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20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Say the Hebrew Alphabet
Alef
Bet
Gimel
Dalet
He
Waw
Zayin
Het
Tet
Yod
Kaf
Lamed
Mem
Num
Samek
Ayin
Pe
Tsade
Qof
Resh
Sin
Shin
Taw
What are the Hebrew guttural letters?
Aleph, He, Het, and sometimes Resh
What are three characteristics of gutturals
1. Gutturals prefer a-type vowels.
2. Gutturals take reduced vowels but not Vocal Shewa. The Resh may take vocal shewa.
3. Gutturals and Resh cannot take Daghesh Forte.
What are the Long Vowels
a-class is Qamets (small T)
e-class is Tsere (Two dots)
o-class is Holem (upper single dot)
What are the short vowels?
a - Pathach is the single a line
e - Seghol is the three dot e
i - Hireq is the single dot
o - Qamets Hatuf is the small T, but intended to sound as an "o"
u - Qibbuts is the three dot u slanting down to the right.
What are the vowel letters
Sometimes there is a He used after Qamets.

There can be Yods used after Tsere, Seghol, or Hireq.

There can be Waw used after Holem.

There is a combination Waw called a Shureq, which is a "u" sound.
What is the difference between open and closed syllables?
Open syllables end with a vowel. Closed syllables end with a consonant.
What are the basic forms of a masculine Hebrew noun? (Horse)
Sus is singular
Susim is plural
Susayim is dual
What are the basic forms of a feminine Hebrew noun? (Law)
Torah is singular
Toroth is plural
Toratayim is Dual
Perfect Conjugation
Used to express a completed action, whether in the past, present, or future. Normally translated by the past tense. With Waw conversive, it is usually translated in the future. "vqatal" means "and he will kill."
Imperfect Conjugation
Used to express incomplete action, whether in the past, present, or future. Normally translated in the future tense (yiqtol = he will kill). It may also be rendered with certain modal or volitional values (would, should, could, may, might, etc.). With Waw Conversive, it is usually past tense. (vayiqtol = "and he killed").
Imperative Conjugation
Used to express direct commands. It can also be used to grant permission or to communicate a request. It occurs only in the second person, singular or plural.
Infinitive construct
A verbal noun with a pronominal suffix (l, b, or c) that functions either as the subject or object of the verbal idea.

Can be used for purpose, intention or result.

Can be a verbal noun "to ___".

Can be temporal with B or C. "When" or "While."
Infinitive Absolute
Used
1. in conjunction with other verbs to emphasize or intensify verbal action.
2. to express a command
3. to express two verbal actions occurring at the same time.
Niphal Stem
Expresses simple action with either a passive or reflexive voice. It can also have a reciprocal meaning.
Piel Stem
Expresses an intensive type of action with an active voice.
Pual Stem
The passive counterpart of the Piel stem. It expresses an intensive type of action with a passive voice.
Hiphil Stem
Expresses a causative type of action with an active voice. (He caused to hear)
Hophal Stem
The passive counterpart of the Hiphil. It expresses causative action with a passive voice.
Hithpael Stem
Expresses an intensive type of action with a reflexive voice. Like Niphal, it may also express reciprocal action.