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31 Cards in this Set

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Electrolyte

Mineral salt (Na, K, or Ca) that carries an electrical charge when in solution

Filtrate

Fluid that passes from the blood via the capillary walls of the glomeruli into Bowman capsule

Nitrogenous waste

Product of protein metabolism that include urea, uric acid, creatine, creatinine, & ammonia

Peristaltic wave

Sequence of rhythmic contraction of smooth muscles of a hollow organ to force material forward & prevent backflow

Peritoneum

Serous membrane that lines abdominopelvic cavity & covers most of the organs w/in the cavity

pH

Symbol that expresses the alkalinity or acidity of a solution

Plasma

Liquid portion of blood that is filtered by the nephrons to remove dissolved wastes

Albuminoid

Resembling albumin

Azotemia

Nitrogenous compounds in the blood

Bacteriuria

Bacteria in the urine

Cystoscope

Instrument for examination of the bladder

Vesicocele

Hernia of the bladder (cytocele)

Glomerulopathy

Disease of the glomerulus

Hypokalemia

Abnormally low concentration of potassium in the blood

Ketonuria

Prescense of ketone bodies in the urine

Lithotripsy

Crushing of a stone

Meatotomy

Incision of the urinary meatus

Nephropexy

Fixation of kidney

Nocturia

Frequent urination after going to bed

Oliguria

Scanty (decreased production) urine

Pyorrhea

Flow or discharge of pus

Pyeloplasty

Surgical repair of the renal pelvis

Urolith

Stone in the urinary tract

Ureterectasis

Dilation of the ureter

Urethrostenosis

Narrowing or stricture of the urethra

Lithogenesis

Forming or producing stones

Lithiasis

Abnormal condition of stones or calculi

Dialysis

Separation across

Retroperitoneal

Pertaining to the area behind the peritoneum

Dysuria

Painful or difficult urination ("burning sensation")

Enuresis

Involuntary discharge of urine (incontinence)