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34 Cards in this Set

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The waxy waterproof coating on stems and leaves of plants that prevent water loss
cuticle
a broad, flat structure of a plant that traps light energy for photosynthesis
leaf
pores of the leaf. openings in the cuticles of leaves that control water loss
stomata
cells that controll the size of the openings in the stomata according to the amount of water in the plant.
guard cells
loss of water through the stomata
transpiration
a plant organ that absorbs water and minerals from the soil, transports the nutrients to the stem, and anchors the plant in the ground
root
provides structural support for upright growth and contains tissues for transporting food, water, and other materials.
stem
tissues that provides a covering for the plant.
dermal tissues
tissues that transport food and water throughout the plant.
vascular tissues
tissues that produce and store food.
ground tissues
produce new growth
meristems
plant tissue composed of tubular cells that transport water and minerals from the roots to the rest of the plant.
xylem
made up of a series of tubular cells that are still living and transport sugars from the leaves to all parts of the plant.
phloem
Two main divisions of the Plant Kingdom
seed and non seed
7 divisions
Release hard walled reproductive cells called spores.
Vascular or non-vascular
Non-seed plants
5 divisions
release seeds for reproduction
vascular
Seed plants
male gametophyte
pollen grain
female gametophyte
ovule
tiny seed leaves that store or absorb food for the developing embryo
cotyledon
ripened ovary of a flower
fruit
One seed leaf
monocots
Two seed leafs
Dicots
plant hormone that promotes the ripening of fruit
ethylene
plants that live for a year or less
annuals
2 year lifespan
biennials
live for several years producing flowers and seed periodically.
perennials
plant responses to external stimuli that comes from a particular direction
tropism
growth of a plant towards light
phototropism
direction of plant life in response to gravity
gravitropism
growth in response to touch
thigmotropism
cone producing plants
gymnosperms
How does the phloem relate to photosynthesis?
It creates sugars
How does the xylem relate to photosynthesis?
Brings water from roots
How does the stomata relate to photosynthesis?
Brings in Carbon Dioxide and out Oxygen.