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80 Cards in this Set

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Time

The fourth dimension in which events occur in succession

Motion

Occurs when an object changes location or position and is directly related to time.
 
EX:
Cai Guo-Qiang. Black Rainbow: Explosion Project for Valencia, Spain, 2005

Occurs when an object changes location or position and is directly related to time.



EX:


Cai Guo-Qiang. Black Rainbow: Explosion Project for Valencia, Spain, 2005


Kinetic

plays out the passage of time through an art 
object, usually a sculpture, which moves
 
Ex: Alexander Calder. Untitled 1972 Aluminum Steel

plays out the passage of time through an art
object, usually a sculpture, which moves



Ex: Alexander Calder. Untitled 1972 Aluminum Steel

Light

waves of frequency part of the spectrum of electromagnetic energy
 
Ex: Daniel Chester French - Lincoln Memorial

waves of frequency part of the spectrum of electromagnetic energy



Ex: Daniel Chester French - Lincoln Memorial

Value

Refers to relative lightness or darkness from white through grays or black.-----relative lightness and darkness of surfaces.

Chiaroscuro

Shading from light to dark that creates the illusion that figures and objects depicted on a flat surface have roundness and bulk 
 
Ex: Rosa Bonheur. Harvest Season. Oil on canvas

Shading from light to dark that creates the illusion that figures and objects depicted on a flat surface have roundness and bulk



Ex: Rosa Bonheur. Harvest Season. Oil on canvas

Shade/Tint

Shade: Adding Black to a hue ----- Tint: White added to a hue

Modeling

________on a two-dimensional surface is the creation of the illusion of roundness or three dimensions through the use of light and shadow.

Color

the element of art that is produced when light, striking an object, is reflected back to the eye.

the element of art that is produced when light, striking an object, is reflected back to the eye.

Local Color

The color that appears to our eyes as that of the object is determined by the wavelengths of light being reflected.

Achromatic

White, black, and their combination, gray without the property of hue.

Neutral

White, black, gray

Hue

A particular wavelength of spectral color to which we give a name. Ex: Yellow and green

Intensity/Saturation/Chroma

The purity or how intense a hue or color is

Additive Mixture

The mixture of colored light. When light colors are combined (as with overlapping spot lights), the mixture becomes successively lighter. Light
primaries, when combined, create white light.

The mixture of colored light. When light colors are combined (as with overlapping spot lights), the mixture becomes successively lighter. Light
primaries, when combined, create white light.

Subtractive Mixture

The process of mixing pigments, each of which absorbs some wavelengths of light and reflects others

The process of mixing pigments, each of which absorbs some wavelengths of light and reflects others

Primary

Red, Yellow, Blue - These pigment hues cannot be produced by an intermixing of other hues.

Secondary

Orange, Green, and Violet - The mixtures of two primaries.

Tertiary/Intermediate

Red-Orange, Yellow-Orange, Yellow-Green, Blue-Green, Blue-Violet, and Red-Violet. Located between the primary and the secondary colors.

Analogous

Color schemes based on color adjacent to one another on the color wheel, each containing the same pure hue, such as a color scheme of yellow-green, green, and blue-green. 
 
Ex: Jennifer Bartlett. Trio

Color schemes based on color adjacent to one another on the color wheel, each containing the same pure hue, such as a color scheme of yellow-green, green, and blue-green.



Ex: Jennifer Bartlett. Trio

Complementary

Color schemes that emphasize two hues directly opposite each other on the color wheel, such as red and green.
 
Ex: Keith Haring. Monkey Puzzle

Color schemes that emphasize two hues directly opposite each other on the color wheel, such as red and green.



Ex: Keith Haring. Monkey Puzzle

Cool Color

Blue-Green side of the color wheel

Blue-Green side of the color wheel

Warm Color

Red-Orange side of the color wheel

Red-Orange side of the color wheel

Texture

The Tactical qualities of surfaces, or to the visual representation of those qualities. 
 
Ex: Meret Oppenheim. Object (Breakfast in Fur)
 
Ex: Vincent van Gogh. The Starry Night

The Tactical qualities of surfaces, or to the visual representation of those qualities.



