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55 Cards in this Set

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Activators
Also known as boosters, protinators, or accelerators; powdered persulfate salts added to haircolor to increase its lightening ability
Aniline derivatives
Contain small, uncolored dyes that combine with hydrogen peroxide to form larger, permanent dye molecules within the cortex.
Bailiage
Also known as free-form technique; painting a lighter (usually a powdered off-the-scalp lightner) directly onto the clean. styled hair.
4. Base color
Predominant tone of a color.
5. Cap technique
Lightening technique that involves pulling clean, dry strands of hair through a perforated cap with a thin plastic or metal hook, and then combining them to remove tangles.
Color fillers
Equalize porosity and deposit color in one application to provide a uniform contributing pigment on prelightened hair.
Complementary colors
A primary and secondary color positioned directly opposite each other on the color wheel.
Conditioner fillers
Used to recondition damaged, overly porous hair and equalize porosity so that the hair accepts the color evenly from strand and scalp to ends.
Contributing pigment
Also known as undertone; the varying degrees of warmth exposed during a permanent color or lightening process.
Demipermanent haircolor
Also known as no-lift deposit-only color; formulated to deposit but not lift (lighten) natural hair color.
Developers
Also known as oxidizing agents or catalysts; when mixed with an oxidation haircolor, supplies the necessary oxygen gas to develop color molecules and create a change in hair color.
Double-process application
Also known as two-step coloring; a coloring technique requiring two separate procedures in which the hair is prelightened before the depositing color is applied to the hair.
Fillers
Used to equalize porosity.
Foil techniques
Highlighting technique that involves coloring selected strands of hair by slicing or weaving out sections, placing them on foil or plastic wrap, applying lightener or permanent haircolor, and then sealing them in the foil or plastic wrap.
Glaze
A non ammonia color that adds shine and tone to the hair.
Hair color
The natural color of hair.
Hair lightening
Also known as bleaching or decolorizing; chemical process involving the diffusion of the natural hair color pigment or artificial haircolor from the hair.
Haircolor
Professional, salon industry term referring to artificial haircolor products and services.
Haircolor glaze
Common way to describe a haircolor service that adds shine and color to the hair.
Highlighting
Coloring some of the hair strands lighter than the natural color to add a variety of lighter shades and the illusion of depth.
Highlighting shampoo
Colors prepared by combining permanent haircolor. hydrogen peroxide, and shampoo.
Hydrogen peroxide developer
Oxidizing agent that, when mixed with and oxidation haircolor, supplies the necessary oxygen gas to develop the color molecules and create a change in natural hair color.
Intensity
The strength of a color.
Law of color
System for understanding color relationships.
Level
The unit of measurement used to identify the lightness or darkness of a color.
Level system
System that colorists use to determine the lightness or darkness of a hair color.
Lighteners
Chemical compounds that lighten hair by dispersing, dissolving, and decolorizing the natural hair pigment.
Line of demarcation
Visible line separating colored hair from new growth.
Metallic haircolors
Also known as gradual haircolors; haircolors containing metal salts that change hair color gradually by progressive buildup and exposure to air creating a dull, metallic appearance.
Mixed melanin
Combination of natural hair color that contains both pheomelanin and eumelanin.
Natural haircolors
Also known as vegetable haircolors; colors, such as henna, obtained from the leaves or bark of plants.
New growth
Part of the hair shaft between the scalp and the hair that has been previously colored.
Off-the-scalp lighteners
Also known as quick lighteners; powdered lighteners that cannot be used directly on the scalp.
On-the-scalp lighteners
Lighteners that can be used directly on the scalp by mixing the lightener with activators.
Patch test
Also known as a predisposition test; test required by the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act for identifying a possible allergy in a client.
Permanent Haircolors
Lighten and deposit color at the same time and in a single process because they are more alkaline than no-lift deposit-only colors and are usually mixed with a higher-volume developer.
Prelightening
First step of double-process haircoloring; used to lift or lighten the natural pigment before the application of toner.
Presoftening
Process of treating gray or very resistant hair to allow for better penetration of color.
Primary colors
Pure or fundamental colors (red, yellow, and blue) that cannot be created by combining other colors.
Resistant
Hair type that is difficult for moisture or chemicals to penetrate, and thus requires a longer processing time.
Reverse highlighting
Also known as lowlighting; technique of coloring stands of hair darker than the natural color.
Secondary color
Color obtained by mixing equal parts of two primary colors.
Semipermanent haircolor
No-lift deposit-only non oxidative haircolor that is not mixed with peroxide and is formulated to last through several shampoos.
Single-process-haircoloring
Process that lightens and deposits color in the hair in a single application.
Slicing
Coloring technique that involves taking a narrow, ½ inch section of hair by making a straight part at the scalp, positioning the hair over the foil, and applying lightener or color.
Soap cap
Combination of equal parts of a prepared permanent color mixture and shampoo used the last five minutes and worked through the hair to refresh the ends.
Special effects haircoloring
Any technique that involves partial lightening or coloring.
Strand test
Determines how the hair will react to the color formula and how long the formula should be left on the hair.
Temporary haircolor
Nonpermanent color whose large pigment molecules prevent penetration of the cuticle layer, allowing only a coating action that may be removed by shampooing.
Tertiary color
Intermediate color achieved by mixing a secondary color and its neighboring primary color on the color wheel in equal amounts.
Tone
Also known as hue; the balance of color.
Toners
Semipermanent, demipermanent, and permanent haircolor products that are used primarily on prelightened hair to achieve pale and delicate colors.
Virgin application
First time the hair is colored.
Volume
Measures the concentration and strength of hydrogen peroxide.
Weaving
Coloring technique in which selected strands are picked up from a narrow section of hair with a zigzag motion of the comb, and lightener or color is applied only to these strands.