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71 Cards in this Set

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What bones make up the Vault of the skull?
1. Frontal Bone
2. Parietal Bones (separated by Sagittal Suture).
3. Occipital Bone (singular)
4. Temporal Bones
5. Sphenoid Bone.
What structure (joint) is indicated by the red arrow?
The Coronal Suture
What structure (joint) is indicated by the red arrow?
The Lambdoid Suture
What bone is indicated by the red arrow?
A Parietal Bone (paired, separated by the sagittal suture)
What bone is indicated by the red arrow?
The Frontal Bone
What bone is indicated by the red arrow?
The Occipital Bone
What bone is indicated by the red arrow?
The Sphenoid Bone (the greater wing of the bone is shown, more to see on interior of skull).
What bone is indicated by the red arrow?
The Temporal Bone (Squamous part).
What is the bone indicated by the red arrow?
The Maxilla
What is the bone indicated by the red arrow?
The Zygomatic Bone
What is the structure (i.e. part of a bone) indicated by the red arrow?
The Zygomatic Arch (or process) of the Temporal Bone
What is the bone indicated by the red arrow?
The Nasal Bone
What is the foramen indicated by the red arrow? What nerve does it carry?
The Mental Foramen.
It carries the V3 branch of Cranial Nerve V (the Mental Nerve).
What are the foramen indicated by the white arrows?

What do they carry?
The Supraorbital Foramen, or notches.
Carry the V1 branch of CN V, the Supraorbital Nerve (and the associated vessels).
What are the foramen indicated by the white arrows?

What do they carry?
Infra-Orbital Foramen.

Carry the Infra-Orbital Nerve and vessels (V2 branch of CN V)
What are the foramen indicated by the red arrows?

What do they carry?
The Mental Foramen.

Carry the Mental Nerve and vessels (V3 of CN V)
What bones are indicated by the red arrows?
Zygomatic Bones
What is the juncture (suture) indicated by the dashed circle (by the white arrow)?

What bones does it border?
Why is it important clinically?
The Pterion

The Frontal, Parietal, Temporal, and Sphenoid Bones.

It is important because it is known as the weakest point of the skull
What is the juncture (suture) indicated by the white arrow?
The Lambda.
What is the juncture (suture) indicated by the white arrow?
The Bregma
What is the suture indicated by the white arrow?
The Sagittal Suture
What bones make up the framework of each orbit?
There are seven:
1. Maxilla; 2. Zygomatic; 3. Frontal; 4. Lacrimal; 5. Sphenoid; 6. Ethmoid; 7. Palatine.
What is this joint called?
This is the Temporomandibular Joint.
A. Mouth closed
B. Mouth open
What portion of the Mandible is spanned (roughly) by the red arrows?
The Body
What portion of the Ramus is indicated by the red arrow?

What is its function?
The Coronoid Process.

It provides attachment for the Temporalis Muscle.
What is the part of the Ramus indicated by the red arrow?

What are its two parts called?
What does it articulate with?
The Condylar Process.

It consists of a Head and Neck (seen in lower view). The Head articulates with the mandibular fossa of the temporal bone to form the temporomandibular joint.
What is the feature indicated by the red arrow called?
The Mandibular Notch
What is the bone indicated by the red arrow?
The Sphenoid Bone
What is the bone indicated by the red arrow?
The Occipital Bone
What is the bone indicated by the red arrow?
The Temporal Bone (one on each side)
What is the protuberance (process) indicated by the red arrow?
The Mastoid Process (of the Temporal Bone)
What is the canal indicated by the red arrow called?
The External Auditory Meatus (or canal)
What is the big hole indicated by the red arrow called?

What goes through that foramen?
The Foramen Magnum

The spinal cord, vertebral arteries and CN XI
CN XI is the Accessory Nerve.
What is the hole indicated by the red arrow called?

What goes through it?
The Jugular Foramen.

The Internal Jugular Vein and CN IX, X, and XI.
What is the hole indicated by the red arrow?

What does it carry?
The Carotid Canal.

The Internal Carotid Artery and it's Sympathetics.
What is the hole indicated by the red arrow?

What travels through it?
The Foramen Spinosum.

The Middle Meningeal Artery (a branch of the Maxillary Artery, itself off of the External Carotid).
What is the hole indicated by the red arrow?