Ex: Meret Oppenheim. Object (Breakfast in Fur)



Ex: Vincent van Gogh. The Starry Night



Texture (Picture Example 2)

Ex: Meret Oppenheim. Object (Breakfast in Fur)

Ex: Meret Oppenheim. Object (Breakfast in Fur)

Impasto

Brush strokes of thick  paint
 
Ex: Jan van Eyck. The Arnolfini Portrait

Brush strokes of thick paint



Ex: Jan van Eyck. The Arnolfini Portrait

Composition

The organization of visual elements
 
Ex: Charles Demuth. I saw the figure 5 in Gold

The organization of visual elements



Ex: Charles Demuth. I saw the figure 5 in Gold

Design

Broader term to composition referring to the entire range of visual arts.

Unity

The appearance or condition oneness.
 
Ex: John McCracken. Silver

The appearance or condition oneness.



Ex: John McCracken. Silver

Variety

Provides diversity and acts to counter unity.
 
Ex: Jacob Lawrence. Going Home

Provides diversity and acts to counter unity.



Ex: Jacob Lawrence. Going Home

Pattern

Repetitive ordering of design elements.
 
Ex: Robert Rauschenberg. Gift for Apollo

Repetitive ordering of design elements.



Ex: Robert Rauschenberg. Gift for Apollo

Balance

Achievement of equilibrium, in which acting influences are held in check by opposing forces.

Asymmetrical Balance

The left and right sides are not the same, Instead various elements are balanced according to their size and meaning around a felt or implied center of gravity. 
 
Ex: Lavinia Fontana. Noli Me Tangree

The left and right sides are not the same, Instead various elements are balanced according to their size and meaning around a felt or implied center of gravity.



Ex: Lavinia Fontana. Noli Me Tangree

Symmetrical Balance

The near or exact matching of left  and right sides of three-dimensional form or a two-dimensional composition 
 
Ex: Damien Hirst. Posterity

The near or exact matching of left and right sides of three-dimensional form or a two-dimensional composition



Ex: Damien Hirst. Posterity

Symmetrical Balance (Another picture example)

James Hoban. Design for the President's House

James Hoban. Design for the President's House

Emphasis

To draw attention to an area

Focal Point

A specific spot or figure

Subordination

Artists creates neutral areas of lesser interest that keep us from being distracted from the area
 
Ex: Edgar Dega. Jockeys Before the Race

Artists creates neutral areas of lesser interest that keep us from being distracted from the area



Ex: Edgar Dega. Jockeys Before the Race

Directional Forces

Influence the way we look at a work of art 
 
Ex: Francisco Goya. Bullfight

Influence the way we look at a work of art



Ex: Francisco Goya. Bullfight

Contrast

The juxtaposition of strongly dissimilar elements.
 
Ex: Kim MacConnel. Woman with Mirror

The juxtaposition of strongly dissimilar elements.



Ex: Kim MacConnel. Woman with Mirror

Repetition

Repeating element to give unity, continuity, flow, and emphasis.
 
Ex: Donald Judd. Untitled

Repeating element to give unity, continuity, flow, and emphasis.



Ex: Donald Judd. Untitled

Rhythm

Any kind of movement or structure or dominate and subordinate elements in sequence. 
 
Ex (with repetition): Ogata Korin. Cranes

Any kind of movement or structure or dominate and subordinate elements in sequence.



Ex (with repetition): Ogata Korin. Cranes

Rhythm (Picture Example)

Lyubov Popova. The Pianist

Lyubov Popova. The Pianist

Scale

The relation of one thing to another 
 
Ex: Claes Oldenburg and Coosje van Bruggen. Shuttlecocks

The relation of one thing to another



Ex: Claes Oldenburg and Coosje van Bruggen. Shuttlecocks

Proportion

The size relationship of parts to a whole
 
Ex: Michelangelo Buonarroti. Pieta

The size relationship of parts to a whole



Ex: Michelangelo Buonarroti. Pieta

Format

Refers to the size and shape of a two-dimensional picture plane. 
 
Ex: Henri Matisse. Large Reclining Nude

Refers to the size and shape of a two-dimensional picture plane.



Ex: Henri Matisse. Large Reclining Nude

Art Evaluation

Selecting one thing over another, or appreciate the specialness of something
 
Ex: Marie Louise Elizabeth Vigee-Lebrun. Self-Portrait in a Straw Hat

Selecting one thing over another, or appreciate the specialness of something



Ex: Marie Louise Elizabeth Vigee-Lebrun. Self-Portrait in a Straw Hat

Kitsch

art considered to be in poor taste because of excessive garishness or sentimentality, but sometimes appreciated in an ironic or knowing way.

Popular Pop Culture

cultural activities or commercial products reflecting, suited to, or aimed at the tastes of the general masses of people.


