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28 Cards in this Set

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  • Back


The characteristics, emotions, and beliefs people have about themselves, including an understanding that people are unique individuals.


The conscious awareness that you exist as a separate person and that you can affect others.


What you know about and how you describe yourself.


The ways people describe themselves


The opinions people have and judgments they make about their own characteristics.


The emotions people feel about themselves

Social Comparison

The process of comparing our own qualities and performances to those of our peers.

Self- Regulation

The ability to control our own behavior, emotions, or thoughts and change them to meet the demands of the situation.


The process of imitating, practicing, and internalizing others' behavior.


The male or female physical and biological characteristics of the body.


All the physical, cognitive, and behavioral traits that characterize people of one sex.

Gender Role

The social expectations for each sex within a particular culture (Sex role)

Gender concept

The understanding that a person's sex is a permanent feature and cannot be altered through changes in surface features like hair or clothing.

Sex-typed behavior

Behavior that matches the gender-role expectations of a culture.


The process of physical maturation that leads to the physical capability to reproduce.


The first ejaculation experienced by a male


One type of sex hormone, released in greater concentrations by males.


One type of sex hormone, released in greater concentrations by females.


The first menstrual period for females, usually occurring around 12-13 years of age.

Body Image

The way a person thinks about his or her body and how it looks to others.

Late Maturation

When the physical changes of puberty do not occur until after they do in the majority of one's peers

Early Maturation

When the physical changes of puberty occur earlier than they do in the majority of one's peers.

Sexual Orientation

Tendency to be attracted to people of the same sex, opposite sex, or of both sexes.

Relational Aggression

Aggression intended to hurt others or harm social relationships through social means like name calling or exclusion.

Gender constancy

The understanding that gender remains the same despite superficial changes in appearance or behavior.

Gender Schema Theory

The theory that gender knowledge consists of a gender schema, a cognitive network of gender-related information that organizes gender knowledge and guides expectations and behavior.

Gender Intensification

The process of conforming more and more closely to gender stereotypes in behavior, emotions, and activities. It is common in adolescence.


Possession of many masculine as well as many feminine psychological characteristics.