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26 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
a constitutional guarantee that a government will not deprive any person of life, liberty, or property by an unfair, arbitrary, or unreasonable action
Due Process
a group convened by a court to determine whether or not there is enough evidence against a person to justify a trial
Grand Jury
the power of each State to act to protect and promote the public health, safety, morals, and general welfare
Police Power
a sum of money that an accused person may be required to post as a guarantee that he or she will appear in court at the proper time
Bail
a legislative act that inflicts punishment without court trial
Bill of Attainder
a court order authorizing a search
Search Warrant
reasonable suspicion of crime
Probable Cause
U.S. citizen levying a war
Treason
a case only heard by a judge
Bench Trial
Miranda Rule
1. You have the right to remain silent

2. Anything you say can and will be used against you in a court of law


3. You have the right to talk to a lawyer and have him present with you while you are being questioned


4. If you cannot afford to hire a lawyer, one will be appointed to represent you before any questioning if you wish


5. You can decide at any time to exercise these rights and not answer any questions or make any statements

How many times is a suspect fingerprinted and why?
3 times; once for local police records, once for state police records, and once for FBI records
What do the police need in order to arrest a suspect?
they must have a probable cause
When can either party appeal a case?
when you feel the trial judge made an error
What are the six steps to a homicide investigation?
1. Secure the scene

2. Find eyewitnesses


3. Photograph the crime scene


4. Search for latent prints


5. Gather Evidence


6. Remove the body

determines guilty or innocence
Trial Jury
evidence obtained illegally cannot be used against you
Exclusionary Rule
once a person has been tried for a crime, they can't be tried for that crime again
Double Jeopardy
a court order demanding a prisoner be brought before the court and the officer must show cause and explain why the prisoner should not be released
Writ of Habeas Corpus
a law passed after the fact
Ex Post Facto Law
protects us from self incrimination
5th Amendment
speedy and public trial
6th Amendment
protect you from cruel and unusual punishment
8th Amendment
change location of trial to get an unbias jury
Change of Venue
How many types of due process are there?
2; substantive and procedural
"what" or policies of government action
Substantive
"how" or methods of government actions
Procedural