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16 Cards in this Set

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Describe the James-Lange theory about the source of emotion

-Give example
Emotions are created by awareness of specific patterns of peripheral (autonomic) responses
*Anger is associated w/ increased blood flow in the hands & feet; fear is associated w/ decreased blood flow in these areas
Describe the Cannon-Bard theory about the source of emotion & give an example
the brain generates direct experiences of emotion

Stimulation of certain brain areas can create pleasant or unpleasant emotions
Describe the Cognitive (Schacter-Singer and Lazarus) theory about the source of emotion & give an example
Cognitive interpretation of events, & physiological reactions to them, shapes emotional experiences

ex. Autonomi arousal can be experienced as anxiety or excitement, depending on how it is labeled . A single event can lead to different emotions, depending on whether it is perceived as threatening or challenging
Describe the James-Lange theory about the source of emotion

-Give example
Emotions are created by awareness of specific patterns of peripheral (autonomic) responses
*Anger is associated w/ increased blood flow in the hands & feet; fear is associated w/ decreased blood flow in these areas
Describe the Cannon-Bard theory about the source of emotion & give an example
the brain generates direct experiences of emotion

Stimulation of certain brain areas can create pleasant or unpleasant emotions
Describe the Cognitive (Schacter-Singer and Lazarus) theory about the source of emotion & give an example
Cognitive interpretation of events, & physiological reactions to them, shapes emotional experiences

ex. Autonomi arousal can be experienced as anxiety or excitement, depending on how it is labeled . A single event can lead to different emotions, depending on whether it is perceived as threatening or challenging
What are some typical cognitive stress responses?
Reductions in the ability to concentrate, to think clearly, or to remember accurately
Ruminative thinking
the recurring intrusion of thoughts about stressful events
Catastrophizing
dwelling on & overemphasizing the potential consequences of negative events
psychobiological models
emphasize the importance of psychological, as well as biological, variables in regulating & producing stress responses
diseases of adaptation
illnesses that are caused or worsened by stressors
People under stress are more likely to cling to _______ _____, which are well learned, but not always efficient, approaches to problems.
mental sets
Functional fixedness

Give an example
the tendency to use objects for only one purpose
*Can be intensified by stress

*Victims of hotel fires, for example, sometimes die trapped in their rooms b/c in the stress of the moment it didn't occur to them to use the telephone or a piece of furniture to break a window
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
a pattern of adverse & disruptive reactions following a traumatic & threatening event
*anxiety, depression, irritability, jumpiness, inability to concentrate or work productively, sexual disfunction, & difficulty in getting alone w/ others
*most common feature = re-experiencing the trauma through nightmares or vivid memories
_____ stressors tend to have less impact than those that are ________
Predictable stressors tend to have less impact than those that are unpredictable.
Dispositional optimism
the belief or expectation that things will work out positively