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82 Cards in this Set

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  • Back

Qualitites of Light

Intensity (Brightness)


Coherence (Hard vs. Soft)


Color Temperature (Redness or blueness of light)

5 Motivators of a Story

Money


Family


Health


Safety


Community


4 Parts of a Story

Characters


Plot


Theme


Enviorment

3 Characteristics of Sound

Frequency


Amplitude


Timber

Frequency

Determine Pitch



Measured in HZ

Amplitude

Determines Volume

Timbre

Determines Unqiuness of Souds

4 Strengths of a Video

Emotions


Character


Motion - Only median that allows motion


Eyewitness - Shock and Awe


Things Video Doesn't Do Well

Lack of visuals


Too many viewpoints


Audio/Video conflict


Jargon


Too long


Too Many Numbers


Uninteresting Video

Top Ten Mistakes Students Make

Shots too short


Centering Subjects


"We'll fix it in post."


White Walls


Too Creative


Quantity over Quality


Shaky Video


Ignoring Audio


Jump Cuts


Using Auto

"Warm Up" a shot

Make it more red

"Cooling off" a shot

Make more blue

Objective Point of View

Scene shown from point of view of camera

Subjective Point of View

Watch scene as if camera was one of characters

Presenational Point of View

Used for news. Anchor looks directly at camera

3 Types of Editing

Parallel


Complexity


Continuity

Parallel Editing

Cutting back and forth between 2 scenes

Complexity Editing

Intensifies emotions

Continuity Editing

Clarifies an event

Generation Loss

Copy of a copy



Video quality gets worse with each copy

Lossy

Gets rid of pixels

Lossless

Rearranges pixels

What determines Pitch?

Frequency

Explain how focal length is correlated with angle of view

The longer the focal length, the narrower the angle of view.



The shorter the focal length, the wider the angle of view.

Name of the transition in which an image is gradually replaced by another image?

Dissolve

Horizontal Movement of the camera on a stationary mount?

Pan

Vertical movement of the camera on a stationary mount?

Tilt

Raising or lowering the camera on a stationary mount?

Pedestal

Movement of the camera and mount away from the subject

Dolly Out

Giving the audience sufficient visual clues to fill in information missing on the screen?

Closure

Title of person who operates Video Switcher?

Technical Director

Based on the following zoom ranges, choose which lens would give the widest shot.



18mm-55mm


10mm-100mm


20mm-200mm


28mm-105mm

10mm-100mm

Of the following f-stops, which one would let the most light pass through the lens?



F 11


F 8


F 5.6


F 4

F 4

What type of POV is used in Dramatic Television?

Objective

What cue will the director give the camera operator to correct insufficient headroom?

Tilt Up

Diagram and label the 7 steps for VIDEO signal flow from the studio to the viewer at home.

Camera


CCU


Monitor


Video Switcher


Preview and Program


Recording Device (SSD)


Broadcast


Diagram and label the 5 steps for AUDIO signal flow from the studio to the viewer at home.

Mic/Digicart


Audio Mixer


Audio Monitors


Recording Device (SSD)


Broadcast

Explain Cross Shooting and why we use it.

Shooting a person on the left with a camera on the right and vice versa.



Keeps people from being in profile view.



Profile is ugly.

True or False



When planning an interview one must make a list of very specific questions to abide by.

False

A ________ interprets and translates the script into a visual experience.

Director

What happens to your XLR cable when you connect a 1/4" adapter to it?

It becomes unbalanced.

What is the unit of measurement of Impedance?

Ohms

"In news, the one who sits in the control room, communicates with live shots, keeps time and makes necessary changes" is the job description for whom?

Line Producer

The ability of a microphone to hear across the entire frequency range is known as:

Flat Response

List 2 Below-the-Line posistions you held during Student Spotlight rotations

Technical Director


Floor Manager


Camera Operator


VTR Operator


Audio Operator

List 2 Above-the-Line posistions.

Producer


Director


Writers


Talent


Artist

What do we call it when an audio console, or some other source, rather than a battery, supplies power to your microphone?

Phantom Power

True/False



The news director calls the cues in the control room during a broadcast.

False



Increasing the frequency of a sounds wave causes a sound to:

Become louder

Difference between in duties between a Producer and a executive producer?

