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45 Cards in this Set

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Structure that is responsible for support of the plant body and for carrying nutrients between different parts of the plant is the...
Stem
which type of plant tissue would be found only in the reproductive parts of a plant?
Meristematic Tissue
Function of Phloem
Transport of Nutrients
tracheids and vessel elements make up
Xylem
The waterproof strip that surrounds cells of the endodermis is the...
Casparian Strip
Increases the thickness of stems over time by production of Vascular Tissue by:
Vascular Cambrium
In a leaf, there are many air spaces between the cells in what?
The Spongy Mesophyll
Stomata open and close in response to pressure in what..?
Gaurd Cells
what the Rise of water in a tall plant depends on
root pressure and Capillary action
Xylem
transports water
phloem
transports nutrients
parenchyma
ground tissue with thin cell wall
collenchyma
ground tissue with flexible cell wall. supports larger plants
sclerenchyma
very thick cell wall, makes ground tissue tough.
difference of stems in monocots and dicots
dicot: vascular bundles arranged in a ring.
monocot:randomly scattered
root hairs
help with water absorption
vascular cambrium
meristematic tissue that produces vascular tissues and increases thickness of stem.
3 main functions of leaves
photosynthesis, transpiration, and gas exchange
function of the cuticle and epidermis
outermost layers of plant cells, meant for protection and prohibits the loss of water from cells. the openings regulate water and gas exchange.
gaurd cells
protect the cell from losing water
source cell
cell that sugars from photosynthesis are produced.
sink cells
cells where the source cell sugars are stored or used.
plant characteristics
eukaryotic, multicullular, cell wall of cellulose, photoautotrophic.
gametophyte eggs ans sperm fuse to make this
sporophytes
what plants need to survive
sunlight, water, minerals, gas, movement of water.
Bryophytes
nonvascular, seedless, mosses
reproduction of bryophytes
sporophyte grows out of gametophyte
Arthrophytes
seedless, vascular,
Coniferophyta
vasuclar, seeded cones, known as gymnosperms
Anthophyta
vasuclar flowering plants, 2 classes(monocot and dicot)
Monocot leaf
parallel veins
monocot stem
random vascular bundles
monocot roots
grow out and netlike
monocot flower
petals in multiples of 3
dicot leaf
netlike veins
dicot stem
vascular bundles are arranged
dicot flower
petals in multiples of 5
dicot roots
grow mainly straight down
annual
one year of life
biennial
2 years of living
perennial
lives many years
most recognizable stage of moss
gametophyte
alternation of generations
when many algae switch from being haploid to diploid
3 features that the plant kingdom is divided by
conducting tissues, seeds and flowers
protonema
haploid mass of green filament in moss that forms during germination