What travels through it?
The Foramen Ovale

Mandibular Nerve (CN V3) and lesser petrosal nerve of CN IX
What is the name of the bone indicated by the red arrow? What is this "plate?"
This is the Orbital Plate (or part) of the Frontal Bone.
What is the name of the bone indicated by the red arrow? What is this "plate?"
The Cribriform Plate of the Ethmoid Bone.
What are the little holes located on the plate indicated by the red arrow?
Those are the Olfactory Foramina in the Cribriform Plate, for Olfactory Nerves (CN I).
What is the bone indicated by the red arrow?
The (body of the) Sphenoid Bone
What is the feature of the Sphenoid indicated by the red arrow?
The Tuberculum Sellae of the Sella Turcica (Turkish Saddle).
What is the feature of the Sphenoid indicated by the red arrow?
The Hypophyseal Fossa, containing the pituitary gland (hypophysis).
What is the feature of the Sphenoid indicated by the red arrow?
The Dorsum Sellae.
What part of the Temporal Bone is indicated by the red arrow?
The Petrous part of the Temporal Bone.

It is a pyramidal section of the bone wedged in between the sphenoid and occipital bones.
What part of the Temporal Bone is indicated by the red arrow?
The Squamous Part of the Temporal Bone.
What foramen is located at the point indicated by the red arrow?

What does it contain?
The Optic Canal.

It contains the Optic Nerve (CN II) and the Ophthalmic Artery (a branch of the Internal Carotid that supplies blood to all the structures in the orbit).
What structure is indicated by the red arrow?

What passes through it?
The Superior Orbital Fissure.

CNs III, IV, VI and branches of the ophthalmic division (V1) of CN V.
What structure is indicated by the red arrow?

What passes through it?
The Foramen Rotundum

The Maxillary Nerve (CN V2)
What structure is indicated by the red arrow?

What passes through it?
The Foramen Ovale

Mandibular Nerve (CN V3) and lesser petrosal nerve of CN IX.
(The source of pre-ganglionic parasympathetics that synapse within the otic ganglion, post ganglionics are carried by the auriculotemporal nerve, part of CNV3, to the parotid gland) -TMI
What is the structure indicated by the red arrow?

What passes through it?
The Foramen Spinosum.

The Middle Meningeal Artery.
What structure is indicated by the red arrow?

What passes through it?
The opening of the Carotid Canal (or Groove)

The Internal Carotid Artery and sympathetics.
What is the bone indicated by the red arrow?
The (body of) the Sphenoid Bone.
What bone is indicated by the red arrow?
The Occipital Bone
What part of the Temporal Bone is indicated by the red arrow?
The Petrous Part of the Temporal Bone.
What part of the Temporal Bone is indicated by the red arrow?
The Mastoid Part of the Temporal Bone.
What part of the Occipital Bone is indicated by the red arrows?
The Cerebellar Fossae
What foramen is indicated by the red arrow?

What passes through it?
The Internal Acoustic Meatus.

CN VII and VIII
What foramen is indicated by the red arrow?

What passes through it?
Jugular Foramen

CN IX, X and XI, and Internal Jugular Vein
What foramen is indicated by the red arrow?

What passes through it?
The Foramen Magnum

The Spinal Cord, Vertebral Arteries, and Spinal Accessory Nerve (CN XI)
What foramen is indicated by the red arrow?

What passes through it?
Hypoglossal Canal

CN XII
What feature of a vertebra is indicated by the red arrow?
Vertebral Body
What feature of a vertebra is indicated by the red arrow?
Spinous Process
What feature of a vertebra is indicated by the red arrow?
Transverse Process
What feature of a vertebra is indicated by the red arrows?
The Transverse Process
What feature of a vertebra is indicated by the red arrow?
The Foramen Transversarium
What is the name of the specially-shaped vertebra indicated by the red arrows?

What is a unique feature of this vertebra?
The Atlas Vertebra (C1)

It doesn't have a vertebral body.
What is the name of the specially-shaped vertebra indicated by the red arrows?

What is a unique feature of this vertebra?
The Atlas Vertebra (C1)

It doesn't have a vertebral body.
What is the name of the vertebra indicated by the red arrow?

What special joint does it form with its neighbour?
The Axis Vertebra (C2)

The Atlanto-Axial Joint
What is the name of the joint indicated by the red arrow?
The Atlanto-Occipital Joint.
What feature of the mandible is indicated by the red arrow?
The Angle