Producer- Decide on stories, ideas, and chooses content



EP- Oversee several news shows and prevent redundancy.

List at least points points which should be included in your cover letter.

Position you are applying for


Where you saw the listing


Abilities you have they mentioned in the listing


One or two key highlights from your resume


What YOU can do for THEM

Draw and label the pickup pattern for an omnidirectional mic

Can here sounds from all directions


Draw and label the pickup pattern for an ultracardiod mic

Specialized type of unidirectional mic. Very narrow pickup pattern. Pickup sounds that are quite a distance from the front of the mic.

Explain DYNAMIC sound generating elements in microphones and how each transduces sounds waves into an electrical signal.

Moving coil


Have diaphragm that vibrates when sounds waves hit it


Diaphragm is attached to a coil wrapped around a magnet


Coil moves with diaphragm causing change in magnectic field and generates an audio signal


Rugged Mic


Does not need external power source


Explain CONDESOR sound generating elements in microphones and how each transduces sounds waves into an electrical signal.

Capacictor releases audio signal when sound waves hit the front plate


Sensitive


Require external power source


Example: Lav Mics

Explain RIBBON sound generating elements in microphones and how each transduces sounds waves into an electrical signal.

Thin metal ribbon vibrates in magentic field to create audio signal


Warm tone


Used in recording studios


Very sensitive and not good for the field

4 roles of a Director

Coordinator- Give cues


Psychologist- Know how to get what you need out of people. Know when to be mean and when to be nice.


Artist- Know which effects to use when. Not editorialize. Not make the show bias to your opinion/views.


Technical Advisor- Know what you want out of people and how to get it.

What does color temperature measure?

The redness or blueness of white light

Explain the Rule of Thirds

What you always follow when framing a shot. The shot is broken up by a 3x3 grid. You align the subject with one of the four corners of the center square.

How does zoom relate to focal length?

Zooming in on an object results in a longer focal length.



Zooming out from an object results in a shorter focal length.

Explain Directional Continuity

Keeping the camera on the same side of the field means the action will apear to the viewers as going in the same direction no matter which camera you cut to.

Explain the difference between a show format and a rundown

A show format is the same for every show. A rundown is specific to one show. THe content in the rundown will change but the actual format of the show will not.

What are vectors?

Elements in the video frame that provide a path for the viewer to visually navigate across the frame.

Graphic Vectors

Created by stationary objects that guide the viewers eyes in a certain direction

Index Vectors

Created by people or objects that point in a particular direction. For example, someone point off screen

Motion Vectors

Created when there is movement in the frame. For example, a cyclist moving from left to right across the frame.

What is the purpose of editing?

Selecting and sequencing the parts of an event that are most effective in clarifying/intensifying it.

What are jump cuts?

Abrupt interruptions in the editing. For example, taking something from the beginning and end of the interview and editing them together. There is a noticeable "jump" between the two clips.

What are cutaways?

When you cut from the subject's interview to B-Roll pertaining to what the subject is talking about and then cut back to the interview. Used to avoid jump cuts.

Explain 3 point lighting

Uses key, fill, and back light



Key light- Main light source placed to one side of the camera


Fill light- Softlight placed on opposity side of camera from key light. Meant to fill in and soften shadows created by the key light


Back light- The hard light shining towards the camera from behind the subject. Creates separation between the subject and background.

What is falloff?

The speed in which light picture portion turns into shadow area.

What is a base light?

Even. Non-directional, diffused light necessary for the camera to operate optimally.

Explain contrast ratio.

Difference between the brightest and darkest spots of a picture. Optimal contrast ratio is 40:1 to 50:1

What is high key lighting?

Low contrast, flat lit scenarios



Uses key light, fill light, and a back light



Used in sitcoms

What is low key lighting?

High contrast ratio



Used to create sinister/suspenseful mood



Used in police dramas and murder mysterys

Lead Room (Nose Room)

Leave room in the direction the person is looking

Headroom

Room between the top of a person's head and the top of the frame

Closure

Give audience room to fill in information missing on screen.

Dutch Angle

Used to portray psychological uneasiness or tension in the subject being filmed

High Angle

Made to make subject in frame appear to have a higher power

Low Angle

made to make subject in frame appear to have less power.

Illogical Closure

Having something in the background appear to be coming out of the subject. For example, a tree coming out of the subject's head.