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22 Cards in this Set

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Using steel framework with masonry sheathing, the _____, designed by Louis Sullivan, is thought by many to be the first genuinely modern building.

Wainwright building

Two factors that decide the success of any structural system are:

Weight and tensile strength

Stacking and piling is another term for:

Load- bearing construction

The Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian styles are known as the:

Greek orders

The Byodo- in Temple in Kyoto, Japan, is an elegant example of:

Post and Lintel Architecture

The ability of a material to span horizontal distances with a minimum of support is called:

Tensile strength

Built almost 2000 years ago, the _____ is an editing testament to the Roman use of the arch.

Pont due Gard at Nîmes

Built for World's Fair in 1889, the _____ was an early experiment in iron construction.

Eiffel tower

Who was the father of modern american architecture?

Frank Lloyd Wright

______ is the most famous for his design of the geodesic dome.

R. Buckminster Fuller

The international style emphasizes:

Clean lines, geometric form, and avoidance of superficial decoration.

Falling water is a prime example of the "organic" architecture of:

Me Corbusier

A______ is a horizontal form supported at only one end.

Cantilever

A dome is generated by rotating_____ 360 degrees about a vertical central axis

An arch

When a large hall is built using post and lintel construction methods, the resulting "virtual forest of columns" is called a:

Hypostyle hall

The two basic families of structural systems in architecture are:

The shell and the skeleton and skin

According to the author,_____ is actually an arch extended in depth, as if there are "many arches placed flush on behind the other".

Barrel vault

Builders of cathedrals reinforced the walls if their architecture from the outside with:

Piers and flying buttresses

A flying buttress is an arched exterior support system found on:

A Gothic cathedral

The Taj Naval was built by the 17th century Moslem emperor for what purpose?

As a tomb for his wife

The round opening in the come of the pantheon is called a

Pendentive

The skeleton and skin structure of the crystal palace was designed by ______ in 1851

Joseph Paxton