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55 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
ID these feather regions
A - Vane with Rachus
B - Barb
C - Shaft
D - Calamus
Where do the primary flight feathers insert? The secondary?
Primary insert on the bone of the manus
Secondary on the ulna
What is the bird "thumb" called?
Alula (technically it's digit II methinks)
What are feathered areas called? Featherless areas?
Pterylae
Apterylae
ID these bird bones
A - Carpometacarpal
B - Alula
C - Radial and ulnar carpal bones
D - Radius
E - Ulna
ID these bird bones
A - Coracoid
B - Scapula
C - Notarium (fused thoracic vertebrae)
D - Carina (keel)
E - Clavicle
ID
A - Coccygeal vertebrae
B - Pygostyle
C - Tibiotarsus
D - Tarsometatarsus
ID the muscles depicted by A and B and give the action.
What region is depicted by C?
A - Supracoracoideus m. - raises wing
B - Pectoralis m. - lowers wing
C - Foramen triosseum
What structures make-up the foramen triosseum?
Scapula
Coracoid
Clavicle
What term describes avian bones?
Pneumatic bones
What word means "chickenlike"?
Gallinaceous
ID these regions of the skull.
A - Incisive (Premaxilla) bone
B - Scleral ossicles
C - Quadrate bone
What structures make-up the foramen triosseum?
Scapula
Coracoid
Clavicle
What term describes avian bones?
Pneumatic bones
What word means "chickenlike"?
Gallinaceous
ID these skull regions
A - Incisive (premaxilla) bone
B - Scleral ossicles
C - Quadrate bone
ID this muscle. Why is it important?
Pectineus m.
Tendon goes to digital flexor tendon (keeps bird perched when asleep).
ID
A - Tongue
B - Lingual papillae
C - Glottis
What is this?
It's the McRib....and it looks strangely like avian lungs!
ID 1 - 6
1 - Cervical air sac
2 - Clavicular air sac
3 - Cranial thoracic air sac
4 - Caudal thoracic air sac
5 - Abdominal air sac
6 - Lung
ID A - H
A - Clavicle (furcula)
B - Coracoid
C - Scapula
D - Notarium
E - Synsacrum
F - Pelvic bones
G - Femur
H - Sternum with keel
Describe the motion of the keel upon inspiration. With expiration.
Inspiration - keel moves away from spine
Expiration - keel moves towards spine
T or F:
The avian glottis is always closed except when inspiring.
True!
What region of the avian respiratory system do A thru D comprise? ID A thru D.
Syrinx
A - Pessulus
B - Internal tympaniform membrane
C - Tympanum (modified distal tracheal cartilages)
D - External tympaniform membrane
After air passes the carina, how does it reach the caudal air sac?
Air goes through the primary bronchii to the caudal air sac
T or F:
The caudal and cervical air sacs are unpaired.
False! Only the cervical is unpaired!
Describe the flow of air from the caudal air sacs with the first expiration.
Caudal air sacs
Primary bronchii
Secondary bronchii
Parabronchii
Into lungs
Describe the flow of air from the lungs with the second inspiration. With the second expiration.
From lungs to cranial air sac. Then expired out!
Which side is the avian cranial vena cava on?
Ha ha! BOTH sides!
ID 1, 2, 3, and 5
1 - Trachea
2 - Syrinx
3 - Sternotrachealis m.
5 - Thyroid
What structure comprises the c-cells in avians?
Ultimobranchial body
What is the major blood supply to the avian pelvic limb? What provides the secondary blood supply?
Ischiadic a. is primary, external iliac a. is secondary.
What vessel is the major drain of the avian pelvic limb? What is the secondary drain?
External iliac v. is primary, ischiadic v. is secondary
Describe the path of blood from the injection into the pelvic limb to the caudal vena cava in an avian under parasympathetic tone?
Inject into medial tarsal v.
Femoral v.
External iliac v.
Cranial/caudal renal portal vv.
Renal capillary bed
Caudal renal v.
Common iliac v.
Caudal vena cava
Describe the path of blood from the injection into the pelvic limb to the caudal vena cava in an avian under sympathetic tone?
Inject into medial tarsal v.
Femoral v.
External iliac v.
Common iliac v.
Caudal vena cava
What are the good places to draw avian blood?
Right jugular v.
Cutaneous ulnar v. (from brachial v.)
Medial tarsal v.
ID these bird guts
A - Crop
B - Proventriculus
C - Liver
D - Gizzard
E - Pancreas
F - Duodenum
G - Ceca (2 of 'em)
How many oviducts does the chicken have? Which is more prominent?
They only have one. The left.
Which part of the avian oviduct provides the albumen?
Magnum
Which part of the avian oviduct provides the shell?
Shell gland
ID 2, 3, 4, 5, and 9
2 - Coprodeum
3 - Urodeum
4 - Proctodeum
5 - Vent
9 - Cloacal Bursa
ID these parts of the avian female reproductive tract
A - Ovary
B - Infundibulum
C - Magnum
D - Isthmus
E - Shell Gland
F - Vagina
Am I the only one who appreciates the Slayer font on this image?
Probably...
ID
A - Kidney
B - Testis
C - Gizzard
What can be used to dilate an avian iris?
No idea but don't try Atropine! Avian irises have SKELETAL MUSCLE
Which of the following do birds NOT have?
Kidneys
Renal pelvis
Ureters
Urinary bladder
Urethra
Renal pelvis
Urinary bladder
Urethra
How does the chicken keep poo from getting on the egg if the "vagina" opens into the urodeum?
Everts vagina when laying egg
Where does the avian ovum spend the most time before being laid?
In the shell gland (20 hours)
Where is the avian thymus?
In the neck meat!
Close to jugular v.
What is the function of the Vitelline (Meckel's) diverticulum? Where is it located?
No function. Remnant of vitelline v. on the jejunum
What is the clinical significance of the sciatic n. in chickens?
Diagnose for Marek's disease (sciatic n. enlargement)
Which hyoid bone is in the avian tongue?
Entoglossal process
What is the preen gland otherwise known as?
uropygial gland
What is the zygomatic arch known as in birds?
Jugal arch
ID
A - Uncinate processes
B - Coracoid bone
C - Manubrium sterni (Rostrum)
D - Pubis