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142 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
The settlement at Durrington Walls cannot be classified as megalithic architecture because the site was.....
built from wood, whereas megalithic structures are made of stone.
This structure can be classified as all of the following EXCEPT a...
dolmen, due to its funerary purpose and cairn, or artificial hill.
Which material's properties is most suitable for weapons and tools?
Bronze
Which Neolithic site is an example of a passage grave?
Newgrange
Relative to art, one of man's important new cognitive developments was the ability to...
think symbolically.
The word "Neolithic" means...
new stone.
Much of what we know about prehistoric people is based on the ________ found in archeological sites.
artifacts, art, and fossils
Homo sapiens appeared on the earth ______ years ago.
400,000
From this aerial photograph, it can be discerned that Stonehenge is built using....
post-and-lintel construction.
The word "Paleolithic" means...
old stone.
The Sculpted Bison at Le Tuc d,Audoubert, France are modeled in...
high relief.
Many megalithic structures are associated with...
death.
The Woman from Willendorf was created from _____.
limestone
______ is one if the earliest known sites of prehistoric cave paintings.
Chauvet
The word megalithic means _____.
large stone
The simplest form of construction used to span space is ____and ____.
post; lintel
Handprints at the cave at Pech-Merle were probably created using what technique?
Spray paint onto the cave wall.
Prehistory includes all of human existence prior to the development of ____.
written records
Representational images began appearing in Australia, Africa, and Europe beginning approximately ____ years ago.
40,000
Stonehenge is connected to a nearby site built of wood called ____.
Durrington Walls
The construction method of corbeling, such as that used in the Tomb at Newgrange, involves...
rows of stone projecting slightly beyond the previous layer until the uppermost stones meet.
Prehistoric cave painting was an unknown art form until the 1879 discovery of a cave in ____ in northern Spain.
Altamira
What distinguishes this scene from other Paleolithic paintings discussed in this chapter?
It appears to tell a story.
The age of metal made its European debut around ____ BCE.
3,000
The animals at Lascaux are painted in a system known as ____, which shoes horns, eyes, and hoofs from the front, while heads and bodies are rendered in profile.
composite pose
What sums up the relationship of the image to the cuneiform text on the Stele of Hammirabi?
The image reveals the divine origins of the text.
The uppermost scene of the Carved Vessel from Uruk may represent ____ between the goddess and her consort.
a reenactment of ritual marriage
The relief sculpture of Assurnasirpal II killing lions probably depicts a ____.
ceremonial hunt
Mesopotamia sculptors told stories clearly and economically by organizing visual narratives in horizontal bands called ____.
registers
The Great Lyre with Bull's Head was found in a royal ____.
tomb
Sumerians used hard, rock ____ for identifying documents and establishing property ownership.
cylinder seals
The Ishtar Gate and the walls extended beyond were made from ____.
glazed bricks
The image of Gudea, the ruler of Lagash, is well known to students of Near Eastern art because of the twenty surviving ____ that he commissioned.
votive statues
Sumerian votive figures were dedicated to the ____.
gods
What subject was NOT depicted in the relief panels decorating Assurnasirpal's palace at Nineveh?
Scenes from the Epic of Gilgamesh.
The relief of Darius and Xerxes Receiving Tribute exemplifies Persian art's emphasis on ____.
allegiance and economic prosperity
Along with shell and wood materials ____ and ____ were used to sculpt the elaborate bull head on a lyre found at a royal tomb in Ur.
gold; lapis lazuli
The ____, which Darius built at Persepolis, was large enough to hold several thousand people.
apadana
Guardian figures, called lamassus, combined features from all of the following EXCEPT _____.
an eagle, a man, a horse, a god.
a horse
Which of the following objects conveys both political and religious meaning?
>Stele of Naram-Sin
>Nanna Ziggurat
>Votive Statue of Gudea
All of them
Known for his persecution of Jews, as recorded in the Hebrew Bible's Book of Daniel, Nebuchadnezzar II was responsible for transforming ____ into one of the most splendid cities of its day.
Babylon
____ were huge stepped structures surmounted by a shrine or temple.
Ziggurats
In the Stele of Hammurabi, Hammurabi stands in a gesture of ____ before the seated god Shamash.
prayer
The notched walls built as a part of military defenses are called ____.
crenellations
The Stele of Hammirabi is significant as both a work of ancient Mesopotamian art and as _____.
an historical document recording a written code of law
The Sumerians invented the first system of writing called ____.
cuneiform
The ruler, _____, conquered the Persian Empire in 334 BCE.
