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84 Cards in this Set

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Firmitas

Structure (Firmness)


Examples:


Baths of Diocletian


Speyer Cathedral

Utilitas

Function (Commodity)


Examples


The Parthenon


Chartres Cathedral

Venustas

Form (Delight)


Examples:


Maison Carree


Virginia State Capital



The Rosetta Stone

Carved c. 196 BC


Discovered in 1799 in Rashid, Egypt




Held in British Museum, London, England



Old Kingdom

3100 BC - 2200 BC

Middle Kingdom

2100BC - 1780BC

New Kingdom

1580BC - 1090BC

Lower Egypt (North)

Captial in Memphis

Upper Egypt (South)

Capital in Thebes

Funerary Complex of King Zoser

Saqqara, Egypt


Built: 2630 BC (Old Kingdom)


Architect: Imhotep

Mastabas

Type of ancient Egyptian tomb in the form of a flat-roofed, rectangular structure with outward sloping sides

Great Pyramid of Khufu

Giza, Egypt


Built: 2550 BC (Old Kingdom)

Pylon

The facade of an Egyptian Cult Temple

Courtyard

Open area in the first room of the temple

Hypostyle Hall

Room further in temple, collection of columns

Sanctuary

Deepest part of the Cult Temple

Axis

Unobstructed line through the middle of a temple or building

Symmetry

Symmetry about an axis

Obelisk

Tall pointed pillar, come in pairs

Post and Lintel Construction

Construction featuring a Post (Vertical Component) and a Lintel (Horizontal Component)

Clerestory

Level with slits in stone to allow light to pass through

Molding

Decorative stripping along bottom of wall

Cornice

Decorative molding along top of wall

Temple of Khons

Karnak, Egypt


Built: 1100BC (New Kingdom)

Temple of Amun

Karnak, Egypt


Begun: 1550 BC

Temple of Aphaia

Aegina, Greece


500BC

Doric


Ionic


Corinthian

3 Orders of Columns

Base

The base of a column (Absent in Doric order)

Shaft

The shaft of a column

Capital

The top of a column

Echinus

Curved part at the capital of a Doric column

Abacus

Square part at the capital of a column

Volute

Volute shaped parts of Ionic and Corinthian column capitals

Architrave

Lintel that lays on top of the capitals of columns

Frieze

Decorative part of the entablature of a column

Triglyph

Repeating III Pattern in the Entablature of a Doric Frieze

Metope

The space between the Triglyphs on a Doric Frieze

Cornice

Top part of entablature above the frieze

Entasis

Slightly convex curvature of columns

Diminution

Tapering of a column toward the top

Fluting

Carved out sections along the shaft of a column

Pediment

Triangular shaped roof held up by columns

Stylobate

Top step of a greek temple, platform that holds the columns

Pteron

Columns on Greek Temple (?)

Peripteral Plan

Plan for greek temples surrounded by Columns

Pronaos

Front Porch Greek Temple

Naos

Sanctuary of Greek Temple

Opisthodomos

Rear Porch of Greek Temple

First Temple of Hera

Paestum, Italy


Build 550 BC


(Missing Pediment)

Second Temple of Hera

Paestum, Italy


Built 460 BC

The Parthenon (Temple of Athena Parthenos)

Athens, Greece


Buillt: 447-438 BC


Architects: Ictinus and Callicrates


Client: Pericles


Chief Sculptor: Phidias


Completed: 432 BC

Optical Refinements

Horizontal Elements curved, vertical elements inclined due to Greek belief that vision cause straight lines to appear sagged in the middle

Mashrabiyah

Projecting balconies

Kaa'ba

Brick cube in the Mecca

5 Pillars of Islam

Proclaim Faith


Pray 5 times daily


Alms to the Poor


Fasting at Ramadan


Pilgrimage to Mecca

Minarets

Large towers of a Mosque

Fountain of Ablution

Fountain for the ritual washing before prayer in a mosque

Minbar

Platform for announcements on the Mecca facing wall of a mosque, to the Right of the Mihrab

Mihrab

Semicircular room on Mecca facing wall of a Mosque

Dome of the Rock

Jerusalem, Israel


Built 692 AD


Columnar Halls

Great Mosque of Samarra

Samarra, Iraq


Built 852 AD


Columnar Halls



Great Mosque of Cordoba

Cordoba, Spain


Existed 786-987 AD


Columnar Halls

Suleymaniye Mosque

Istambul, Turkey


1550 AD


Sinan


Domed Hall

Mythical Founding Date of Rome

753 BC

Foundation of Roman Republic

509 BC

Establishment of Roman Empire

27 BC

First Roman Emperor

Augustus

Two Centuries from 27 BC to 180 AD

Pax Romana

First Division of the Empire und Diocletian

284 AD

Reign of Emperor Constantine

305-337 AD

Definitive Division of Empire into Two Parts

395 AD

End of Empire in the West

476 AD

End of Eastern Roman (Byzantine) Empire

1453 AD

Voussoir

Building Blocks of Roman Arch

Keystone

Voissoir at the top of an Arch

Spandrel

Wall held up by Arch

Centering

Wooden framing used for the construction of an arch

Barrel Vault

Series of arches in one direction creating an arched hallway

Groin Vault

Two barrel vaults intersecting on perpendicular axes

Arch of Titus

Rome, Italy


81-90 AD

Colosseum

Rome, Italy


72-80 AD

Pont du Gard (Aqueduct)

near Nimes, France


20 BC

Basilica of Constantine

Rome, Italy


Built 307-315 AD

Baths of Diocletian

Rome, Italy


Built 298-306 AD