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36 Cards in this Set

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Moluccas

island chain in the present-day Indonesia formerly known as the Spice Islands

Prince Henry

led Portugal in exploration; started a navigation school

cartographer

mapmaker

Vasco da Gama

Portuguese explorer who led ships around the Cape of Good Hope

Christopher Columbus

Italian navigator sailing for Spain who reached the New World

Line of Demarcation

line drawn by the pope to divide the New World into a Spanish zone and a Portuguese zone

Treaty of Tordesillas

lined out the specific terms of the Line of Demarcation

Ferdinand Magellan

first to circumnavigate the globe

circumnavigate

to sail around the world

Mombasa and Malindi

East African coastal cities that were hubs of international trade

plantation

large estate run by the owner often using slave labor

Alfonso I

ruler of Kongo

missionary

one sent to convert others to a religion

Asante kingdom

emerged in present-day Ghana

Osei Tutu

military leader who won control of the city of Kumasi

monopoly

exclusive control of a business or industry

Oyo empire

settled by the Yoruba in present-day Nigeria

Cape Town

first permanent European settlement in Africa

Boers

Dutch farmers

Afonso de Albuquerque

commanded a Portuguese fleet and also burned coastal towns and destroyed Arab fleets in the Indian Ocean

Mughal empire

empire established by Muslim rulers in India

Goa

became the major military and commercial base off the coast of India for the Portuguese

Malacca

port city where a massacre of Muslims took place in 1511

outpost

distant area under control of another country

Dutch East India Company

group of wealthy Dutch merchants who began expeditions in the Indies

sovereign

having full, independent power

Philippines

archipelago claimed by Magellan for Portugal

sepoys

Indian troops

Macao

trading post allowed by the Ming Dynasty near Canton

Guangzhou

present-day name of Canton

Matteo Ricci

Jesuit priest who made a strong impression on the Chinese

Manchus

rulers of Manchuria

Qing

Manchu dynasty in China

Qianlong

Chinese emperor who expanded China's borders

Lord McCartney

head of the British delegation to China

Nagasaki

port city in Japan