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31 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Jacksonianism
Wanted:
To extend suffrage to all white men, western expansion, spoils system. limited federal government, no bank monopolies
Spoils System
Jackson rotated out officeholders and replaced many of them with his own supporters.
Indian Removal
First big program of the Jackson administration, it forced Indians to move into the are west of the Mississippi.
Jackson's Attitude Toward NAs
Pushed their removal and tried to persuade them to move westward. Even though his actions may have been unconstitutional, he pushed the removal and passing of treaties.
Trail Of Tears
The Indians' forced group migration to the west of the Mississippi.
Nullification Crisis
South Carolina nullified itself, giving it the right to set aside federal law, and angered the Jacksonian administration.
The Bank War
The "war" between the Bank of the United States president Biddle, and Jackson. Biddle worked to recharter the bank, while Jackson worked to rid the country of it, claiming it was undemocratic.
Whigs (party growth and platform)
Emerged from National Republicans and ex-Federalists. They were for a positive liberal state, which included the governments right to protect enterprises that would benefit the country.
Specie Circular
Passed in 1836, it required all land to be purchased in only gold and silver.
John Calhoun
For awhile, Jackson's second in command, but then went against him with his nullification promotion and made an enemy of him.
Worcester vs. Georgia
Georgia believed that the Indian removal programs denied the state's right to extend its jurisdiction over tribal lands.
Roger Taney
Jackson loyalist who became secretary of treasure and immediately began removing funds from the Bank of the United States.
Force Bill
Congress lowered tariffs and gave Jackson the right to use the army to enforce his anti-nullification program, if necessary.
Peggy Eaton
Wife of John Eaton who was not accepted into the society when she married him. Jackson came to her defense and stood up for her along with Henry Clay.
Tariff of 1828
Called the tariff of abominations and caused the nullification of South Carolina.
Nicholas Biddle
President of the Bank of the United States, he worked against Jackson to recharter it in 1832, 4 years early.
Alexis de Toqueville
French traveler who wrote an important account of the American society and government.
Voting Rights
A majority of states had removed voting specifications and allowed all white males a vote.
Self Made Man
Men who rose from a lower place in society to a place of power through their own doing.
Two Party System
The opposition between Whigs and Democrats was constant and present throughout the age. The definition of their party became a crucial part of an American's identity.
Voter Participation
Extended in most states to all white males.
Impact of Trade Unions
Achieved better work conditions and shorter workdays.
Tariff of Abominations
Tariff meant to protect farmers and manufacturers, but ended up angering southern free traders.
JQ Adams and Tariffs
Adams was elected in 1824, and had a difficult presidency. Jackson supporters placed the tariff of abominations and he was blamed when it did not go as planned.
Election of 1828
Jackson campaigned for the 4 years of Adam's term, and when it came time for a new election, didn't even give Adams a chance. He was portrayed as a people's man and his indian removal policies helped him win the election.
Criticisms of the National Bank
Many believed the bank unconstitutional, too privileged, threatened small producers, and was too much of a monopoly.
Panic of 1837
Changes in the world economy led to a catastrophic depression in which banks suspended specie payments, businesses went bankrupt, and unemployment was high.
Democrats?
Promoted negative liberal state in which the government had little, if any, involvement in the economy. They were against monopolies and special privileges.
Positive Liberal State
The governments right to protect enterprises that would benefit the growth and economy of the country.
Tippecanoe and Tyler Too
The slogan of Whigs in the election of 1840 that promoted their candidates Harrison and Tyler.
Kitchen Cabinet
Jackson's close friends and unofficial advisers who gave him advice in matters including the bank wars.