Alexander the Great
Sumerian votive figures possess ____ that reflect Mesopotamian devotional beliefs.
large open eyes
The most impressive surviving archeological remains of the Sumerians is the ____.
ziggurat
What original elements have been lost from the Warka Head?
A gold wig, the body, and inlaid eyes.
Imhotep, the first architect to be identified in history, designed....
Djoser's Funerary Complex.
All of the following were part of the mummification process used in ancient Egypt EXCEPT
> the body was covered with natron, a naturally occurring salt.
>the body cavity was filled with linen soaked in herbs and ointments.
>the major organs were put into jars placed in the tomb.
>the skin was blackened with dark paint or powdered makeup.
the skin was blackened with dark paint or powdered makeup.
Which detail in Judgment of Hunefer Before Osiris does NOT reference the Egyptian process of mummification?
Hunefer kneeling before the god's of the underworld.
Who discovered Tutankhamun's tomb?
Howard Carter
This Colossal Figure of Akhenaten demonstrates characteristics that distinguish the Amarna style in all of the following EXCEPT
the monumental scale of the figure.
Akhenaten was associated with a religion....
honoring a single sun deity, Aten.
The Funerary Temple of Hatshepsut shared all of the following with Egyptian pyramids EXCEPT it....
did not contain the ruler's tomb.
The Great Spinx at Giza shown above is a colossal portrait of which Old Kingdom ruler?
Khafre
A common convention seen here in the Stele of Amenemhat is the use if darker and lighter pigment to distinguish....
gender.
What subject matter was commonly depicted in the tombs of wealthy Egyptian families?
Scenes of everyday life.
The rock-cut tombs of Beni Hasan were built during the....
Middle Kingdom.
What was the function of Egyptian canopic jars?
The held the major organs of the deceased.
The Egyptian stepped pyramid is similar to the ziggurats of Mesopotamia in....
height.
King Tutankhamun was buried in three nested coffins that identified with which Egyptian god?
Osiris.
What forced the removal of the colossal statues of Ramses II from their original location at Abu Simbel?
Flooding caused by construction of the Aswan High Dam.
All of the following aspects of Akhenaten and his Family are specific to the Amarna style EXCEPT the....
>inclusion of the Pharaoh's children in casual poses.
>prominent sun, benefitting a cult of Aten.
>Pharaoh's nonidealized body.
>inclusion of the Pharaoh's name in hieroglyphics.
Inclusion of the Pharaoh's name in hieroglyphics.
In this scene from the Palette of Narmer, Narmer is shown wearing....
the White Crown of Upper Egypt.
The earliest burial structures in ancient Egypt were called....
mastabas.
Egyptian Books of the Dead were written....
on papyrus scrolls.
The Egyptians used a canon of proportions to....
create an organized and ideal system for depicting human figures.
What distinguishes the Head of Senusret III as an example of Egyptian art of the Middle Kingdom.
Physical indications of stress and human anxiety.
The Rosetta Stone juxtaposes Egyptian hieroglyphics with text written in....
Greek.
The Palette of Narmer from Egypt is similar to the Akkadian Stele of Naram-Sin in all of the following EXCEPT
>it commemorates a military victory that was historically significant.
>it depicts the ruler using hierarchic scale.
>it legitimizes the ruler's authority by linking him to the gods.
> it organizes narrative imagery into registers.
It organizes narrative imagery into registers.
Akhenaten set up at new capital at....
Tell el-Amarna
What was the ka in ancient Egyptian culture?
The soul or life force of an individual.
Woman from Willendorf
Limestone
Paleolithic
Bison (Le Tuc d'Audoubert)
High Relief Clay
Paleolithic
Bird-Headed Man with Bison (Lascaux)
Paint on limestone
Paleolithic
Figure of a man
Ceramic
Neolithic
Stonehenge
Stone
Neolithic
Paleolithic
Stone age
Relief
To give the impression that the sculpted material has been raised about witb background plane.
Megalith
Large stone that forms a prehistoric monument.
Passage Grave
Narrow, stone lined passageways led into a large room at the center.
