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112 Cards in this Set

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2 Medicinal plants from Apiaceae Family?
Angelica archangelica

Foeniculum vulgar
2 Medicinal plants from Lamiaceae Family?
Lavendula angustifolia

Mentax piperita
2 Medicinal plants from Myrtaceae Family?
Melaleuca altemifolia

Backhousia citriodora
2 Medicinal plants from Scrophulariaceae Family?
Digitalis purpurea

Digitalis lanata
2 Medicinal plants from Solanaceae Family?
Atropa belladonna

Solanum nigrum
What do plants store as energy?
Starch -> Glycogen
How do plants produce energy?
Photosynthesis
Plants evolved from
Marine photosynthetic algae
Plant taxonomy is?
Naming and classifcation
Plant morphology?
Study of plant external structure
Species means?
kind
Hybridisation is?
Cross species breeding
Swedish botanist?
Carl Linnaeus
also known as Carl von Linn
Carl Linnaeus started the scientific naming of plants called?
Binomial Nomenclature
Binomial means?
Two names
First name of a plant binomial is?
the genus
Second name of a plant binomial is called a?
Specific Epithet
sp is the abbreviation of?
singular species
spp is the abbreviation of?
plural species
Advantages of using binomial Nomenclature rather than common names?
Unambiguous for food as medicine
International recognition
Some plants don't have common names
Name 10 leaf parts?
Axillary bud
Base
Petiole
Margin
Vein
Midrib
Apex
lamina
Axil
Stipule
Axil?
Angle between the upper side of the stem and petiole
Lamina?
The blade
Margin?
The edge of the lamina or blade
Apex?
Pointy top
Midrib?
Central rib of leaf
Base?
Start of lamina or blade
Stem?
what the Petiole and Stipule are attached and supported
Stipule?
2 small leaf like @ base of petiole
Attached to stem
Vein?
vascular transports food and water
Monocot leaves?
Parallel venation
Monocot roots?
Fibrous roots
Monocot floral parts?
Multiples of 3
Monocot vascular bundles?
loose arrangement
Monocot cotyledon?
Single
Dicot leaf venation?
Reticular venation
Dicot roots?
tap root
Dicot Floral Parts?
4,5 or 6
Dicot Vascular bundles
Rings
Dicot cotyledon?
Double
What is the cotyledon?
1st leaves to come out of seed
Monocot 1
Dicots 2
Leaf margins?
Edge of lamina or blade
5 different types
Crenate leaf margin?
rounded teeth
Entire leaf margin?
Smooth edge - no teeth or lobes
Lobed leaf margin?
rounded or pointy sections
cuts less than halfway to midrib
Parted leaf margin?
Cuts in margins between irregular teeth go further than 1/2 way to midrib
Serrated leaf margin?
Small pointy teeth the point towards tip of leaf
Roots?
Anchor plant
Absorb water, minerals & store food
Shoot system consists of?
Stems leaves & flowers
Leaves attach by their?
Petioles
Axillary buds have potential to?
extend as vegetative or floral branches
How many tissue systems?
3 tissue systems
The 3 tissue systems ?
Dermal
Vascular
Ground
Dermal Tissue is also known as?
Epidermis
Dermal tissue has how many layers?
Single layer of tightly packed cells
Dermal tissue function?
Protection
Vascular tissue is where?
throughout plant
Vascular tissue function?
transports water, minerals & food
How many types of vascular tissue?
2;
Xylem - water and minerals - up
Phlioem - food - down
Ground Tissue function?
metabolic functions between diff parts and vascula and dermal tissue
What tissue system has the function of photosynthesis, storage & support
Ground tissue
3 three different tissue levels from outer to inner?
Dermal
Ground
Vascular
What type of infloressence does the Asteraceacea family have?
Capitulum
What type of infloressence does the Lamiaceae family have?
Spike
What is the function of the style?
Female open channel from stigma to ovary
What is does species mean?
Kind of plant
What is vestiture of leaf?
Leaf hairs
What is villus vestiture?
Long soft leaf hairs
What is Pubescent vestiture?
Short to medium soft leaf hairs
What is Glabrous vestiture?
No leaf hairs
What is a mealy coating on a leaf?
White flour like coating that rubs off
Fruit comes from the?
Mature ovary
Name 3 fleshy fruits?
Apple
Peach
Lemon
Fruits that open to release thier seed are called?
dehiscent
Fruits that Do Not open to release seed are called
indehiscent
All fleshy fruits are?
Indehiscent
Name 2 Dry Dihescent fruits that split open on maturity?
Legume
Macadamia
Underground stems function as?
Food storage systems
Do tubers assist in propagation?
Yes
Dermal tissue can be punctured like skin?
Yes
Outer layer
Vascular tissue carry nutrients & water?
Yes
Centre layer
Photosyntheses is made from?
Sunlight in the presence of water & carbon dioxide
Function of stigma?
Attract pollen
Racemose Inflorescences?
Spike
Raceme
Capitulum
Inflorescence is?
Petal (corolla) arrangement
Is water used in photsynthesis?
Yes
Cymose Inflorescences?
Cincinus
Scorpoid cyme
Ends in aceae?
Family
ends in ales?
Order
Leaf apices
Apex or pointy end of leaf
Leaf apices or apex that have equal margins that form lines to a single point?
Acute
Leaf Apice or apex - Acuminate?
Reduces in and then a point extends out
Aristate?
Long skinny point
Apex part of leaf - Obtuse?
Blunt
emarginate
bite out of tip of leaf
Apiaceae Family members?
Centella Asiatica
Feoniculum vulgare
Angelica archangelica
Petroselinum crispen
Daucus carota
Bupleurum falcatum
Bupleurum falcatum?
Apiaceae Family
Daucus carota?
Apiaceae Family
Petroselinum crispen?
parsley
Apiaceae Family
Angelica archangelica?
Apiaceae Family
Feoniculum vulgare?
fennel
Apiaceae Family
2 plants from the Apiaceae family?
Feoniculum vulgare

Angelica archangelica
2 plants from Lamiaceae family?
Lavendula angustifolia

Mentax piperita
2 plants from the Myrtaceae family?
Melaleuca altemifolia

Backhousia citriodora
2 plants from the Scrophulariaceae family?
Digitalis purpurea

Digitalis lanata
2 plants from the Solanaceae family?
Atropa belladonna

solanum nigrum
2 plants from the Fabaceae family?
Glycyrrhiza Glabra

Cassia Senna
Scrophulariaceae family?
Digitalis purpurea

Digitalis lanata
Male part of flower?
Anther
Male part of flower?
Stigma
Female part of flower?
Ovule
Female part of flower?
Ovary