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43 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What term translates into "Old Stone Age"?
Paleolithic Age
What term translates into "New Stone Age"?
Neolithic Age
The Neolithic era differs from its predecessor in what ways?
People were less nomadic
In northern Europe the distinctive form of monumental stone architecture know as _________ were constructed without the use of mortar.
Stone Henge
What structure is an example the architecture of Stone Henge?
Megoliths
Where was Mesopotamia located?
Syria & Iraq
The Egyptian civilizations grew up along the banks of what river?
Nile River
The Egyptian culture was dedicated to providing a home for what part of the human being that defines personality?
Ka
In the 14th century BCE, Egyptian art turned from harsh geometric rigidity to a softer form. A famous example of this is?
Ankehaten
What was the primary subject of Greek art?
The perfectly proportioned human
What piece of art depicts a goddess as she is about to land on the prow of a shit and is a masterpiece of Hellenistic realism?
Nike of Sarothirse
The Romans were known for their perfection of what type of architecture?
The arch
What commemorative structure was built by the Romans using the arch?
The Arch of Constantine
What was the Edict of Milan?
Promoted religious tolerance and allowed Christians to develop their artwork
Early Christian places of worship were based on rectangular architecture known as:
Basilica
What is Mosaic?
Small pieces of tile put together to create a picture
Byzantine architects favored central plan, domed structures. What large structure located in Istanbul is a good example of this type of architecture?
Hagia Sophia
What are the characteristics of Romanesque architecture?
Round arches and heavy geometric forms - rounded
The most important sculptural work on a Romanesque church was located on the:
Tympanum
What is a tympanum?
A semicircular arch above the main door of a Romanesque church
What are some things that make Gothic churches different from the Romanesque predecessors?
Pointed arches, stained glass
What French cathedral is a good example of Gothic architecture?
Chartres Cathedral
Sculputre on gothic buildings, such as the portal statues on the Reims Cathedral, differ from Romanesque and early Christian art in that they:
Have stained glass windows
What is Renaissance?
Revival of interest in the arts
What philosophy of Petrach emphasized the unique value of each person?
Humanism
The first life-size nude sculpture since antiquity was:
David
Who sculpted the David as the first life-size nude sculpture since antiquity?
Donatello
What does Contrapposto mean?
The figure is in a natural pose with weight on one foot
Leonardo, Michelangelo & Raphael were all living and working during what time period?
High Renaissance
Who painted SCHOOL OF ATHENS?
Raphael
Who painted the MONA LISA
Leonardo Davinci
In what city did the style of painting that emphasized the sensuousness of light and pleasures of the senses develop?
Venice
Who painted VENUS OF URBINO?
Titian
What German artist strived to establish the ideals of the Italian renaissance in his country?
Albrect Durer
What painting did Albrect Durer create?
Self-protrait
Albrect Durer was a painter and an accomplished:
Printmaker
What is 'mannerism'?
Exaggerated perspectives and distorted forms
Who painted THE BURIAL OF COUNT ORGAZ?
El Greco
THE BURIAL OF COUNT ORGAZ demonstrates which style?
Mannerism
What is 'baroque'?
Use of dramatic light and color
Who was the foremost practioner of the Baroque style?
Carravagio
In what painting does Caravaggio use dramatic use of light (baroque)?
DAVID & GOLIATH
What Italian artist created a dynamic version of DAVID?
Bermini