Mesolithic
Culture between Paleolithic and Neolithic.
Sculpture in the Round
It is sculpted out on all sides and is not attached to anything, it is free standing.
Monolith
A large single upright block of stone, especially one shaped into or serving as a pillar or monument.
Neolithic
The later part of the stone age.
Pigment
The natural coloring matter of animal or plant tissue.
Shamanism
The belief that certain people can travel outside of their bodies in order to mediate between the world's of the living and the spirits.
Post-and-Lintel
A horizontal beam laying on top of two columns standing up straight.
Dolmen
portable tomb
BCE
Before the Common Era
Votive figures
Sculpture in the Round
limestone
Sumerian
The Great Lyre
Sculpture in the Round
Wood, Stone, Lapis Lazuli
Sumerian
Head of a Man
Sculpture in the Round
Bronze
Akkadian
Stele of Hammirabi
Sculpture in the Round
Basalt
Old Babylonian
Assurnasirpal II Killing Lions
Low relief
Stone
Assyrian
Ishtar Gate
Glazed Bricks
Lapis Lazuli
Neo-Babylonian
Darius and Xerxes Receiving Tribute
Low Relief
Stone
Persian
Mesopotamia
name for the area of the Tigris–Euphrates river system
Pictograph
a pictorial symbol for a word or phrase
Lyre
a stringed instrument like a small U-shaped harp with strings fixed to a crossbar
Glaze
overlay or cover with a smooth, shiny coating or finish
Polytheistic
belief in many gods
Cuneiform
wedge-shaped characters used in the ancient writing systems on clay tablets
Stele
an upright stone slab or pillar bearing an inscription or design and serving as a monument, marker,
Votive Figures
placed in the tombs to keep worshiping the Gods forever
Registers
levels used to organize and image
Hierarchical Proportions
artist uses unnatural proportion or scale to depict the relative importance of the figures
Apadana
Great audience hall
Ziggurat
rectangular stepped tower, sometimes surmounted by a temple
Cylinder seal
a small, barrel-shaped stone object with a hole down the center and an incised design or cuneiform inscription
Lamassu
Assyrian protective deity
Gligamesh
Semi Devine king of Babylon who was also in some myths
Palette of Narmer
Low relief sculpture
Stone
Predynastic
Seated statue of Khafre
Sculpture in the Round
Stone
Old Kingdom
Seated Scribe
Sculpture in the Round
Painted and Limestone
Old Kingdom
Head of Senusret III
Sculpture in the Round
Stone
Middle Kingdom
Statue if Hetshepsut kneeling
Sculpture in the Round
Stone
New Kingdom
Akhenaten and His Family
Low Relief
Stone tablet
New Kingdom
Judgement of Hunefer before Osiris
Low Relief
Stone tablet
New Kingdom
Dynasty
a line of hereditary rulers of a country
Ka
a spiritual entity, an aspect of the individual, believed to live within the body during life and to survive it after death.
Pyramid
a monumental structure with a square or triangular base and sloping sides that meet in a point at the top, especially one built of stone as a royal tomb in ancient Egypt
Book of the Dead
is an ancient Egyptian funerary text
Upper Egypt
South
Pharaoh
a ruler in ancient Egypt.
Mummification
is a process in which the skin and flesh of a corpse can be preserved
Sphinx
a winged monster of Thebes, having a woman's head and a lion's body.
Hierarchical Proportions
the artist uses unnatural proportion or scale to depict the relative importance of the figures in the artwork
Lower Egypt
North
Hieroglyphic
designating or pertaining to a pictographic script
Mastaba
an ancient Egyptian tomb rectangular in shape with sloping sides and a flat roof
Sarcophagus
a stone coffin, typically adorned with a sculpture or inscription
Canon of Proportions
a rule of proportions
Hypostyle
having a roof supported by pillars, typically in several rows.
Rosetta Stone
a black basalt stone that bears an inscription in hieroglyphics, demotic characters, and Greek and is celebrated for having given the first clue to the decipherment of Egyptian hieroglyphics
Necropolis
a cemetery, especially a large one belonging to an ancient city.
Monotheism
belief that there is only one God
Composite Pose
Combining different viewpoints within a single representation of a subject
Papyrus
a material prepared in ancient Egypt from the pithy stem of a water plant,