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37 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Restraint (drug)
Medication used to control behavior or to restrict the patient's freedom of movement.
Restraint (physical)
Any manual method or physical device attached or adjacent to the patient's body that they cannot easily move
Involuntary confinement of a person in a room where the person is physically prevented from leaving
Active Assistive Exercise
Form of active exercise whereby an external force is used to assist the patient to perform the exercise
Active Exercise
requires patient to assist with or independently perform the exercie
Active Resistive Exercise
exercise performed by a person against manual or mechanical resistance
Concentric Contraction
An overall shortening of a muscle as it develops tension and contracts.
A drawing together or shortening or shrinking
Directed toward or situated on the back surface
Eccentric Contraction
An overall lengthening of a muscle as it develops tension and contracts to control motion performed by an outside force
End Feel
the quality of the movement a person senses when pressure is applied passively to a joint at the end of its available ROM
Being, coming, or action from the outside
An increase in the cross-sectional size of fiber of cell
Enhance function of muscles
Maintain or improve joint ROM
Enhance the efficiency of the cardiopulmonary system
Exercise-2 types
Exercise-4 categories
Active Assistive
Active Resistive
Passive Exercise
Pt. does not assist
PROM indications
PROM Contraindications
Unhealed fractures
increases symptoms
when pt would benefit from active
Cannot prevent muscle atrophy
Cannot increase muscle tone
reduce adipost tissue
PROM benefits
minimize muscle shortening
prevent joint adhesions
maintain local circulation
Enhance joint health
Active Assistive Exercise
movement through the available range
Active Resistive Exercise
Increase strength
ability to shorten and move an object when resistance is applied
muscle opposite to contraction is performing a lengthening movement
important for mm to be able to return to original shape
Ability to respond to increased and mulitple stimuli
Scapula-movement and muscle
Protraction-Serrartus Anterior
Retraction-Middle Trapezius
Elevation-Upper Trapezius
Depression-Lower Trapezius
Shoulder-movement, muscle, and joint range
Flexion-Anterior Deltoid-0-170
Extension-Latissimus Dorsi 0-60
Abduction-Middle Deltoid 0-170
adduction-latissimus dorsi
hor. Abduction-Posterior deltoid-0 to 40
hor. Adduction-Pectoralis major 0 to 130
External Rotation-infraspinatus 0 to 90
Internal rotation-subscapularis-0 to 70
Elbow-movement, muscle, and joint range
Flexion-bicep 0 to 150
Foreram-movement, muscle, joint range
Supination-supinator-0 to 90
Pronation-Pronator-0 to 90
Wrist-movement, muscle, joint range
Flexion-Flexi carpis radialis/ulnaris- 0 to 80
Extension-Extensor " "- 0 to 70
Ulnar deviation- Extensor Carpi Ulnaris/Flexor " "- 0 to 30
Radial Deviation-Extensor carpi Radialis/Flexor " " 0 to 20
Finger (MCP)-movement, muscle joint range
Flexion-Lumbricales-0 to 90
Extension-Extensor Digitorum-0 to 15-45
Abduction-Interossei Dorales 0 to 25
Adduction-Interossei Palmares
Finger (IP/PIP/DIP)- movement, muscle, joint range
Flexion-Flexor Digitorum-0 to 110
Extension-Extensor Digitorum
Thumb (CMC)-movement, muscle and joint range
Abduction-Abductor Pollicis Brevis- 0 to 50
Adduction-Adductor Pollicis
Opposition-Opponens Pollicis
Thumb (MP)- movement, muscle, joint range
Flexion-Flexor Pollicis Brevis-0 to 50
Extension-Extensor Pollicis Brevis
Thumb (IP)-movement, muscle, joint range
Flexion-Flexor Pollicis Longus 0 to 80-90
Extension-Extensor Pollicis Longus