wisconsin, and was also a U.S. Senator from Wisconsin (1906 to 1925). He ran for President of the United States as the nominee of his own Progressive Party in 1924, carrying Wisconsin and 17% of the national popular vote. best remembered as a proponent of progressivism and a vocal opponent of railroad trusts, bossism, World War I, and the League of Nations. He formed the national progressive republican party
Frances Willard
was an American educator, temperance reformer, and women's suffragist. Her influence was instrumental in the passage of the Eighteenth (Prohibition) and Nineteenth (Women Suffrage) Amendments to the United States Constitution. Willard became the national president of the World Woman's Christian Temperance Union, or World WCTU, in 1879, and remained president for 19 years, her vision progressed to include federal aid to education, free school lunches, unions for workers, the eight-hour work day, work relief for the poor, municipal sanitation and boards of health, national transportation, strong anti-rape laws, and protections against child abuse.
Charles Evans Hughes
governor of New York, gained fame by investigating the malpractices of gas and insurance companies. An important leader in the progressive movement
Upton Sinclair 1906
novel,"The Jungle"enlightened the American public to the horrors of the meatpacking industry, thus helping to force changes. Even though he was trying to write a pro socialist book about slaughterhouse workers. He hit americas stomachs not their hears
exposers of the corruption of trusts, or “muckrakers,” as Theodore Roosevelt called them,Despite criticism, reformer-writers ranged far and wide to lay bare the muck on the back of American society.The muckrakers sincerely believed that cures for the ills of American democracy, was more democracy.
17th Amendment
1913, the 17th Amendment provided for direct election of senators.
18th Amendment
1919, the 18th Amendment prohibited the sale and drinking of alcohol.
Women's Trade Union League
an organization of both working class and more well-off women formed in 1903 to support the efforts of women to organize labor unions and to eliminate sweatshop conditions. The WTUL played an important role in supporting the massive strikes in the first two decades of the twentieth century that established the International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union and Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America and in campaigning for women's suffrage among men and women workers.
Muller V. Oregon
(1908) found attorney Louis D. Brandeis persuading the Supreme Court to accept the constitutionality of laws that protected women workers.
Triangle ShirtWaist Fire
Progressives also made major improvements in the fight against child labor, especially after a 1911 fire at the Triangle Shirtwaist Company in NYC which killed 146 workers, mostly young women. This later lead to factories taking better care of their workers with insurance and better conditions
Meat Inspection Act
1906 decreed that the preparation of meat shipped over state lines would be subject to federal inspection from corral to can. If passed would be stamped by the government. This lead to small meatpacking businesses to struggle
Pure Food and Drug Act 1906
tried to prevent the adulteration and mislabeling of foods and pharmaceuticals.
Another reason for new acts was to make sure European markets could trust American beef and other meat.
Yosemite National Park
In 1913, San Francisco received permission to build a dam in Hetchy Hetch Valley, a part of Yosemite National Park, causing much controversy. Roosevelt’s conservation deal meant working with the big logging companies, not the small, independent ones.
Payne-Aldrich Act
because of the 1907 panic TR in 1909 authorized national banks to issue emergency currency backed by various kinds of collateral. This would lead to the momentous Federal Reserve Act of 1913
Wilsonian Progressivism
The Democratic ticket would run under a platform called “New Freedom,” which would include many progressive reforms.Wilson’s New Freedom favored small enterprise, desired to break up all trusts—not just the bad ones—and basically shunned social-welfare proposals.tackle the “triple wall of privilege”: the tariff, the banks, and the trusts.
Louis. D Brandeis
Also the winning lawyer in the Muller V Oregon case he wrote a book called "Other People’s Money and How the Bankers Use It" (1914) furthermore showed the problems of American finances at the time.
Underwood Tariff
To tackle the tariff, Wilson successfully helped in the passing of the Underwood Tariff of 1913, which substantially reduced import fees and enacted a graduated income tax (under the approval of the recent 16th Amendment).
16th Amendment
allows the Congress to levy an income tax without apportioning it among the states or basing it on Census results. This amendment exempted income taxes from the constitutional requirements regarding direct taxes, after income taxes on rents, dividends, and interest were ruled to be direct taxes in Pollock v. Farmers' Loan & Trust Co. (1895). It was ratified on February 3, 1913. Made the rich to pay more taxes.
Federal Reserve Act 1915
is an Act of Congress that created and set up the Federal Reserve System, the central banking system of the United States of America, and granted it the legal authority to issue Federal Reserve Notes and Federal Reserve Bank Notes as legal tender. The Act was signed into law by President Woodrow Wilson.
Federal Trade Commission
formed by the 1914, Congress passed the Federal Trade Commission Act, which empowered a president-appointed the commission and their duties to investigate the activities of trusts and stop unfair trade practices such as unlawful competition, false advertising, mislabeling, adulteration, & bribery.
Clayton Act
1914 Clayton Anti-Trust Act lengthened the Sherman Anti-Trust Act’s list of practices that were objectionable, exempted labor unions from being called trusts (as they had been called by the Supreme Court under the Sherman Act), and legalized strikes and peaceful picketing by labor union members
German subs, or U-boats, sank many ships, including the Lusitania, a British passenger liner that was carrying arms and munitions as well.
The attack killed 1,198 lives, including 128 Americans.
Notably the Germans had issued fliers prior to the Lusitania setting sail that warned Americans the ship might be torpedoed.
America clamored for war in punishment for the outrage, but Wilson kept the U.S. out of it by use of a series of strong notes to the German warlords.