Art Criticism

Refers to making discriminating judgments, both favorable and unfavorable

Formal Theories

Focus attention on the composition of the work and how it ay have been influenced by earlier works
 
Ex: Titian. Pieta

Focus attention on the composition of the work and how it ay have been influenced by earlier works



Ex: Titian. Pieta

Contextual Theories

Art as a product of a culture and value system



Expressive Theories

The artist expression of a personality

Camp

Artwork deliberately created to be amusing because of its affected characteristics, or out-of-date, exaggerated subject matter

Masterpiece

The greatest work, as of an artist.

What makes art great and who decides this?

Its based of of personal preference and the viewer decides.

Censorship

Alternation or removal of works of art from public view

Drawing

Immediate and accessible way to communicate through imagery

Drawing Process

Leonardo da Vinci. Facial Proportions of a Man in Profile

Leonardo da Vinci. Facial Proportions of a Man in Profile

Drawing Process #2

Vincent Van Gogh. Carpenter

Vincent Van Gogh. Carpenter

Drawing Process #3

Vicent Van Gogh. Old Man with His Head in His Hands

Vicent Van Gogh. Old Man with His Head in His Hands

Sketchbooks

A visual Diary, a place to capture the physical appearance of things, or experiment with imagined ideas.

Receptive

Drawing of objects that we observe, that exist in reality around us.

Projective

Drawing of objects that come from memory, imanination or visions

Functions of Drawing

1. As a notation, sketch, or record of something seen, remembered, or imagined
 
2. As a study or preparation for another, usually larger and more complex work
 
3. As an end in itself, a complete work of art
 
Ex: Michelangelo Buonarotti. Study o...

1. As a notation, sketch, or record of something seen, remembered, or imagined



2. As a study or preparation for another, usually larger and more complex work



3. As an end in itself, a complete work of art



Ex: Michelangelo Buonarotti. Study of a Reclining Male Nude

Cartoon

A full scale preparatory drawing for a fresco or mural and now commonly used for narrative drawing emphasizing humorous or satirical content

Fresco

technique of painting on a moist, plaster surface with colors ground up in water or a limewater mixture

Mosaic

creating images with an assemblage of small pieces of colored glass, stone, or other materials. It is a technique of decorative art or interior decoration

Hatching

Rows of parallel lines to suggest shadows or volumes
 
Ex:

Rows of parallel lines to suggest shadows or volumes



Ex:

Cross-Hatching

an extension of hatching, which uses is the use of fine parallel lines drawn closely together, to create the illusion of shade or texture in a drawing.
 
Ex: Charles White. Preacher

an extension of hatching, which uses is the use of fine parallel lines drawn closely together, to create the illusion of shade or texture in a drawing.



Ex: Charles White. Preacher

Contour Hatching

The pen and ink technique that looks like lines following the shape of the object

Dry Media

Drawing using pencil, charcoal, Conte crayon, and pastel 
 
Ex: Umberto Boccioni. States of Mind

Drawing using pencil, charcoal, Conte crayon, and pastel



Ex: Umberto Boccioni. States of Mind

Fixative

A thin varnish that is sprayed over charcoal to help seal it onto paper and prevent  smudging
 
Ex: Vija Celmins. Web #5

A thin varnish that is sprayed over charcoal to help seal it onto paper and prevent smudging



Ex: Vija Celmins. Web #5

Tooth

A type of texture that features a small even grain. It allows for some attachment for layers of a medium, such as paint or pastel

Liquid Media

Wet media is anything that has moisture in it and requires time to dry - oil, acrylic, watercolour, tempera, ink

Washes

ink thinned with water
 
Ex: Hokusai. Tuning the Samisen

ink thinned with water



Ex: Hokusai. Tuning the Samisen

Comics and Graphic Novels

Sequential art form based on drawing with graphic novels having book length story lines.
 
Ex: (Comic) Windsor McCay. Little Nemo in Slumberland

Sequential art form based on drawing with graphic novels having book length story lines.



Ex: (Comic) Windsor McCay. Little Nemo in Slumberland

Graphic Novel Example

Gilbert Hernandez. Cover of Fear of Comics

Gilbert Hernandez. Cover of Fear of Comics

Contemporary

art of today, produced by artists who are living in the twenty-first century in every day living 
 
Ex: Julie Mehretu. Back to Gondwanaland

art of today, produced by artists who are living in the twenty-first century in every day living



Ex: Julie Mehretu. Back to Gondwanaland

Camera Lucida

optical device used as a drawing aid by artists