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39 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
angle
the space between two lines or surfaces that intersect at a given point; in haircutting, the hair is held away from the head to create an angle of elevation
arching technique
method used to cut around the ears and down the sides of the neck
blow-dry styling
one-step operation for drying and styling the hair
clipper-over-comb
cutting over a comb with the clippers
crest
widest area of the head, also known as the parietal ridge, temporal region, hatband, or horseshoe
cutting above the fingers
method of holding the hair section between the fingers so that cutting can be performed on the outside of the fingers; used with horizontal or vertical 90-degree projections of hair
cutting below the fingers
method of holding the hair secion between the fingers so that cutting can be performed on the inside of the fingers; used in 0- and 45-degree elevation cutting
design line
usually the perimeter line of the haircut
diagonal
lines positioned between horizontal and vertical lines
elevation
angle or degree at which a subsection of hair is held, or elevated, from the head when cutting; also referred to as projection
envisioning
the process of visualizing a procedure or finished haircut style
facial shape
oval, round, inverted triangular, square, oblong, diamond, and pear-shaped
finger waving
the process of shaping and directing the hair into a pattern of "S"-shaped waves through the use of the fingers, combs, and waving lotion
fingers-and-shear
technique used to cut hair by holding the hair into a position to be cut
freehand clipper cutting
generally interpreted to mean that guards are not used in the cutting process
freehand slicing
method of removing bulk from a hair section with the shears
guide
section of hair, located at either the perimeter or the interior of the cut, that determines the length the hair will be cut; also referred to as a guideline; usually the first section that is cut to create a shape
hairlocking
the process that occurs when coily hair is allowed to develop in its natural state without the use of combs, heat, or chemicals
horizontal
lines parallel to the horizon
layers
graduated effect achieved by cutting the hair with elevation or over-direction; the hair is cut at higher elevations, usually 90 degrees or above, which removes weight
outlining
finish work of a haircut with shears, trimmers, or razor
over-direction
combing a section away from its natural falling position, rather than straight out from the head; toward a guideline; used to create increasing lengths in the interior or perimeter
parietal ridge
widest area of the head, also known as the crest, hatband, horseshoe, or temporal region
parting
a line dividing the hair of the scalp that separates on section of hair from another or creates subsections; a subsection from a larger section of hair
projection
angle or elevation that hair is held from head for cutting
razor-over-comb
texturizing technique in which the comb and the razor are used on the surface of the hair
razor rotation
texturizing technique similar to razor-over-comb, done with a small circular motions
reference points
points on the head that mark where the surface of the head changes or the behavior of the hair changes, such as ears, jaw line, occipital bone, apex, etc.; used to establish design lines that are proportionate
rolling the comb out
a method used to put the hair into position for cutting by combing into the hair with the teeth of the comb in an upward direction
shear-over-comb
haircutting technique in which the hair is held in place with the comb while the shears are used to remove the lengths
shear-point tapering
haircutting technique used to thin out difficult areas in the haircut, such as dips and hollows
stationary guide
guideline that does not move, but all other hair is brought to it for cutting
tapered
haircuts in which there is an even blend from very short at the hairline to longer lengths as you move up the head; "to taper" is to narrow progressively at one end
tension
amount of pressure applied when combing and holding a section, created by stretching or pulling the section
texturizing
removing excess bulk without shortening the length; changing the appearance or behavior of hair, through specific haircutting techniques, using shears, thinning shears, clippers, or a razor
thinning
removing bulk from the hair
traveling guide
guideline that moves as the haircutting progresses, used when creating layers or graduation; also referred to as moving or movable guidelines
vertical
lines that are straight up and down
weight line
a visual "line" in the haircut, where the ends of the hair hand together; the line of maximum length within the weight area; heaviest perimeter area of a 0-degree (one-length) or 45-degree (graduated) cut